The Pioneers of Reformational Philosophy*

John Calvin*

Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer*

Herman Bavinck*

Bavinck's Writings*

Writings About Bavinck*

Herman Dooyeweerd*

Dooyeweerd's Writings*

Writings About Dooyeweerd*

Dirk H. Th. Vollenhoven*

H. Evan Runner*

Bennie J. Van der Walt*

Miscellaneous Reformational and Compatible Publications*

Institutes, Journals, Magazines, Newspapers

James K. A. Smith*

Wonders, Miracles*

Science and Technology*

Physical Sciences*

Social Sciences*

Kinesiology and Sports*


Derek C. Schuurman*

Labour, Labourers, Unions*

Economics and Politics*

Association for Reformed Political Action (ARPA)

Law and Legal*

Trinity Western University*



History in General*

Church History*


The Arts*





Drama & Cinema*



Health, Sex, Orientation and Gender Issues*

Missiology, Dialogue, Apologetics*

Freedom of Religion, (In)tolerance and Persecution*

Persecution of Christians in the West


Reviews of and Information about Publications*

Short Shorts*


“It is a matter of life and death for this young philosophy that Christian scholars in all fields of science seek to put it to work in their own specialty.”

– Herman Dooyeweerd

A New Critique of Theoretical Thought, vol. 1, p. viii.

“The Church can render itself no greater service than to recapture the universities for Christ. More potent than by any other means, change the university and you change the world.”

– Dr. Charles Malik, former UN Secretary General

“Good philosophy must exist, if for no other reasons, because bad philosophy needs to be answered.”

– C. S. Lewis, InThe Weight of Glory

“Christians confess that all human beings, whether theyknow it or not, inhabit a shared order of creation -a constituting, sustaining, and guiding framework for human and social life that, where followed, enables the enjoyment of shalom. They also confess that, in spite of human willfulness and blindness, all humans can and often do glimpse something of this order simply as they make their way in life.”

– Dr. Gideon Strauss, Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto OR Jonathan Chaplin from Public Justice Review.

The purpose of this entire website is to promote a more wholistic version of the Christian Gospel. Though for some specific reasons, some items on this website may not focus on that, it does hold true for most.

When I refer to a “more wholistic version,” I am speaking of a Gospel that is not reduced to church and the private area of life, but that touches every area of life or, as in the expression made so famous by Abraham Kuyper, a Gospel that affects every square inch of this creation. Put in metric terms, every square metre!

This is an interpretation of the Gospel and of its resultant wholistic religion, a full-orbed Christianity, that secularism resists. The latter has inherited the tradition of Scholasticism that separates life and religion and leaves only a small part of life for religion, while the rest of life is secular. That secular arrangement has been described as dualism, in which there are two different sources of truth and two different truths. Historically, the one source of truth and its resultant truth, respectively reason and the empirical have largely pushed out the spiritual source of religion – only in the minds or thinking of people, I should hasten to add, not in reality.

A long line of scholars starting with John Calvin or possibly even further back, have developed resistance to that narrow secular interpretation of Christianity and, in fact, the narrow religion in general that secularism promotes. Names that come to mind first of all are Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, Herman Dooyeweerd, H. Even Runner, Hendrik Hart, along with an international raft of educational, political and other social institutions.

The Neo-Calvinist Research Institute, “What is Neo-Calvinism?” Kampen, The Netherlands. N.d.

It is not only secularism that defines religion in such a narrow restrictive way. Islam does as well, except for itself. Islam, especially where it is the majority religion, insists that it is a whole way of life, but refuses to recognize the same for its minority counterpart religions. Like secularism, it insists that Christians restrict the practice of their religion to church and to the sphere of the private.

Like everyone else’s, my range of expertise is limited. I cannot possibly explain what such a wide-orbed perspective would mean for the various academic disciplines or the various segments of culture. So, while the other pages are largely my own expressions and attempts along this line, this page allows experts in other fields to express themselves in order to aid people to develop wholistic perspectives in every area of culture.

The Reformational community largely shares the main contours of that tradition, but this does not mean that all adherents fully agree with each other or that there are no significant differences of opinion within its wide parameters, or even contradictions. This means also that the inclusion of an item on this page does not necessarily mean I as compiler agree either partially or fully with all the contents. This page is an exhibition of the riches of the Reformational tradition and those riches include variations and contradictions as in all of life.

Instead of the term “exhibition,” let’s think “library” for a moment. This page is a library of Reformational literature. Every respectable library, whether community-based or academic, has its parameters. It will not accept just any document. However, the staff may not simply accept only the books they agree with or like; they are obligated to accept books they may thoroughly dislike or that are totally contradicting each other, but there they are and the public can pick what it wants to read. Well, this page is such a library with its own parameters that are fairly wide in scope, wider than people from other schools of thought might expect. I sometimes feel obligated to include an item I may not personally like, but it is a fair representation of the larger Reformational tradition.

So, please do not jump to hasty conclusions as to my personal opinion of any particular item found on this page; I could well disagree with an item, sometimes even strongly, but I do recognize it as within the parameters of the tradition here exhibited for you.

So, on this page you will find articles and even entire books on many spheres of life or learning. This is your chance to enter into dialogue with the practictioners of a wholistic tradition that goes by various names: Neo-Calvinism, Kuyperian, Neo-Kuyperian, Reformational. Many articles are original; others are my translations from my mother tongue, Dutch.

Actually, so much has been written in both books and articles that there is no way I can present them all here. The full array might possibly be too much even for an entire data centre! There is an important lineup of some of the classics of this tradition of wholistic books on the website of Paideia Publishers –

Paideia Press, Paideia Press

"Reformational reading"–Paideia Press revived. There are many Paideia publications referenced on the < > websites. Many of these are classics. The company has generously allowed us to list them along with their links. Then the company kind of went into hiding with no more publications. Recently, they have revived and are publishing both new editions of those old ones along with brand new Reformational publications, but they are new and thus under copyright restrictions. You are urged to visit their website and check out their current Reformational offerings.

In addition to the above list of classics, there is the main philosophical journal of the Reformational movement that is an absolute must for anyone doing serious research on any aspect of it:

Philosophia Reformata, International Philosophical Journal of Christianity, Science, and Society, Leiden: Brill.

– a philosophical journal which welcomes contributions that contain philosophical reflection in relation to the Christian tradition. Articles are broadly philosophical in nature, including interdisciplinary approaches in which philosophical reflection forms a substantive element. Contributions may either focus on philosophical themes in relation to Christianity (e.g., being, truth, knowledge, the good, religion, personhood, and others), or on themes in the sciences, the humanities, ethics, and professional practices, also in relation to Christianity (e.g., themes relating to normativity, responsibility, care, natural and social sciences, politics, economics, environmental sciences, and/or technology).
This journal can be accessed at:

For a random Table of Contents see

For a list of English-language articles and a list of the authors of English articles see

By no means all Reformed scholars are familiar with either Abraham Kuyper or with the Reformational movement, the philosophical tradition that started to develop already during his day, but has since blossomed into an international movement. Apart from those who have never heard of it, there are scholars, including Reformed ones, who oppose or reject the entire tradition. However, amongst those there is also a considerable number who recognize it as a valid and respectable philosophical tradition and will readily acknowledge Kuyper’s genius.

Its viability is, among others, indicated by that fact that the movement includes not only an international group of individual scholars but also a respectable number of educational, social, labour, political and media institutions in The Netherlands itself, but also in Canada, the USA, South Africa, Korea, Hungary and a number of other countries.

Another significant indication is the quality of the publishers who publish the steady stream of books and articles that emerges out of this tradition. They are among the most distinguished in the world: Brill – that’s a sure tell-tale sign –, McGill-Queens University Press, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Clarke-Irwin, Harvard University Press.

Before we close this section, there's this major introductory article about Reformational philosophy. It summarizes the work of various pioneers of Reformational thought that will be treated in greater detail under their specific names:
Steve Bishop, “Reformational Philosophy: An Introduction.” Bishop also has been developing a rather exhaustive website with almost everything you want to know about the Reformational tradition, including its major personalities and their writings. This is a complete library.

It is quite likely that you will find this Introduction somewhat confusing. Its basic concepts may appear very foreign to you. I am sympathetic to that, for it took me a long time to begin to understand what this wholism is all about. But as you read the material, it will slowly dawn on you and introduce you into a whole other world of thought that you will eventually find exciting, for it will give you an entirely different handle on life itself. So, have patience and persist; it will come to you and you will thank God for your persistence. Just keep reading….

One who did keep reading over the years and recently commented once again is the Catholic Bishop of Sokoto, Matthew Kukah. This is also the seat of the Sultan of Sokoto in northern Nigeria, the centre of the greatest slave state in the world around 1900 A.D. The Bishop wrote:

My dearest Elder Brother,

Greetings and thank you so much for one of the best gifts being offered to first our dear country, the Church and many others. I am awed by the fact that you had turned out so much material and have had the time to carefully upload it for us to have access to with so much ease. I commend you.

It is impossible for us to thank you enough because you came well ahead of your time and your phenomenal insights have had such a profound impact. Somehow, I feel a tinge of regret that things have turned out this way and that now that we need you even more urgently, you are so far away from us.

I have gone over the greater (part of) the material and it is quite fascinating that you have put in so much and it is now available. Sadly, serious, rigorous scholarship of this quality is on the decline.

I am not sure if you are aware that I have set up a Policy Think Tank known as The Kukah Centre. We have been engaged in some level of research, advocacy, but trying to improve the quality of intellectual input into public policy especially in matters relating to faith (

I will like to find out about the catholic Acton Institute in Grand Rapids, MI. Sounds very interesting.

Thank you so much again and God bless you. My warm regards to your wife.

Bishop Matthew Kukah, August 2017 <>

“I really appreciate your work collecting and making available all those fine writings under the online Reformational Academic Library. It's a real service! I have started to look through it, and hope to use a few in this Winter's courses. A huge amount of very helpful materials!”

—Dr. John Hiemstra, Political Scientist,

The King's University College, Edmonton

“Your Project sounds amazing and I have lots of friends who would be interested in partnering on this effort. I ended up writing a book titled Walking with God in the Marketplace. I would be happy to share an online copy. In addition, I sit on the Board of Globethics and they have a wealth of materials for online use as well. Let me know how you would like to proceed.”

—Ndidi Okonkwo Nwuneli, Lagos

At the end of this Introduction I share with you an inaugural speech by Al Wolters, in which he discusses the place of Reformational Philosophy in the general field of philosophy.

Al Wolters, Our place in the Philosophical Tradition. Inaugural lecture delivered at the University of Toronto at his installation as Professor (Senior Member) of Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies, October 19, 1974. Toronto: ICS, 1975.

In the introductory pages of this publication, Wolters inserted the following quotation: "And the Philistine (Goliath, a giant) said to David (a peasant shepherd boy and future king), 'Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?' . Then David said to the Philistine, 'You come to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin, but I come to you in the Name of the Lord of Hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied." (At the end, David slays the proud giant with his slingshot.) [Parenthesized items inserted by Jan H. Boer.]

Old Testament, I Samuel 17:43, 45).

Bob Vander Plaats, “Dr. Wolters Is Inaugurated to the ICS Faculty.” Perspective, November 1974, pp. 1-3.

And with this, I will let you loose into this world of wide-open perspectives that take all aspects of reality seriously. Dig in, challenge, taste, and test. Above all, enjoy this intellectual potpourri – and allow yourself and your assumptions to be challenged deep down in your core – your heart.


The Reformational Publishing Project (RPP) is a new enterprise formed in order to publish books, articles, lectures, and speeches in the tradition of the epoch-making Christian Philosophy developed by the Dutch polymath Herman Dooyeweerd. Specific attention will be placed on works in which the systematic articulation and coherent advancement of this tradition is demonstrably evident.

It is the central mission of the Reformational Publishing Project, then, to publish the best of the attempts by Dooyewerd’s colleagues, students, and followers to elaborate and advance these revolutionary insights through books, articles, special lectures and speeches.

Boer Note: The above are the first two paragraphs of a longer essay on the plans for the above ambitious publishing project that, though it did not reach all of its goals, did publish many key works in the Reformational tradition, both in English and Dutch. Some of these are included on this page under their appropriate headings. They can all be identified by their URL, which includes reference to that project. I include this information section to give full credit to the Reformational Publishing Project and to Paideia. We owe them a debt of gratitude for the work they have done for us.

Postscript regarding authors of multiple titles on this page:

You will note that some authors have their publications listed in one place. That does not mean that all that author's works are listed; these are merely samples that are meant to encourage you to look for more online. If the text of a certain title has no link to the internet, it will not be listed unless there is something special about it. You may find entire amazing libraries associated with a certain author, but that will not show on this page. There are projects afoot to publish entire series of Abraham Kuyper and Herman Bavinck major publications, but their texts are closely guarded by copyright restrictions and their texts are not online. Reference is made to these projects just to make you aware of these treasures, but you cannot access them online.

Some authors' titles are distributed under different headings on this or even other pages of this website. E.g., some of Nicholas Wolterstorff's works are listed in one place, but you will also find him under Bavinck and under The Arts sections. If you want to find all the titles of an author listed on this page, you may want to use the ^FIND function (^F). If you want to find all or most of the publications of an author, you will often find a bibliography on Wikipedia OR, for Reformational authors, on


John Calvin

“There is no part of our life or conduct, however insignificant, which should not be related to the glory of God, and that we must be do all to promote it.” —John Calvin

(Quoted by Iortyom Achineku, “Taking stock of NKST fifty years of existence as an indigenous church.” REC Focus, December 2006, p. 64.). ISSN: 1534-259X.

John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, 1536. Trans. Henry Beveridge, 1845. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1957.

Published first in 1536, the Institutes of the Christian Religion is John Calvin's magnum opus. Extremely important for the Protestant Reformation, the Institutes has remained important for Protestant theology for almost five centuries. Written to "aid those who desire to be instructed in the doctrine of salvation," the Institutes, which follows the ordering of the Apostle's Creed, has four parts. The first part examines God the Father; the second part, the Son; the third part, the Holy Spirit; and the fourth part, the Church. Through these four parts, it explores both "knowledge of God" and "knowledge of ourselves" with profound theological insight, challenging and informing all the while. Thus, for either the recent convert or the long-time believer, for the inquisitive beginner or the serious scholar, John Calvin's Institutes is a rewarding book worthy of study!

Tim Perrine
CCEL Staff Writer

“Taking into account all his failings, he [Calvin] must be reckoned as one of the greatest and best of men whom God raised up in the history of Christianity” – Philip Schaff, Historian.

“But we shall always find it hard to love the man [Calvin] who darkened the human soul with the most absurd and blasphemous conception of God in all the long and honoured history of nonsense” – Will Durant, Historian.

The H. Henry Meeter Center for Calvin Studies. For further information, go to the section “Church History*” down below on this page.

C. J. Smit, et al, eds., A Festschrift from the Conventus of Reformational Churches in Southern Africa under the scientific accreditation of In die Skriflig. In die Skriflig, 44, Supplement 3, 2010. A (belated?) festschrift in honour of John Calvin on the 500th anniversary of his birth.

The impact Calvin had in his lifetime, as well as on the following five centuries, can hardly be overestimated. As an ardent student of Holy Scripture, classical texts and law, he was able to reform church and society. He made an important and fundamental contribution in reshaping European society (and subsequently many other parts of the world) in terms of religion, political systems, economic development, his views on art, human relations and education.

Faces of John Calvin:

William R. Stevenson Jr., “Calvin's Christian freedom, modern politics and God's sovereign grace.” Calvin's Spark, Winter 1999, pp. 24-26.

--------, “John Calvin's institutional thinking.” Calvin Spark, Summer 2009, p. 26

John Witte Jr., “Calvin the lawyer.” Calvin Spark, Summer 2009, p. 24.

Karin Maag, “The legacy of John Calvin.” Calvin Spark, Summer 2009, p. 23

James R. Payton Jr., “Respecting John Calvin.” The Banner, September 2007, p. 34.

“Meet Calvin: An Entire Issue Devoted to John Calvin (1509-1564),” Christian History, 1986, Vol. 5, No. 4 (40 pp.).

Standford W. Reid, ed., John Calvin: His Influence in the Western World. Festschrift in Honor of Paul Woolley. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Publishing House, 1982 (415 pp.).

Matthew J. Tuininga, Calvin's political theology and the public engagement of the church. Cambridge studies in law and Christianity. Cambridge University Press, April 2017.

Joseph H. Sherrard, Review of above. Themelios, vol. 43, Issue 1.

Nicholas Wolterstorff and Barbara Pitkin, Booknote on above. Calvin Seminary Forum, Fall 2017, p. 23.

Timothy P. Palmer, P. “Calvin the Transformationist and the Kingship of Christ,” Pro Rege: Vol. 35: No. 3, 2007, pp. 32 - 39.

Edna Gerstner, Idelette: A Novel Based on the Life of Madame John Calvin. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1963 (160 pp.).

For readers’ reviews go to: AND

For a recorded review, go to:

William J. Petersen, “Idelette: John Calvin’s Search for the Right Wife.” Christian History, 1986, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 12-15.

The Institute for Calvinistic Studies in Korea (ICSK)— ICSK – Institute for Calvinistic Studies in Korea | AcronymAttic.

For information on the H. Henry Meeter Center for Calvin Studies, go to:

Jan van Vliet, “Repose in Mystery: The Limit of Sobriety According to John Calvin.Pro Rege, March 2016, pp 21-31.

Henk van den Belt, ed., Restoration through Redemption: John Calvin Revisited, an incomplete preview. Leiden: Brill, 2013.

Bennie Vander Walt, “John Calvin as Understood from the Spiritual Surroundings of His Time.” In A Festschrift from the Conventus of Reformational Churches in Southern Africa under the Scientific Accreditation of In die Skriflig, Volume 44, Supplement 3, 2010 (pp. 23-46).

----------, “John Calvin's view of the human being: A Christian philosophical appraisal.” Tydskrif vir Geesterwetenskappe, vol. 49, no. 3. Pretoria 2009.

Mike Ross, “A Short Bibliography on John Calvin.” Christ Covenant Church, 2009 (2 pp.).

Jim Olthuis, “John Calvin on Creation.” Anakainosis, Vol. 7, Nos 1-2, September-December 1984 (22 pp).

Bennie J. van der Walt, From Noyon to Geneva: A Pilgrimage in the Steps of John Calvin (1509-1564). Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism; Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1979.

Donald Sinnema, “Luther and Calvin on Christianity and politics.” A student paper presented at the Toronto School of Theology, June 1976. Distributed by the ICS, Toronto.

Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer

James Eglinton and George Harinck, eds., Neo-Calvinism and the French Revolution. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.

This book is placed under the name of the father of the Reformational school of thought simply because it includes all three of its Dutch pioneers. There was no more suitable place for it.

Van Prinsterer occupies a special place in that both Kuyper and Bavinck were kind of his protégés. He just did not write all that much and thus is not known that well. After careful consideration, it has been decided to give him a section of his own.

J. Glenn Friesen, “New Research on Groen van Prinsterer and the Idea of Sphere Sovereignty,” 2018.

Steve Bishop, “Guillaume Groen Van Prinsterer Pages.” History and Bibliography, 2005-2018.

Harry Van Dyke, “Groen van Prinsterer: Godfather of Bavinck and Kuyper.” Calvin Theological Journal 47 (2012), pp. 72-97.

The Cardus quarterly magazine Comment reflects the spirit of Van Prinsterer. See issue of Fall 2016.

J. G. Barnhoorn, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Groen van Prinsterer: At Its Deepest, History Is Church History.” Reformatorisch Dagblad, January 8, 2010.

Gerrit J. Schutte, trans. Harry Van Dyke, Groen van Prinsterer: His Life and Work. Paideia Press, 2005 (153 pp.). Original title: Mr. G. Groen van Prinsterer.

For further readings about Groen van Prinsterer, see p. 149.

Jantje Lubbegiena van Essen and Herbert Donald Morton, Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: Selected Studies. Jordan Station ON: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1990.

McKendree R. Langley, “The Legacy of Groen van Prinsterer.” Reformed Perspective, January 1985.

Groen van Prinsterer, G. The History of the Revolution in its First Lectures in History. Lectures 8 and 9 from Unbelief and Revolution, a series of lectures in history, edited and translated by Harry Van Dyke in collaboration with Donald Morton. Amsterdam: The Groen van Prinsterer Fund, 1975. Original title: Ongeloof en revolutie: Eene reeks van historische voorlezingen. Leiden: Enj. Lijoutmans, 1847. These lectures can be accessed at:

Read a book by one of Abraham Kuyper's greatest mentors:
Challenging the Spirit of Modernity: A Study of Groen van Prinsterer's Unbelief and Revolution. Bellingham WA: Lexham Press, October 2019.

Dutch politician and historian Groen van Prinsterer's Unbelief and Revolution is a foundational work addressing the inherent tension between the church and secular society. In Challenging the Spirit of Modernity, Harry Van Dyke places this seminal work into historical context, revealing how this vital contribution still speaks into the fractured relationship between religion and society.

Praise for Challenging the Spirit of Modernity:
“Groen van Prinsterer's classic text, Unbelief and Revolution, is one of many attempts of nineteenth-century European intellectuals to come to terms with the French Revolution and its aftermath. Harry Van Dyke deftly situates the book in its political, religious, and historiographical contexts, thereby doing readers a great service. Could it be, Van Dyke asks, that Groen's struggle with emerging forms of secularism is of utmost relevance in a world in which religion and se'cularism are still competing forces?”
—Herman Paul, Professor of the History of the Humanities, Leiden University.

----------, trans. J. Faber, “The Anti-Revolutionary Principle.” Grand Rapids: Groen van Prinsterer Society, 1956.

Harry Van Dyke, an unreferenced and untitled essay about Groen van Prinsterer, March 4, 1967 (17 pp.).

Bernard Zylstra, “Who Was Groen?” An essay written about the life and principles of Guillaume Groen Van Prinsterer with the purpose of showing how his ideas are of great value for a revival of Calvinism on an international scope. Grand Rapids: The Groen Van Prinsterer Society (“Groen Club”), October 1956.

Herman Bavinck

Herman Bavinck (1854–1921), born the second of eleven children, was a husband, father, pastor, professor, and the author of many books, including his four-volume magnum opus, Reformed Dogmatics (Gereformeerde Dogmatiek). As a Dutch Reformed theologian he engaged the fields of politics, philosophy, and education and was a key figure along with Abraham Kuyper in the Union of the Reformed Churches in 1892.

Uncluttered collection of writings from and about Bavinck. This collection can be accessed from: See also:

Bavinck Institute Hosts Inaugural Evening

Calvin Theological Seminary in Grand Rapids, MI, recently hosted an inaugural evening event for the Bavinck Institute of Calvin Seminar on May 16, 2017. The event included a display of Bavinck’s own writings, with translations into English, Chinese, Indonesian and Portuguese. For further information go to: And:

Bavinck's Writings

For a complete primary-source bibliography and sizable digital archive of Herman Bavinck’s Dutch corpus, see Project Neocalvinisme. The following bibliography is limited primarily to writings that are available as e-books.

This entire bibliography is available in Zotero format via the Bavinck Institute Zotero Group. The URL below lists English translations below the Dutch ones.

Updated: 28 September 2016. This document is accessible at:

John Bolt, ed., The Bavinck Review, a peer-reviewed electronic journal published annually in the spring by the Bavinck Institute at Calvin Theological Seminary since 2010.

Members of the Society receive a complimentary subscription to the Review. Back issues are made freely available on the Institute web site six months after publication.

----------, ed. John Bolt, Reformed ethics: Created, fallen, and converted humanity. Grand Rapids MI: Baker Academic, May 2019.

Anonymous review:--


Information: Bolt brings forth a recently discovered manuscript from Bavinck, in print for the first time, which serves as a companion to Reformed Dogmatics. Reformed Ethics mines the moral teachings of the early church and medieval and Puritan spirituality while addressing a variety of topics, offering readers Bavinck's mature reflections on ethical issues. This book is the first of three planned volumes.

Herman Bavinck's Reformed Ethics—International Conference. September 18-20, 2019.

----------, The Christian Family. Transl. Nelson D. Kloosterman. Grand Rapids: Christian’s Library Press 2012 (188 pp.)

Information about:

Herman Bavinck, The Christian Family. Christians Library Press, November 8, 2012. 4 Amazon reviews.

----------. ed. John Bolt. Reformed Dogmatics Abridged in One Volume. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011. E-book edition, 2015.

Publishers: “This is a preview. The total pages displayed will be limited.” Yes, but a large chunk here is better than a mere listing. This document can be accessed at:

----------, Reformed Dogmatics, vol. 4. General Editor, John Bolt; Transl. John Vriend. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008. This is an incomplete preview of the book, which is better than none at all.

----------, The Certainty of Faith. Transl. Harry der Nederlander. St. Catharines, Ontario: Paideia Press, 1980.

--------. Trans. J. J. Lamberts, The Riddle of Life. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1958. Original title: Het raadel van ons leven. Kampen: Kok, n.d.

--------, transl. Geerhardus Vos c.s., The Philosophy of Revelation: The Stone Lectures for 1908-1909, Princeton Theological Seminary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1953. Also at Work info: Philosophy of Revelation - Christian Classics Ethereal Library (

In 1908�, Princeton Theological Seminary invited Herman Bavinck to deliver the renowned L.P. Stone Lectures. This volume contains these lectures, all of which concern theories of divine revelation. He details the importance of God's revealing himself in history, thought, nature, personal experience, and religious tradition, hoping to show that people cannot make sense of the world without acknowledging the divine revelation as foundational. The lectures remain relevant today, and give a more concise insight into early 20th century Reformed thought than some of Kuyper's and others' lengthier works. – Kathleen O'Bannon, CCEL Staff

Reviews, Discussion ...

----------, transl. A. A. Pfanstiehl, “Christ and Christianity.” The Biblical Review, I, 1916, pp. 214-236.

----------, “Calvin and Common Grace.” Princeton Theological Review, VII, 1904, pp. 437-465.

----------, transl. Benjamin B. Warfield. “Christological Movements in the Nineteenth Century.” Bibliotheca Sacra, LXVIII, 1911, pp. 381-404.

----------, “The Future of Calvinism.” The Presbyterian and Reformed Review, V, January 1894, pp. 1-24.

----------, transl. Geerhardus Vos, “Recent Dogmatic Thought in the Netherlands.” The Presbyterian and Reformed Review, III, April 1892, pp. 209-228.

Writings About Bavinck

John Bolt, “Classic Reformed Theology: Still Serving the Church,” The (second) Bavinck Conference: October 12-14, 2011. Forum of CTS, Spring 2012, p. 7.

Anonymous, “Herman Bavinck.” Wikipedia, n.d. Biography, career, publications.

Bavinck Reading & Study Group,

This group exists for those interested in reading through and discussing Bavinck's abridged "Reformed Dogmatics." Post questions, quotes, thoughts, etc., related to this work. Or just sit back and enjoy what others have to... See more

Derek Rishmawy, “Why You Should Read Bavinck.” The Gospel Coalition, December 26, 2014.

John Bolt, “Herman Bavinck as a Man of Science.” Carl F. H. Henry Center for Theological Understanding, January 30, 2018.

John Bolt, “Herman Bavinck: The Man and the Mind.” , September 24, 2015.

Anonymous, “Herman Bavinck: Uncluttered Collection of Writings from and about the Dutch Theologian.” Up to September, 2017. See also:

A.B. W.M. Kok, transl. Jan H. Boer, Herman Bavinck: Profile of a Reformational Pioneer., 2017. Original title: Dr. Herman Bavinck. Amsterdam: S. J. P. Bakker, 1945 (95 pp.).

Enne Koops, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Christiaan Snouck Hurgonje (1857-1936): Arabist and Islamist.” Trouw, November 28, 2017.

John Bolt, “Herman Bavinck Speaks English: A Bibliographic Essay.” Mid-America Journal of Theology, 19, 2008 (pp. 117-126). This document can be accessed at:

John Bolt, Bavinck on the Christian Life: Following Jesus in Faithful Service. Wheaton: Crossway, 2015. Cory Brock, Review of above in Calvin Theological Journal, April 2016, pp. 152-154.

"With the completed translation of Herman Bavinck's Reformed Dogmatics in the previous decade..., studies of the life and thought of Herman Bavinck have never garnered so much attention in the Anglophone world. Herman Bavinck's voice lives. He will be one of the post important theological interlocutors for Reformed theologians in the twenty-first century. In the last five years alone, various scholars have written monographs exploring Bavinck's dogmatic concepts and propositions. The most important of these focus on concepts that stand on the precipice between theology and philosophy...."

Todd Scacewater, interview with John Bolt about above book. Online “Books at a Glance,” February 23, 2016. Item can be accessed at:

Richard J. Mouw, “Neo-Calvinism: A Theology for the Global Church in the 21st Century”; (watch on Vimeo). Herman Bavinck Lecture delivered on June 1, 2015, at the Theological University (TU), Kampen, The Netherlands. Calvin Theological Journal, April 2016, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 7-19.

For these lectures scholars are invited who share Bavinck’s love for Reformed theology, are enthusiastic about his take on grace as a transforming force in both personal life, society and culture, and who in their academic work reflect his deep and catholic view on the Christian faith. They are asked to answer important questions in their lectures concerning the value of Reformed theology in a postmodern world for church and society.

You can find many articles about Bavinck in the following places:

Nicholas Wolterstorff, “The Apologetical Implications of Herman Bavinck's Theistic Proofs.” Accessed July 15, 2016. Published as "Herman Bavinck – Proto Reformed Epistemologist" in Calvin Theological Journal 45 (2010), pp. 133-146.

John Bolt, “The Imitation of Christ Theme in the Cultural-Ethical Ideal of Herman Bavinck,” summary of a dissertation. Anakainosis, Vol. 6, No. 2, n.d., n.p. This item can be accessed at:

--------, “Grand Rapids Between Kampen and Amsterdam: Herman Bavinck’s Reception and Influence in North America.” CTJ 38, 2003 (pp. 263-280). This article can be accessed at:

Jan Veenhof, transl. A. M. Wolters, “Nature and Grace in Bavinck,” extracted from Jan Veenhof, Revelatie en Inspiratie, pp. 345-365. Amsterdam: 1968. The Wolter translation – Toronto: ICS, n. d.

Cornelius Van Til, “Bavinck the Theologian, a Review Article.” Westminster Theological Journal, XXIV, 1, November 1961 (pp. 1-17).

Herman Dooyeweerd*

A picture of D. H. Th. Vollenhoven

Herman Dooyeweerd

Dooyeweerd's Writings*

Herman Dooyweerd, October 7, 1894-February 12, 1977, Amsterdam, was a professor of law and jurisprudence at the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam from 1926 to 1965. He was also a philosopher and principal founder of Reformational philosophy[1] with Dirk Vollenhoven[2], a significant development within the Neocalvinist (or Kuyperian) school of thought. Dooyeweerd made several contributions to philosophy and other academic disciplines concerning the nature of diversity and coherence in everyday experience, the transcendental conditions for theoretical thought, the relationship between religion, philosophy, and scientific theory, and an understanding of meaning, being, time and self. Dooyeweerd is most famous for his suite of fifteen aspects (or 'modalities', 'modal aspects', or 'modal law-spheres'), which are distinct ways in which reality exists, has meaning, is experienced, and occurs. This suite of aspects is finding application in practical analysis, research and teaching in such diverse fields as built environment, sustainability, agriculture, business, information systems and development. Danie Strauss, the editor of Dooyeweerd's Collected Works, has provided a systematic look at Dooyeweerd's philosophy here.

Dooyeweerd (7 de outubro de 1894, Amsterdam - 12 de fevereiro de 1977, Amesterdã) foi um holandês estudioso de formação jurídica, que, por vocação, foi um filósofo e um co-fundador da Philosophy Cosmonomic Idea[1] com Dirk Vollenhoven.[2] Dooyeweerd fez várias contribuições para a filosofia e outras áreas do pensamento teórico, inclusive sobre: a natureza da diversidade e coerência na experiência cotidiana, o transcendental das condições para o pensamento teórico, a relação entre religião e filosofia, e de um ponto de vista diferente do significado metafísico de, ser, tempo e do eu. Dooyeweerd é mais famoso por sua suíte de quinze aspectos (ou "lei esferas"), que são distintas maneiras pelas quais a realidade pode ser significativa e boa, e pode existir e acontecer. Este conjunto de aspectos é encontrar aplicação em análise prática, pesquisa e ensino em diversos campos como ambiente construído, sustentabilidade, agricultura, negócios, sistemas de informação e desenvolvimento. Danie Strauss, o editor da coleção de livros de Dooyeweerd, tem proporcionado uma visão sistemática da filosofia de Dooyeweerd aqui.

Herman Dooyeweerd 7th October 1894 – 12th February 1977: Dooyeweerd loved art and music and was an accomplished pianist, he enjoyed detective stories and was a supporter of Ajax, the famous Amsterdam football team, but it is not for these things that Dooyeweerd is remembered. He was the pioneer of the school of ‘the philosophy of the cosmonomic principle’ or more simply reformational philosophy.

Welcome to the The Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy. Ancaster, Ontario: Redeemer University College. The Centre is committed to making available in English the philosophical legacy of Dutch Christian philosopher, Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), and through this to promote philosophical work shaped by Christian beliefs. Its publication program is committed to ensuring that this legacy continues to exert influence in the intellectual world.

The Dooyeweerd Center -—Access this website for titles and descriptions of some of Dooyeweerd's work.

“Flashpoints in His Philosophy,” “The Collected Works of Herman Dooyeweerd,” a brochure from the Dooyeweerd Centre N.d.

The Dooyeweerd Center –—Access this website for titles and descriptions of some of Dooyeweerd's work.

He has been described as one of the foremost philosophers of the Netherlands. Dr. P.B. Cliteur, wrote in 1994: ‘Herman Dooyeweerd is undoubtedly the most formidable Dutch philosopher of the 20th century. ... As a humanist I have always looked at “my own tradition” in search for similar examples. They simply don't exist. Of course, humanists too wrote important books, but in the case of Herman Dooyeweerd we are justified in speaking about a philosopher of international repute.’

G.E. Langemeijer, attorney general of the Dutch Appeal Court and chairman of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences, wrote in the Trouw that Dooyeweerd was ‘the most original philosopher Holland has ever produced, even Spinoza not excepted’.

Giorgio Delvecchio, an Italian neo-Kantian philosopher, viewed Dooyeweerd as ‘the most profound, innovative, and penetrating philosopher since Kant’.

"Most impressive about Dooyeweerd are his universal interest, his multidisciplinary competence and his respect for empirical data. I know no philosopher who laboured so hard to understand the essence of all disciplines in the whole spectrum of scholarly endeavours nor one who contributed so fundamentally to their foundations, from theology, history, law and the social sciences to biology, physics and mathematics." Harry van der Laan, Astronomer, University of Leiden.

More recently philosopher Alvin Plantinga stated that “Dooyeweerd's work was comprehensive, insightful, profound, courageous, and quite properly influential.”.

The Dooyeweerd Pages is a growing website designed to aid scholars in understanding the philosophical framework of the late Herman Dooyeweerd -

Herman Dooyeweerd, gen. ed. D. M. F. Strauss, The Collected Words of Herman Dooyeweerd. Grand Rapids: 2012.

----------, transl. Robert D Knudson, ed. Alan M. Cameron, Encyclopedia of the Science of Law, vol. 1. Grand Rapids: 2012 (249 pp).

Rudi Hayward: “It's the New Critique in 240 pages.”

J. Glenn Friesen, “Dooyeweerd's Encyclopedia of the Science of Law: Problems with the Present Translation.” 2006 (56 pp.).

----------, “Herman Dooyeweerd and Reformational Philosophy,” Dooyeweerd's Collected Works.

"Flashpoints in His Philosophy," "The Collected Works of Herman Dooyeweerd," a brochure. Ancaster, Ontario, Canada: Redeemer University College, the Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy. N.d.

His bio and his autobiography. This and the above introduction are all available at:

Herman Dooyeweerd Bibliography – Hekman Library Dooyeweerd hard copy holdings.

Though this Online Library generally restricts itself to publications accessible digitally, anyone doing Dooyeweerd research should at least be aware of the publications in this bibliography. Perhaps she can locate digital editions elsewhere if they are not yet found on this digital library or else possibly arrange an inter-library loan.

Herman Dooyeweerd, A New Critique Of Theoretical Thought. Transl. David H. Freeman and William S. Young. 4 vols. Place: Paideia Press, 1984 (1230 pp.).

--------. Transl. M. Verbrugge; Ed. J. Witte Jr. A Christian Theory of Social Institutions. La Jolla CA: The Herman Dooyeweerd Foundation, 1986.

Steve Bishop, Dooyeweerd's A Christian Theory of Social Institutions - A Study Guide. The guide contains a detailed list of chapters as well as a review by Bruce C. Wearne. The document can be accessed at:

--------, “The Problem of the Relationship of Nature and Grace in the Calvinistic Law-Idea.” Anakainosis: A Journal of Reformational Thought, June 1979, pp. 13-15.

--------. Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular, and Christian Options. Transl. John Kraay; eds. Mark Vander Vennen and Bernard Zylstra. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1979.

--------. Trans. and eds. John N. Kraay and Bernard Zylstra. “Reconstruction and Reformation.” Toronto: Institute for Christian Studies, 1970 (20 pp.).

--------. In the Twilight of Western Thought: Studies in the Pretended Autonomy of Philosophical Thought. Philadelphia: The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1960 (195 pp.).

Paul Otto, “In the Twilight of Dooyeweerd's Corpus: The Publishing History of In The Twilight Of Western Thought and the Future of Dooyeweerd Studies.” Philosophia Reformata 70 (1), 2005 (pp. 23-40).

ABSTRACT: previous editions or to the original lectures, the nature of the lectures themselves, and what role Dooyeweerd had in bringing the lectures to publication or seeing them later revised. Some 45 years distant from the original publication, some of these questions can be answered, but not all. Nevertheless, they should not be ignored. For In the Twilight of Western Thought to be valuable in the present-day to readers interested in Dooyeweerd’s thought, what little can be established concerning the editorial process must be made known and the remaining uncertainties of its publication and revision history must be publicly established. Furthermore, differences between the editions must also be catalogued and made accessible to readers of his work. The purpose of this essay is to document the history of the lectures, their initial publication, and revisions. Secondly, this essay includes a catalog of the differences between the various editions. As the publishing history of In the Twilight of Western Thought makes evident, in order for the work of Herman Dooyeweerd to continue to have influence, his published and unpublished works must be carefully catalogued, their provenance clearly determined, and the publishing, translation, and revision history of each carefully delineated

Steve Bishop’s detailed information about Twilight can be accessed at:

Community Reviews of Twilight can be accessed at:

--------. Creation and Evolution. Orginally published in Dutch in Philosophia Reformata (PR), Vol. 24, 1959, pp. 113-159. Translation and separate translation authorized by the Editior-in-Chief of PR. The scanned mimeographed English version published by St. Catharines: Paideai Press, n.d. This document can be accessed at:

--------. “The Criteria of Progressive and Reactionary Tendencies in History.” In commemoration of the jubilee of one hundred and fifty years of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1958. This document can be accessed at:

--------. “Sociology of Law and Its Philosophical Foundations.” A stenciled lecture, n.p., n.d., but, according to footnotes, 1957 or later. This document can be accessed at:

Herman Dooyeweerd, The Secularization of Science (1954, 1966).

This essay was presented at the first congress of the International Association for Reformed Faith and Action, Montpellier, France, in 1953. The original French version, "La secularization de la science," was published in La Revue Reformee, V (1954), 138-157. This translation, with notes, was made by Dr. Robert D. Knudsen of Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, and first appeared in print in the International Reformed Bulletin, No. 26 (9th year), July 1966, pp. 2-17. The Knudsen Introduction, along with the Dooyeweerd article was also published in Memphis, USA: Christian Studies Center, 1954. The brief Boer Introduction is original on this website.

Jan H. Boer, "Introduction (1)"

Robert K. Knudsen, "Introduction (2)"

--------. “The Analogical Concepts.” Transl. Robert D. Knudsen. A typewritten lecture, n. p., n. d., but according to footnotes, 1953 or later (21 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

--------. “The Contest about the Concept of Sovereignty in Modern Jurisprudence and Political Science.” Rectorial adress, delivered on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Free University on 20 October, 1950 (15 pp.). This oration – considerably enlarged – was published in Dutch by J. H. Paris, Amsterdam: "De strijd om het souvereiniteitsbegrip in de moderne Rechts- en Staatsleer" (6² blz.). This document can be accessed at:

--------, trans. J. Glenn Friesen, “A Lay Person’s Thoughts on Richard Wagner and his Tristan.” Lewiston, NY: Mellen Press, 2016. Original: “Leekengedachten over Richard Wagner en zijn Tristan. In Opbouw: Maandschrift in dienst der Christelijke levens-en-wereldbeschouwing, van en voor jongeren (1914) 5-10; 66-68.

Jan Hoogland, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Appreciating Wagner with Decorum.” Original title: “Kun je met goed fatsoen van Wagner houden?” Sophie 3/2013, pp. 26-27.

“Herman Dooyeweerd: Available English-Language Writings Online.” “Reformatorische Wijsbegeerte,” November 3, 2009.

Contains an amazing wealth of information re. Reformational writings by Dooyeweerd and others that you absolutely must access.

--------. “Introduction to a Transcendental Criticism of Philosophic Thought.” A lecture delivered to French students at the Free University, Amsterdam, n.d. (7 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

--------. “The Theory of Man: Thirty two Propositions On Anthropology.” No bibliographical information. This document can be accessed at:

----------, “Kuyper’s Wetenschapsleer.” Philosophia Reformata, 1939, p. 13ff.

A translation of the title might be “Kuyper’s Epistemology.” I regret I do not know of any English translation and have neither the expertise nor the resources to translate or have it translated.

Stichting voor Christelijke Filosofie, “Online Catalogus 2.” This material can be accessed at:

Content: List of Reformational writings by Dooyeweerd and others.

Writings About Dooyeweerd*

Welcome to the The Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy

The Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy is committed to making available in English the works of Dutch Christian philosopher, Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), and through this to promote philosophical work shaped by Christian beliefs.


Steve Bishop, “Herman Dooyeweerd,” containing Dooyeweerd’s bio and bibliography.

--------, “Reformational Philosophy: An Introduction” (and bibliography), 2005-2017. Google Bishop’s name along with this title and you will find several websites along this line.

After a summary presentation of the earliest fathers of the philosophy, Bishop goes on to introduce its further development at the hands of Herman Dooyeweerd and Dirk Vollenhoven, the two rock star philosophers of the movement, some of whose contributions constitute the immediately following sections on this page.

Magnus Verbrugge, ed. John Witte, transl. J. Glenn Friesen, Interview of Herman Dooyeweerd. Interview date September 23, 1974; Translation date 2007. Lewiston NY: Mellen Press. (38 pp.)

Anonymous, “Herman Dooyeweerd.”

In addition to summarizing major points of Dooyeweerd’s philosophy, this article also contains important bibliographical data.

David B. Van Heemst, Herman Dooyeweerd and Eric Voegelin: A Comparative Study. New York: Mellen Press, 2005 (255 pp.). A brief summary of the comparison in IAPCHE’s Contact, September 2005, p. 15.

J. Glenn Friesen, “Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977).” An important introduction to Dooyeweerd, including references to a number of books and other documents.

--------, “List of My Articles about Dooyeweerd.”

J. Glenn Friesen, “Christian Nondualism.” Friesen’s setup is not altogether clear, but I believe that “Christian Nondualism” is meant to be the general name of his Reformational website. It is a very rich website with pages dedicated to some of the pioneers of the movement, including some surprising ones that Friesen considers contributors, as well as a few others that have piqued his interest for other reasons. Here’s the entire list: Herman Dooyeweerd, Franz Von Baader, Abhishiktananda, Ramana Maharshi, C. G. Jung, D. H. Th. Vollenhoven, Frederik Van Eeden, Mennonites – and a linked glossary as a bonus. As I read him, I conclude that he is a deep Reformational philosopher but somewhat off the mainstream track, a comment not to be understood negatively but pointing to his philosophical creativity.

The general name of his website is:

For his very useful and revealing self-introduction, including references to many works, go to

----------, “95 Theses on Herman Dooyeweerd.” N. d., n. p. (30 pp.).

----------and Jan H. Boer, “Friesen’s Reformational Critique of Reformationals,” a brief Friesen/Boer correspondence, 2018.

Gregory Baus, “Dooyeweerd’s Societal Sphere Sovereignty: Neither Tax-based nor Individualistic.” Originally written for Masters of Christian Studies in Science and Society, Faculty of Philosophy, Free University of Amsterdam, April 2017.

Lambert Zuidervaart, Religion, Truth, and Social Transformation: Essays in Reformational Philosophy. McGill-Queen's University Press. April 2016. The Publisher’s Overview can be accessed at:

Dean Dettloff, “A Ground Motive Symposium on Lambert Zuidervaart's Religion, Truth, and Social Transformation” held at ICS, January 18, 2016.

In April 2016, ICS Professor of Philosophy Lambert Zuidervaart's book, Religion, Truth, and Social Transformation: Essays in Reformational Philosophy, was published with McGill-Queen's University Press. To celebrate, Ground Motive hosted a blog symposium inviting a wide variety of authors to respond to the book essay by essay. At the end of the symposium, Dr. Zuidervaart provides a response to the event as a whole. Though the symposium is now over, we invite our readers to follow along and participate in this exciting conversation through the comment sections of each post. Below is a table of contents for the symposium, followed by the publisher's information about the book. Some of the essays are available in ICS's Institutional Repository and are linked.*

Additional information can be accessed at: AND

Table of Contents

Comment by the publisher of this website: It is only the chapters on Dooyeweerd that are featured here. The later Table of Contents can be accessed under the same title in the section Miscellaneous Reformational…. below on this page. This book is given such extensive coverage here because of its crucial place in the development of Reformational philosophy.

Introduction: Transforming Philosophy
A Living Philosophical Tradition of Redemptive Hope | Doug Blomberg It's Time for Reformational Philosophy | Neal DeRoo

1 The Great Turning Point: Religion and Rationality in Dooyeweerd’s Transcendental Critique (2004)
o Generative Problems or Dynamic Limits? Retrieving Dooyeweerd's Transcendental Critique of Theoretical Thought | Jazz Feyer Salo

2 Reformational Philosophy after Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven (2006)
o Criticism after Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven | Bob Sweetman

3 Dooyeweerd’s Conception of Truth: Exposition and Critique (2008)
o Spectres of Nature-Grace: On Dooyeweerd's "Religious Truth" | Josh Harris

4 Dooyeweerd’s Modal Theory: Questions in the Ontology of Science (1973)
o Dooyeweerd's Modal Theory: Hermeneutics in Action | Dan Rudisill

J. Glenn Friesen, Neo-Calvinism and Christian Theosophy: Franz von Baader, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Dooyeweerd. Calgary: Aevum Books, 2015. Abstract at:

For a 30-day free reading trial:

Andree Troost, What Is Reformational Philosophy: An Introduction to the Cosmonomic Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. St. Catharines ON: Paideia Press, 2012.

Fearghas MacFhionnlaighon, “Readable and recommended intro to Dooyeweerd.” September 25, 2012.

Bas Hengstmengel, Herman Dooyeweerd & Alvin Plantinga philosophy and rationality in the Reformed tradition. Masters thesis in philosophy at the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, April 2011.

This website references a wealth of reformational books.

Jonathan Chaplin – Herman Dooyeweerd: Christian Philosopher of State and Civil Society. University of Notre Notre Dame Press, 2011. Website: < >.

Excerpts of this book can be found at: AND at:

The website features the following items:
– Summary Descriptions
– Table of Contents
– About Author
– Excerpt

J. Glenn Friesen, Review Of Jonathan Chaplin: Herman Dooyeweerd: Christian Philosopher Of State And Civil Society.

Marcel E. Verburg, transl. Herbert Donald Morton and Harry Van Dyke, Herman Dooyeweerd: The Life and Work of a Christian Philosopher. Minimal Publishers’ information at: AND at

Robert Knudsen, Roots and Branches: The Quest For Meaning And Truth In Modern Thought. Paideia Press, 2009 (380 pp.). See also

Roots and Branches is a broad-ranging collection of writings that analyses the philosophical foundations of a number of crucial movements, ideas and writers of the twentieth century including Rudolph Bultman, Nicolas Berdyaev, Karl Jaspers, and a four part series on Paul Tillich. The final section of the book is devoted to four articles that expertly address the work of Herman Dooyeweerd.


"Transcendental Method in Dooyeweerd," in Anakainosis. 1/3, April, 1979, 2-8.

"The Religious Foundation of Dooyeweerd's Transcendental Method," in Contemporary Reflections on the Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. D.F.M. Strauss and Michelle Botting, editors. Lewiston, Queenston, Lampter: Edwin Mellen Press, 2000, 271-285.

"Dooyeweerd's Philosophical Method," mimeographed lecture delivered at Annual Philosophy Conference, Wheaton College, Wheaton, IL, Oct. 13, 1962.

"Philosophia Reformanda: The Idea of Christian Scientific Endeavor in the Thought of Herman Dooyeweerd," in Reflections on the Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. Mimeographed text, Westminster Theological Seminary, 1968.

Yong-Joon Choi, Dialogue and Antithesis: A Philosophical Study on the Significance of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Transcendental Critique. Hermit Kingdom Studies in History and Religion, Vol. 2. Cheltenham and Seoul: Hermit Kingdom Press, 2006. , a preview.

Sander Griffioen and Bert M. Balk, eds. Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century: Assessment and Perspective. Kampen, The Netherlands: Uitgeverij Kok, 1995 (225 pp.). This book can be accessed at:

Magnus Verbrugge, “The Herman Dooyeweerd Foundation” – a report. Philosophia Reformata, 1987 No. 1, pp. 86-88. The journal can be accessed at:

C. T. McIntire, The Legacy of Herman Dooyeweerd: Reflections on Critical Philosophy in the Christian Tradition. University Press of America, 1985 (198 pp.). URL:

Presents the first critical study by a team of scholars of the philosophy of renowned Dutch philosopher and legal theorist, Herman Dooyeweerd. The six contributors interpret the basis of Dooyeweerd's thought which was to view the character of the world from the perspective of Christian religion. This volume examines Dooyeweerd's contributions to the fields of philosophy, religious studies and theology, history, aesthetics, and political and social theory. Co-published with the Institute for Christian Studies.

Peter J. Steen, “The Structure of Herman Dooyeweerd's Thought,” a dissertation presented to Westminster Theological Seminary in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Theology. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1983.

Klapwijk, Jacob, “The Struggle for a Christian Philosophy: Another Look at Dooyeweerd,” The Reformed Journal 30/2, pp. 12-15 and 30/3, pp. 20-24, 1980. This article can be accessed at:

H. Evan Runner, “Dooyeweerd’s Passing: An Appreciation.” The Banner, April 22, 1977, pp. 21-23.

E. L. Hebden Taylor, The Christian philosophy of Law, Politics and the State: A Study of the Political and Legal Thought of Herman Dooyeweerd of the Free University of Amsterdam, Holland, as the Basis for Christian Action in the English-Speaking World. Nutley NJ: The Craig Press, 1966 (653 pp.). This book is accessible at:

David H. Freeman, Review of the above. The Banner, April 19, 1968. This document can be accessed at:

G. Puchinger, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Dr. Herman Dooyeweerd.” In Perspectief: Feestbundel van de jongeren bij het vijfentwintig jarig bestaan van de vereniging voor Calvinistische wijsbegeerte. Kampen: J. H. Kok, 1961 (pp. 43-70).

Dirk H. Th. Vollenhoven*

A picture of D. H. Th. Vollenhoven

Anonymous, Wikipedia—Dirk Hendrik Theodoor Vollenhoven (November 1, 1892-June 6, 1978), “Life, History and Early Work.”

Anthony Tol, Philosophy in the Making: D.H.Th. Vollenhoven and the Emergence of Reformed Philosophy, together with the text-critical edition of his chief systematic contribution, Isagôgè Philosophiae 1930-1945, namely D.H.Th. Vollenhoven Isagôgè Philosophiae 1930-1945 tekstkritische uitgave Filosofie in de traditie van de Reformatie Gebaseerd op een door de auteur bewerkt exemplaar gedateerd 1945 Redactie, met inleiding, wetenschappelijk apparaat en tekstverantwoording. Doctoral dissertation, Free University, Amsterdam, probably about 2000? This book can be accessed at:

Steve Bishop, “Dirk Hendrik Theodoor Vollenhoven(1892-1978),” a subsection in

Albert Wolters, “On Vollenhoven's problem-historical method.” An excerpt from Wolter's masters thesis “An essay on the idea of the problemgeschichte”, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, 1970. Also in John Kraay and Anthony Tol, eds, Hearing and doing: Philosophical essays dedicated to H. Evan Runner. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1979 (pp. 231-262).

Dirk H. Th. Vollenhoven, trans. Robert Sweetman, “De Consequent Probleem-Historische Methode.” Philosophia Reformata 26, 1961 (pp. 1-34).

Dirk H. Th. Vollenhoven, “Faith: Its Nature and Structure, and Its Significance for Science.” Remarks made at the Student Conference on Faith, Science and the Scientist in Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1950. This is a provisional translation of an address originally published in Geloof en Wetenschap: Levensbeschouwing en levenshouding van de academicus. Utrecht-Nijmegen: N.V. Dekker & Van de Vegt, 1950 (6 pp.).

H. Evan Runner*

– Introduction

Professor Runner is to be credited mostly with introducing Reformational theory and practice into the English-speaking world by rescuing it from the confines of a little-known language, Dutch. From him it has spread throughout North America and from there throughout many other countries. The writings in this section are all Runner’s and therefore his name does in appear at the beginning of each item. A place to begin with Runner is:

You will find archives there with much information about Runner’s work, history (including the (in)famous Groen Club at Calvin College), every kind of resources and lectures. This is THE place, THE introduction. Go there.

Walking In The Way of The Word: The Collected Writings of H. Evan Runner. Volume Two, 1994 (336 pp.) ISBN 978-0-8881.

For a general Wikipedia article go to:

Walking In The Way of The Word is the second of two volumes that will bring all the various writings, both published and unpublished, of Prof. Runner together in a two volume set. The two volumes together amount to almost one thousand pages of text. Volume two is a republication of all the lectures from the Christian Perspective series from 1959 to 1961 that have been published already in various forms. These lectures will be an invaluable resource for beginning students and seasoned faculty member alike given the broad range of topics addressed. Volume one represents the collected lectures, speeches, and papers, from 1940 to 1994 and contains 632 pages of text.

--------, “The Christian Philosophical Enterprise in the Light of Biblical Prophecy,” Speech for the Second International Symposium sponsored by the Association for Calvinistic Philosophy held at Zeist, The Netherlands August 23-27, 1982. This lecture can be accessed at:

Al Wolters, “The Importance of H. Evan Runner.” Comment Magazine, August 29, 2011. Originally published in 2003.

Theodore Plantinga, “H. Evan Runner: Man of Passion – Man of Conviction.” Myodicy, Issue 17, December 2002.

Wikipedia, “H. Evan Runner.” His history, career, writings and writings about him.

Harry Van Dyke, “H. Evan Runner and the Groen Club.” Comment, Fall 2005.

Henry Vander Goot, ed. Life Is Religion, Festschrift. St. Catharines ON, Paideia Publishing, 1981. This book is accessible at:

H. Evan Runner, “On Being Anti-Revolutionary and Christian-Historical at the Cutting Edge of History 1979-1980.” An address given to the Centennial Celebration of the founding of the Anti-Revolutionary Party at Amsterdam, on April 3, 1979.

--------, “Radical Christian Facing Today's Political Malaise.” The first lecture of the series, "Politics: Beyond the Ballot Box," Sponsored by Students for Political Education through Christian Thought and Renewing Action (SPECTRA) Grand Rapids, Michigan. October 25, 1972 (22 pp.).

“Christianity and Humanism: A Re-thinking of the Supposed Affinity of Their Fundamental Principles.” Distributed by AACS, Toronto, 1968.

H. Evan Runner, “Point Counter Point,” Address delivered at the founding of the Institute for Christian Studies (ICS), Toronto, October 7, 1967 (15 pp.).

Christian Perspective Series

These should be available in Walking In The Way of The Word: The Collected Writings of H. Evan Runner. See above. They were (to be?) published by – Toronto: Association for Reformed Scientific Studies that later morphed into the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto.

Christian Perspectives 1960. This volume contains the following Runner lectures:

“The Relation of the Bible to Science.”

“The Relation of the Bible to Learning.”

Christian Perspectives 1961. This volume contains the following Runner lectures:

“Scientific and Pre-Scientific”

“Sphere Sovereignty”

These lectures were republished in 1970 in The Relation of the Bible to Learning. See below.

The Relation of the Bible to Learning. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1970 (Paideia; ST). This lecture was originally published in Christian Perspectives, 1960 – see above.

Rousas John Rushdoony, “H. Evan Runner 1916-2002,” Westminster Theological Journal 24 (1) (November 1961): m106-109. Review of Christian perspectives 1960, Pella Iowa, Pella Publishing 1960. Viii, 159.

Bernard Zylstra, “Preface to Runner: Introducing The Relation of the Bible to Learning.” Jordan Station Ontario, Canada: Paideia Press, 1981.

Scriptural Religion and Political Task. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1974 (Paideia; ST). This lecture series was originally published in Christian Perspectives 1962 – see above.

H. Evan Runner, Groen Van Prinsterer Club – 10th Anniversary, Grand Rapids: Groen Club at Calvin College, 1963 (a brochure). Republished online – Myodicy, June 2004. This document can be accessed at:

“The Christian and the World.” Torch & Trumpet, 1955.

--------, “The Development of Calvinism in North America on the Background of its Development in Europe.” N.d., n.p.

Robert Sweetman, “H. Even Runner: In Memoriam.” Perspective, newsletter of the ICS, June 2002. This document can be accessed at:

John Hultink, ed., “Runner Remembered 1916-2002.” Christian Renewal, special supplement, March 10, 2003. On pp. 30-31, there is reference to many lectures and articles by Runner.

John Witte of Emory University and Charles W. Colson of Prison Fellowship Ministries, “Letters of Condolence.” Christian Renewal, March 10, 2003.

S. G. De Graaf, transl. H. Evan Runner and Elisabeth Wichers Runner, Promise & Deliverance, Vols. 1-4, St. Catharines ON Canada: Paideia Press, 1978.

Bennie J. Van der Walt*

Can a Christian be a philosopher or a philosopher a Christian? Professor Van der Walt has proven this is possible.” —Desmond M. Tutu.

If you have read the Boeriana and Islamica pages of this website, you will have noticed the strong emphasis on Africa in general, but especially on Nigeria. The reason for that emphasis is that Boer, the original creator of this website, spent most of his professional life in Nigeria, while much of his writings are about Nigeria.

Classifying Van der Walt as a Reformational pioneer is in keeping with the above emphasis. Though Boer (myself) has done much to apply Reformational insights to Nigeria as a missionary, Van der Walt has written a dozen or so tomes applying those insights to Africa as a professional philosopher. He deserves to be included among the pioneers of the movement.

----------, Thomas Aquinas and the Neo-Thomist tradition: A Christian-philosophical assessment. Potchefstroom: The Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2017.

----------, More Precious than Gold: Discovering the Real Wealth of Scripture. The Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2015 (294 pp.).

----------, “Six powerful contemporary tendencies secularizing Christian Higher education.” Journal of Christian Scholarship, 2015, 1st quarter (pp. 47-76).

----------, “Economism and Managerialism: Hidden Ideologies behind the Secularization of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education.” Journal for Christian Scholarship, 2014, 4th quarter (pp. 19-41).

----------, “How and Why the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education Became a Secular Institution.” Journal for Christian Scholarship, 2014, 3rd quarter (pp. 13-48).

----------, “The Growing Worldwide Movement for Christian Higher Education.” Journal for Christian Scholarship, 2014, 2nd quarter (pp. 173-210).

----------, Constancy and Change: Historical Types and Trends in the Passion of the Western Mind. Postchefstroom: The Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2014 (156 pp.).

----------, At the Cradle of a Christian Philosophy in Calvin, Vollenhoven, Stoker, Dooyeweerd. Potschefstroom: The Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2014 (196 pp.).

----------, “Flying on the Wings of Vollenhoven’s Radical Christian Worldview: A Reconsideration of the Usual Typology of Christian Worldviews.” Koers – Bulletin for Christian Scholarship 77(1), 2012 (14 pp.).

----------, “Flagging Philosophical Minefields at the Synod of Dordt (1618-1619) – Reformed Scholasticism Reconsidered.” Koers, (3) 2011 (pp. 505-538).

----------, “An Evangelical Voice in Africa: The Worldview Background of the theology of Tokunboh Adeyemo (October 1, 1944 – March 17, 2010).” In die Skriflig, (4) 2011 (pp. 919-956).

----------, At Home in God’s World: A Transforming Paradigm for Being Human and for Social Involvement. Potschefstroom: The Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2010 (574 pp.).

----------, Philosophical and theological influences in John Calvin’s thought: Reviewing some research results. In die Skriflig 44, Supplement 3, 2010, pp. 105-127.

----------, “The Unique Nature of the Bible and How to Read it: A Reformational-Philosophical Reflection.” Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, (3 and 4) 2008 (pp. 59-87).

----------, The Eye Is the Lamp of the Body: Worldviews and Their Impact. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2008 (318 pp.).

----------, Understanding and Rebuilding Africa: From Desperation Today Towards Expectation for Tomorrow. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2008 (576 pp.).

----------, Transforming Power: Challenging Contemporary Secular Society. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2007 (466 pp.).

----------, “Growing Together in Faith – How Can It Be Understood Theoretically and Be Achieved Practically?” Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, (3 and 4) 2005 (pp. 141-167).

----------, “Morality in Africa: Yesterday and Today – The Reasons for the Contemporary Crisis.” In die Skriflig, (1) 2003 (pp. 51-71).

----------, “Culture, World View and Religion.” Philosophia Reformata, 66 (1) 2001, pp. 23-38.

----------, Afrocentric or Eurocentric: Our Task in a Multicultural South Africa. Potchefstroom: The Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 1997 (202 pp.).

----------, ed., Christianity and Democracy in South Africa: Christian responsibility for Political Reflection and Service. Table of Contents, Preface, Introduction, About the book. Potchefstroom: Portchefstroomse Universiteit for Christian Higher Education, 1996.

----------, Leaders with a Vision: How Christian Leadership Can Tackle the African Crisis. Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christlike Hoer Onderwys, 1995.

----------, The Liberating Message: A Christian Worldview for Africa. Potchefstroom: The Institute for Reformational Studies, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1994 (625 pp.).

----------, “The Crying Need for a Christian Worldview and a Christian Philosophy in Africa.” Orientation, 1994 (pp. 162-207).

----------, “The Tyranny of the Neo-Capitalist Free Market Economy: In the Grip of the Most Dangerous Ideology?” Eds., Laetus O. K. Lategan and Kobus Smit, The Landscape: For Ideologies in South African Higher Education – Context and Contents. Technikon Free State, 1999 (pp. 17-28).

----------, “Outline of the Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism.” Koers, Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, October 1974 (first edition), pp. 311-317.

----------, “Sharing an Integral Christian Worldview with a Younger Generation: Why and How Should It Be Done and Received?” 2016. The author sent the article without further bibliographical information.

Isaac N. Mutua, A Critical Engagement with B. J. Van Der Walt’s Reformational Approach Towards African Culture And World View. Dissertation submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Arts in Philosophy at the Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, South Africa, 2014.

Yusufu Turaki, “Professor Bennie van der Walt: A Bridge between White Afrikaners and Black Africans.” In Michael Heyns et al, eds., Scholarship in the Light of the Morning Star: Essays Dedicated to Barend Johannes (Bennie) van der Walt (Festschrift). Special edition of Koers:Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, 2010, No. 1, volume 75, pp. 33-52.

Scholarship in the Light of the Morning Star: Essays Dedicated to Barend Johannes (Bennie) van der Walt. Koers: Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, Vol. 75, No. 1, 2010 (392 pp.).

Steve Bishop, ed., Like the First Gleam of Dawn: Reformational Studies – A Bennie van der Walt Reader. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa, 2011 (616 pp.).

----------, “Interview with Bennie van der Walt.” In Michael Heyns et al, eds., Scholarship in the Light of the Morning Star: Essays Dedicated to Barend Johannes (Bennie) van der Walt (Festschrift). Special edition of Koers:Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, 2010, No. 1, volume 75, pp. xli-lxiix.

----------, ed. and compiler, “Reformational Studies: An Annotated Bibliography of B. J. van der Walt.” Bristol, UK: All of Life Redeemed (online), February 2009.

----------, The Bible as Eye-opener on the Position of Women. Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1988.

Peter Turkstra Library: Reformational Philosophy. Redeemer University.

This website contains almost the entire world of Reformational philosophy, past and present, especially its major authors.



David S. Dockery, A Bibliography for the Integration of Faith and Learning. Union University, fall 2007 (36 pp.). FaithLearnBooklet_Fa07.indd (

An amazing bibliography covering all the academic disciplines imaginable. Evangelical in tone but with a generous sprinkling of the Reformational tradition. However, unlike the < > which you are reading right now, Dockery's does not have the many links featured on this website. Nevertheless, Dockery has bequeathed us an almost complete library that anyone pursuing a Christian worldview related to any discipline cannot afford to ignore. Thank you, President Dockery.

Wikipedia: WikiProjectChristianity.” From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Greetings! WikiProject Christianity was formed in 2006 to better organize information in articles related to Christianity. This page and its sub-pages contain links and information about the project. This project's goal is to help focus and coordinate the efforts of Wikipedians on Christianity related topics, and increase article quality and coverage.

As a group, we do not prefer any particular tradition or denomination of Christianity, but endeavor that all Christian traditions are fairly and accurately represented. The project now includes a wide range of articles on multiple denominations.

AOSIS. Capetown, South Africa. < >.

We unlock African knowledge for the world. Our services include publishing open access scholarly journals and books, developing customised eLearning Moodle platforms, developing impactful course content, and offering online Continuing Professional Development activities/courses. Many scholarly PDF publications

Danny McCain

McCain, “The McCain Celebration of 30 Years in Nigeria,” University of Jos, September 9-10, 2018.

This is a report about the celebration of Prof. Danny and Mary McCain’s 30th anniversary of a remarkable and ongoing academic missionary career in Nigeria. It is placed here not only because of their unique ministry but also because Danny is the founder of Global Scholars, the organization that has adopted this Online Reformational Academic Library from its founder and his friend, Dr. Jan H. Boer, another Nigeria missionary of 30 years in-country and another 20+ years serving Nigeria from his North America perch.

----------, “Dramatic Language: The Underappreciated Genre of Biblical Literature.” Lecture presented as the 87th Inaugural Lecture at the University of Jos Lecture Series, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria, on 10th September, 2018.

----------, “Beyond Integration: A Higher Standard for Seeing God’s Truth in All Things.” Lecture presented at the Hillcrest Christian Educator’s Conference at Hillcrest School, Jos, Nigeria, on February 3, 2018.

----------, “Pentecostals and Others: Challenging and Learning from Each OtherAfrican Journal of Evangelical Theology, Volume 31. 2. 2012.

----------, “Christian Religious Extremism, Radicalization and Militancy in Northern Nigeria.” Lecture presented to the Centre for Peace Initiative and Development, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria, on 12th October, 2011. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

----------, “Developing Evangelical Christian Theology in Africa.” Lecture presented to the Theological Education in Africa (TEA) Conference, at the Nigerian Bible Translation Trust (NBTT), Jos, Nigeria, on 25th May, 2009. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

----------, “Theological Education for a Mature African Church.” Lecture presented at the 50th Year Anniversary Celebration of the Theological College of Northern Nigeria (TCNN), Bukuru, Jos, Nigeria, February 13, 2009. See Jan H. Boer, Christians and Muslims: Parameters for Living Together. Vol. 8-2 of Studies in Christian Muslim Relations. Belleville ON, Canada: Essence Publishing, 2009. Appendix 99.

----------, “Beyond the Centre: A Focus on the Broader Issues in Theological Education.” A lecture present at the Theological Education in Africa Conference, University of Jos, Nigeria, on 6th June, 2008. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

----------, “Personal Report on the Africa Forum on Religion and Governance,” August 2, 2006.

----------, “The Church in Africa in the 21st Century.” Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2000 (pp. 105-130).

----------, “Violence and Peace Understood in Light of Biblical Progressive Revelation.” Department of Religions and Philosophy, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria. N. d.

End of McCain Section

Yusufu Turaki

The following publications are all by Prof. Yusufu Turaki of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Many are published as ebooks and those with ** at the front are published by the Yusufu Turaki Foundation and Publishing. Each has its own website.

Yusufu Turaki is a Professor of Theology and Social Ethics. He teaches theology and Social Ethics at the Jos ECWA Theological Seminary (JETS) since 1980. He studied Theology at Igbaja Theological Seminary, Nigeria (Th.B.); Theology and Ethics at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, USA (MATS); and Social Ethics at Boston University, USA (Ph.D.). He was a Research Scholar with the Research Enablement Program sponsored by the PEW Charitable Trusts and administered by the Overseas Ministry Study Center, New Haven, Connecticut, USA and a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at Yale Divinity School, Yale University, USA. He is currently the Regional Director of the International Bible Society Nigeria.

--------, The British colonial legacy in Northern Nigeria: A social ethical analysis of the colonial and post-colonial society and politics in Nigeria. Revised edition, 2019.

A highly respected Christian leader and social philosopher, Dr. Yusufu Turaki, has in this Book, provided a brilliant anatomy and analysis of Colonial Legacy in post-colonial Nigeria. It is a "must read" book not only to academic readership but also to policy makers and the clergy as well. For, this great work, from the heart of a social ethicist and theologian, has eloquently utilized great insights from many scholars and disciplines analysing Nigeria's socio-political and moral predicaments.

        In summary, the author clearly asserts that (1) It is not possible for us to have proper grasp of the nature of political events, trends and patterns in Nigeria today without understanding her colonial legacies, (2) it is not possible for us to solve contemporary socio-political problems in Nigeria without correcting the inherited colonial structures and redressing the injustices generated by these colonial legacies of post-colonial Nigeria. We must do so by using the principles of Justice, Equality, Freedom and Equity in socio-political relationships and in the distribution of resources for the benefit of all.

**--------, The Unique Christ for Salvation: The Challenge of the Non-Christian Religions and Cultures. Revised ebook edition 2019. Price $9.99.

--------, Tainted Legacy: Islam, Colonialism and Slavery in Northern Nigeria. With a foreword by Patrick Sookhdeo of BarnabasAid. Revised edition in Epub. Yusufu Turaki Foundation and Publishing, 2019. $2.99.

--------, The Ugly Face of Corruption in Nigeria: Is there a Way out? $5.99.

--------, Foundations of African Traditional Religion and Worldview. A selective preview in Epub. UK: Word Alive, January 5, 2009. ISBN #9966 805 82 6. WHERE TO FIND THIS BOOK: Publisher: Word Alive; ISBN #9966 805 82 6;

**--------, revised edition 2019 in epub. Price $ 8.99.

**--------, The trinity of sin and response of the Triune Godrevised edition 2019 a revised expanded version of the 2012 version, 2019. An ebook. Price $9.99.

**--------, Universal moral laws: Creational and theistic foundations of morality and ethics An ebook. Price $9.99.

**--------, Christianity and African Traditional Religion and worldview: A theological method of engagement and interaction with religions and worldviews. Revised and expanded edition, 2019. Price $9.99.

--------, “The making of the Nigerian state.” Lecture delivered at Stefanos Foundation Prayer Summit , Jos, Nigeria on June 29, 2018.

--------, “Myself, my people, and my land.” Public lecture delivered at the Unity Forum of Ethnic Nationalities of Nasarawa State (UFENNS) in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, January 23, 2018. Reported in Independent of January 23, 2018.

--------, “African Traditional Religious system as basis of understanding Christian spiritual warfare.” Lecture presented in the context of the Lausanne Movement, n.d., n.p.

--------, “Professor Bennie van der Walt: A Bridge between White Afrikaners and Black Africans.” In Michael Heyns et al, eds., Scholarship in the Light of the Morning Star: Essays Dedicated to Barend Johannes (Bennie) van der Walt (Festschrift). Special edition of Koers: Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, 2010, No. 1, volume 75, pp. 33-52.

--------, “African Christianity in Global Religious and Cultural Conflict.” Evangelical Review of Theology, Vol. 31, Issue 2, April 2007, pp. 127-139.

ABSTRACT: “The West is not only waging a contemporary war against militant Islamists, but historically and ironically, it has been waging a religious war principally against Christianity and its own ethnocentrism. It is important that we examine this theological implication for world Christianity as a result of the decline of western Christianity; western rebellion against Christianity; and the revival of neopaganism in the West.”
The above partial abstract comes from:



He has been described as a "towering figure" in the Kuyperian Neo-Calvinist pantheon.[2]

----------, Bibliography by Steve Bishop, "Al Wolters Page," a rich source of Reformational literature, including coverage of Reformational pioneers and others.

Many references to Wolters' writings and writings about him–

----------, Creation Regained: A transforming view of the world. AND Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.

In this brief and straightforward examination of Christians' basic beliefs, Albert M. Wolters spells out the structure of a reformational worldview and its significance for those who seek to follow the Scriptures. Wolters begins by defining the nature and scope of a worldview, distinguishing it from philosophy or theology, and noting that the Christian community has advanced a variety of worldviews. He then outlines a Reformed analysis of the three fundamental turning points in human history – Creation, the Fall, and Redemption – concluding that while the Fall might reach into every corner of the world, Christians are called to participate in Christ's redemption of all creation.

Translations of the book in Dutch, Japanese, Afrikaans, Korean, Slovak, Russian, Portuguese, while it was republished in the UK both in 1986 and 1996. See the bibliographical list at:

Nicholas Wolterstorff: "This is the best statement I have come across of the 'Reformational' Christian worldview. It is lucidly written, includes a lot of helpful analogies and illustrations, and is throughout generous in its spirit."

Heidi De Jonge and Ken Herfst, review of Albert M. Wolters, Creation Regained: A Transforming View of the World. Cardus' Comment, April 23, 2015.

McIlhenny, Ryan (2009). "A Third-Way Reformed Approach to Christ and Culture: Appropriating Kuyperian neocalvinism and the Two Kingdoms Perspective" (PDF). MAJT. 20: 82.

Stories about the book:

Brian Dijkema, Interview with Author Al Wolters

Part I-April 16, 2015.

Part II-April 23, 2015.

Peter Schuurman, "The lucky son of a barber-philosopher: The serendipity of Al Wolters' worldview— An anniversary reflection." Review of Wolters' Creation regained. CC, January 11, 2021, p. 8.

Al Wolters, "Theses on 'Word of God.'" Anakainosis, Vol. 6, No. 3, March 1984 (3 pp.).

----------, "Ground-Motive." Anakainosis, Vol. 6, No. 1, September 1983 (4 pp.).

----------, "Rank and Worth." Anakainosis, Vol. 5, No. 4, June 1983 (2 pp.).


Books by Richard Mouw, a popular Reformational writer-from Thrift Books: “

----------, “From Kuyper to Keller: Why Princeton’s Prize Controversy Is So Ironic: A former winner explains how the seminary honor that once brought the Reformed Community together is now splitting it.” CT, March 27, 2017.

----------. Called to the Life of the Mind: Some Advice for Evangelical Scholars. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014.

Reviewed by Robert Covolo at:, pp. 188-189.

Reviewed by Forrest H. Buckner, The Two Cities, May 23, 2013, at:

Reviewed by Danny Akin, May 1, 2015, at:

----------, “It's time for charismatic Calvinism: Tapping a hidden strength in our tradition.” The Banner, May 25, 1998, pp. 18-19.

For a complementary article on this subject, go to the Kuyperiana page of this website and find:

Jan H. Boer, “The Role of the Holy Spirit in Structural Transformation According to Abraham Kuyper: 29 Propositions.” Lecture delivered to Reformed Spirituality Network, Hope College, Holland, MI. 1999.

----------, Consulting the Faithful: What Christian Intellectuals Can Learn from Popular Religion. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994 (84 pp.). For reviews go to:

----------, “Dutch Calvinist Philosophical Influences in North America.” Calvin Theological Journal, April 1989, pp. 93-120. The article can be accessed at: – p. 206ff



Institute for Christian Impact, Hephzibah Christian Centre, Peduase, E. E., Ghana.

The Institute for Christian Impact (ICI) exists to mentor and equip leaders to meet the needs and challenges of the growing Church in Africa and to meaningfully bear effective witness by integrating Faith and Life.

The Mission of the Institute is to equip younger generation of Christian leaders in Africa to bridge the gap between faith and life by bringing their faith and the Lordship of Christ to bear on all spheres of life.

Institute for Christian Studies (ICS), Toronto. The North American centre of Reformational “graduate education, research and community service since 1967.” A must-go-to for any Reformational research.

Institutional Repository of the Institute for Christian Studies (ICS), Toronto.

The ICS Library welcomes you to our Institutional Repository, where you can explore our digital collections.

The repository facilitates access to our research, creative works, and publications by collecting, sharing and archiving content selected and deposited by our faculty, graduate students and staff.

Faculty, graduate students and staff can use the institutional repository to set up collections and deposit content into the collection. To inquire about establishing a new collection, please contact us at

Thank you for visiting the ICS Repository! ICS is a private graduate school that receives 80% of its funding from generous donors. A donation of any amount will help to ensure the repository continues to be available and grow.

ICS, Ground Motive: Dialogue at the intersection of philosophy, religion and social ethics.

Hendrik Hart, "From Henk's Archives."

Jan H. Boer, a postscript:

Hart tells us of the respect, admiration and amazement Canadian universities express for that little pigmy called Institute for Christian Studies for the high quality of the publications and theses ICS faculty and graduates produce. As a missionary-scholar in Nigeria, I have received similar reactions from Nigerians and others. I refer you to Section 2 of the BOERIANA page of this website. Nigerians have asked me about the reason for what they describe as my unusually successful missionary ministry. The reason is the same as the one described by Hart in the above paragraphs. My wife and I have been motivated by the same wholistic ministry that has inspired the ICS faculty and students: a wholistic Gospel that underlies all of its endeavours and that forcefully rejects the dualism or separation between religion and culture. This wholistic approach has such wide and powerful ramifications for both scholarship and mission and, indeed, life itself, that time and again it evokes the admiration and amazement referred to above and leads to logical conclusions that its opponents can only reject on basis of their unproven worldview, beliefs or plain prejudices, but not on basis of logic or reason. Hence, my wife and I have also decided on a large gift to the ICS out of gratitude for the powerful Biblical Reformational perspective that we have inherited from the Reformational community at large, especially from the late Professor H. Evan Runner, and that has guided us throughout our Nigeria years as well as our post-Nigeria writings, including this very website.

Ronald A. Kuipers with Hendrik Hart, "Why did I make a $100,000 end-of-life donation to ICS?" ICS E-Newsletter, October 2020.

Jim Olthuis, “In memoriam: Hendrik Hart.” ICS E-Newsletter, April 2021.

Research Portal of the Institute for Christian Studies (ICS), Toronto.

ICS research activities inform policy-makers, educators, citizens and leaders. The Research Portal is where we present and archive events and works by ICS faculty and emeriti in an easily accessed way. For a more comprehensive view into ICS scholarship please also visit our Institutional Repository. The repository represents a wider range of works, including MA and PhD theses by ICS students, conference papers, essays, journal articles, newsletter archives, and more.

To find particular kinds of things in this portal, just click on one of the menu buttons at the top or one of the items in the side bar. You will be presented with a list of all applicable articles starting with the most recent one.

To merely view all entries starting with the most recent one, go to

Summer courses at ICS–list and description of years of summer courses and how to enroll as auditor or for credit. During covid, offered virtually for anywhere. Summer Courses - Institute for Christian Studies Official Website (

Joshua Harris, “A Home for Sojourners: 50 Years for the Institute for Christian Studies” (ICS). CC, October 23 2017, p. 11.

Mark Novak, “My Wish for ICS.” Institute for Christian Studies Perspectives, Fall 2018, p. 9.

Ronald A. Kuipers, “Something We Don’t See: ICS and the Training of a Messianic Imagination.” Presidential inaugural address at the Institute for Christian Studies (ICS), Toronto, May 11, 2018. and

Ran Rudisill, “The lonely Vollenhovian: Exploring the intersections between Reformational Philosophy and science,” a blog at

I am a PhD Junior Member in Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies in Toronto, Canada. I am passionate about Reformational philosophy and its potential to have a wide-ranging impact on all spheres of theoretical thought and human life, but most particularly (right now) in how it can impact philosophy of science and contribute fruitfully to the current science-religion debate.

This blog is designed to be both a place for me to share my ideas but also hopefully a forum where broader discussions about Reformational philosophy can take place. I look forward to your comments, questions, and criticisms.

Cardus, Hamilton, Ontario — “a North American public policy think tank equipping change agents with strategic public theology.” Two self–descriptions:

“Cardus(root: cardo) Canada's premier hub for faith and common life, is a think tank dedicated to the renewal of North American social architecture. We conduct independent and original research, produce several publications, and regularly stage events with Senior Fellows and interested constituents across Canada and the U.S.

Current research programmes in education, family, health, law, social cities, work and economics. An exceedingly rich mine of Reformational–type studies, publications and lectures that you must access when doing research in any of these fields. As time moves on, other fields are likely to be added and some may be dropped.”

“The mission of Cardus is to seek the renewal of North American social architecture, drawing on the wisdom of 2,000 years of Christian Social thought. This means attending to the systems and practices and institutions that shape our culture, with a conviction that good architecture leads to flourishing, to what Scripture so often describes as shalom.”

        Publishers of two magazines: Convivium and Comment Magazine.

        Major websites: AND

Milton Friesen, et al, Religion and the good of the city. Cardus research program: Social Cities.

Report 1: Milton Friesen, et al, The contemporary context of the city. May 1, 2017.

Report 2: Milton Friesen, et al, The state of research and influence, August 17, 2017.

Report 3: Milton Friesen, et al, The future conditions of the city, October 1, 2017.

When you follow the various tabs, you will find many more reports and lectures on this rich research project.

Cardus, “Cardus Counters Public Assumption,” an open letter to the public. December 4, 2017.

Convivium—aweekly email newsletter from CARDUS, Hamilton ON.

Convivium means living together. Unlike many digital magazines, we haven't put up a digital paywall. We want to keep the conversation regarding faith in our common and public life as open as possible.

Ray Pennings, “Secularism's anti-Charter ugliness.” Convivium, December 12, 2019. Main point is the superior generosity of the religious and its effect on the common public good.

“Open-minded secularism can bring social benefits, but when it seeks to close out religious freedom it injures us all.” —Ray Pennings, Cardus' Vivian

---------- interviewed, “Figuring out social isolation.” Convivium, June 17, 2019.

Anakainosis: A Journal for Reformational Thought.

Anakainosis is an 'informal academic periodical published by the Association for the Advancement of Christian Scholarship in Toronto, Canada'. It was first published in Sept 1978. Each volume comprised four issues. It contained articles, reviews and news updates of reformational scholars. It (re)published articles by Dooyeweerd, Roy Clouser, Robert Knudsen, Troost, Danie Strauss and many other well-known reformational scholars. It ceased publication in 1986. All the copies of the journal are available from here.

Department of Philosophy, Calvin College, “The Virtual Library of Christian Philosophy.”

Calvin’s Philosophy Department houses one of the finest undergraduate philosophy programmes in the USA. It was the undergraduate and/or teaching home of four American Philosophical Association Presidents – Alvin Plantinga, Nicholas Wolterstorff, William Frankena and O. K. Bouwsma. Accessed on July 21, 2017, when it featured 177 names.

Warning: Some of the names will generate an article; others, merely a name. I have not been able to get an explanation from the College. Just try and see what you get. Fishing this pond will yield some great goldfishes.

Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences. Accessed December 2020. About the Federation | Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences (

Exhibit at Congress Expo: Congress 2021 Expo is the largest virtual showcase of academic books in Canada! In addition to scholarly publishers and exhibitors, Expo is a hub for book launches and signings, and panel presentations. Do you know anyone who wants to exhibit at our first ever virtual Congress? We want to hear from you - email

There's a fund for that: Are you interested in bringing an international speaker to your association's conference this year? Collaborating with another scholarly association to co-host a session? Or are you a graduate student interested in presenting at Congress? There's a fund for that! Visit the Congress website to learn more.

Neo-Calvinist Discussion Group:

This is a group for discussing the theology and legacy of Dutch neo-Calvinists like Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, and G.C. Berkouwer. Our goal is to apply the lordship of Christ to "every square inch" of life, so our topics are as wide-ranging as all creation: culture, theology, church, philosophy, spirituality, political/civic life, the arts, etc. We welcome genuine conversation and honest opinion, but expect that all posts will reflect the spirit of these theologians: respectful, winsome, and irenic. These authors were unafraid to critique, but they did so only after thoroughly examining the subject they were against, treating each view with respect, and pursuing a commitment to the Church's catholicity and unity. Posts that simply tear down other views, cause unnecessary offense, or otherwise do not reflect these values will be removed. The admins/moderators reserve the right to determine when comments violate these values. If you see comments which you believe warrant moderator intervention, please PM one of the moderators.

The Banner, the monthly magazine of the Christian Reformed Church (CRC). Grand Rapids MI.

This magazine is a mix of Reformational, traditional Reformed and Evangelical writings that mirrors the thought and action of both the denomination and its members. Only select articles are featured on this website, but many others supplement the picture of an orthodox Reformed church.

Jul Medenblik et al, Forum, Semi-annual magazine of CTS, Grand Rapids, MI, USA. Articles addressing alumnae about various academic and practical issues faced by church leaders.

Nagel Institute for the study of world Christianity, Calvin University, Grand Rapids MI.

The Nagel Institute works to link Christian scholars worldwide in order to:

Promote a deeper understanding of world Christianity;

Partner with study centers to strengthen Christian intellectual movements in the global south and east;

Provoke a re-orientation of Christian thought towards the concerns arising from world Christianity.

This work is accomplished principally via research, publishing, and faculty development projects.

Archives | Koers - Bulletin for Christian Scholarship (

Koers is an accredited scholarly journal that strives to promote foundational reflection in science. This research includes contemplation of the philosophical presuppositions of scientific disciplines, as well as reflection on the role of worldview in science. The Koers Association, as the official body, has been in existence since 1926. The Koers: Bulletin for Christian Scholarship is the association's interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal which has appeared quarterly since 1935.

Westminster Theological Journal. Westminster Theological Journal (

Edited for the faculty of the seminary, the Westminster Theological Journal was first published in November 1938, "going against the current of the times," in that it was "founded upon the conviction that the Holy Scriptures are the word of God, the only infallible rule of faith and practice..." The two editors were Paul Woolley and John Murray, and the issue contained a preface, "To Our Readers," one article, "Jesus in the Hands of a Barthian," by Ned Stonehouse, and four book reviews. It was published at a time when periodicals were in decline, and the world at large lived with the specter of a new world war.

For over eighty years, the journal has continued the legacy set by the founding editors. As such, the WTJ stands out as one of America's oldest and continuous running theological journals. Its original mandate to uphold historic Christianity against modern tides is as relevant and true today as it was in 1938. While many journals have come and gone since our first publication, it is our hope that WTJ will continue to thrive in the digital age and be a "must have" theological journal for a new generation of readers.

Veritas Forum. Cambridge, MA, USA.

The Veritas Forum helps students and faculty ask life's hardest questions. Many of the world's leading universities were founded to answer the big "why" questions. Our mission is to help them confront these questions anew. The first Veritas Forum was planned by students, faculty and chaplains at Harvard University in 1992. Since then, over 200 universities in North America and Europe have hosted over 2,000 Forums.

The Veritas Forum is committed to courageous conversations. We place the historic Christian faith in dialogue with other beliefs and invite participants from all backgrounds to pursue Truth together.

National House of Prayer, Ottawa and Airdrie, Alberta.

VISION: At the National House of Prayer we desire to help mobilize informed and sustained prayer for all government leaders and the decisions they make. We seek to help build a bridge between our government leaders and caring Christians from across Canada. Our hope is that through these meaningful relationships, God would influence these leaders with a perspective of righteousness that would bless them as they serve our nation.

We hope to bring to you a series of blogs exploring this theme of what it means to endure as Canadian Christians today. My prayer is for God to encourage you with endurance in meaningful prayer. That intimacy with God, our prayerfulness may result in righteous acts and bold faith in our communities and thousands of lost souls coming to salvation in Jesus Christ.

Reasons to Believe (RTB), Covina, California.

RTB's mission is to spread the Christian Gospel by demonstrating that sound reason and scientific research–including the very latest discoveries–consistently support, rather than erode, confidence in the truth of the Bible and faith in the personal, transcendent God revealed in both Scripture and nature.

Christ on Campus Initiative

CCI exists to prepare and circulate materials for college and university students, addressing an array of fundamental issues from a Christian perspective. Readers and organizations may circulate these essays without charge. Those wishing to contact CCI may email the Secretary, Dr. Scott Manetsch, at

The Gospel Coalition (TGC)– Colorado Springs, CO 80923. Foundation Documents of The Gospel Coalition

The Gospel Coalition (TGC) is a broad collection of churches, church leaders, and Christians originally founded by Tim Keller and D.A. Carson. The organization is distinguished by its emphasis on actively engaging the culture, and it provides an abundant amount of resource materials such as videos, books, and study guides. As the term coalition implies, the Gospel Coalition includes a diversity of Christians from different denominations. Doctrinally, the association is generally aligned with evangelical and Reformed perspectives.

Gerrit Glas, trans. John H. Kok, "What is Christian philosophy?" Pro Rege, Vol. XL (1), pp. 1-17. Inaugural address delivered at the Free University in Amsterdam, 2010.

The Anselm House, formerly known as the MacLaurin Institute.

The mission of Anselm House is to help University of Minnesota students and faculty —and the wider Twin Cities community—connect the dots of study, faith, work, and relationships to each other. We want to see the world and approach our lives as God created them to be: whole.

Udo Middelmann, "The ABC's of a Christian worldview." A brochure from The MacLaurin Institute, now called the Anselm House, Minneapolis, MN., September 1999.

Christian Scholars Review.

Established in 1970, Christian Scholar's Review is a medium for communication among Christians who have been called to an academic vocation. Its primary objective is the publication of peer-reviewed scholarship and research, within and across the disciplines, that advances the integration of faith and learning and contributes to a broader and more unified understanding of the nature of creation, culture, and vocation and the responsibilities of those whom God has created. It also provides a forum for discussion of pedagogical and theoretical issues related to Christian higher education. It invites contributions from Christian scholars of all historic traditions, and from others sympathetic to the task of religiously-informed scholarship, that advance the work of Christian academic communities and enhance mutual understanding with other religious and academic communities.

In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi is a theological and acclaimed Open Access journal that serves as the official journal of the Reformed Theological Society (Gereformeerde Teologiese Vereniging). Durbanville, South Africa: AOSIS Publishing.

It has a broad coverage that promotes multidisciplinary, religious and biblical aspects of studies in the international theological arena, aiming to further Reformational Theology on a scientific basis. It encourages research that challenges traditional discourses within and between the fields of biblical, religious, social and human sciences as well as the constructive engagement with the natural sciences where applicable. All contributions are refereed anonymously by at least three other scholars who are recognised as specialists in the particular field of study and the comments of the referees are held in high esteem. English, Afrikaans and Dutch are the general languages of publication and articles in German will also be considered.

More information can be accessed at:

Koers – Bulletin for Christian Scholarship. North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa.

Koers is an accredited scholarly journal that strives to promote foundational reflection in science. This research includes contemplation of the philosophical presuppositions of scientific disciplines, as well as reflection on the role of worldview in science. The Koers Association, as the official body, has been in existence since 1926.

The Koers is the association’s interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal which has appeared quarterly since 1935. Koers promotes the development of Christian scholarship/science in all fields of science and publishes original (mainly reflective) research contributions with an integrated worldview as the foundation. We provide a platform for authors to engage constructively and critically with Christian scholarly/scientific points of view in all fields of science.

Anyone doing research in Reformational vein, cannot afford to ignore Koers. The articles are written mostly in English and Afrikaans and give South African perspectives, naturally including Black voices. A perusal of any issue shows the wide range of articles with most having an accessible link.

Orientation, International Circular published by the Institute for Reformational Studies, Potschefstroom University for Christian Higher Education 1994.

  1. The oppression and liberation of modern Africa: a critical history - S.Fowler
  2. The crying need for a Christian worldview and a Christian philosophy in Africa - B.J. van der Walt
  3. That was then, this is now - K.C. Sewell
  4. Schooling for what? - S. Fowler
  5. Christian students in the university crisis - B.C. Wearne
  6. John Dawkins versus John Calvin - B.C. Wearne
  7. Reformational University basis in operation - J.J. Venter
  8. "Transforming" "society" - J.J. Venter
  9. A Christian approach to the diversity in political viewpoints, religions and cultures: illustrated by way of a case study of S.A. - B.J. van der Walt

Helen De Cruz, Religion and Science—Draft Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry. 2019.

Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies.

The Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies is an international on-line publication of SCIRI (the Seminar for the Interdisciplinary Research of Religions and Ideologies) and SACRI (the Academic Society for the Research of Religions and Ideologies). It is a peer-review academic publication intended for professors and researchers interested in the study of religions and ideologies.

J.S.R.I. encourages interdisciplinary approaches of religions, engaging the following domains: religious studies, philosophy of religions, ethics, political philosophy and political science, anthropology, sociology, interreligious dialogue and communications theory. All articles must explore the religious dimension of the issues covered.

J.S.R.I. is an open-access journal published on the internet, with three issues per year. Publication in JSRI is completely free of charge.

Nicholas Wolterstorff

Biography of Nicholas Wolterstorff, for purposes of his Gifford Lectures, 1995.

----------, “Loving Justice.” (full interview), The Table, Biola University Center for Christian Thought, May 30, 2017

Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Empathy, Anger and the Struggle against Injustice.” CC, March 6, 2017, pp. 10-11.

----------, “Love and Justice – and Beauty Too.” Lecture in The Table Series, Biola University, May 30 2017.

----------, “Loving Justice.” Interview by Evan Rosa. The Table Series, Biola University, May 30, 2017.

Evan Rosa interviews Nicholas Wolterstorff, who breaks down his views on love and justice, how they interact in the context of Jesus' love commands and ethical teaching, and the meaning of shalom.

----------, Fides Quaerens Intellectum.” Contact, September 9, 2012, Academic Insert.

---------- and Alvin Plantinga, “The rift between science and theology.” Dialogue at the Biola University Center for Christian Thought, July 9, 2012.

---------- & Alvin Plantinga, “The Nature of Christian Scholarship,” a discussion at the Center for Christian Thought, Biola University, July 9, 2012.

----------, “Loving God=Loving your neighbor.” November 30, 2011.

----------, “On faith in liberal democracy.” Lecture delivered at Yale University, January 12, 2009.

Alvin Plantinga and ----------, eds. Faith and Rationality: Reason and Belief in God. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983, 1991. This book can be accessed at:

----------, Reason within the Bounds of Religion. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976, 1988. This book can be accessed at:

Hendrik Hart, “Critical Reflections on Wolterstorff’s Reason within the Bounds of Religion. Toronto: ICS, 1980 (32pp.).

Todd Statham, review of Nicholas Wolterstorff, Religion in the University. The Banner, April 28, 2020.

Peter Schuurman, “The best thinking is dialogue.” Review of Nicholas Wolterstorff, Religion in the university. CC, December 9, 2019.

James Dekker, “Wolterstorff's Wonderful Account of Living in Learning and Wonder,” review of Nicholas Wolterstorff, In This World of Wonders: Memoir of a Life in Learnings, CC, September 23, 2019, pp. 8-9.

Publisher's review of Wolterstorff's In This World of Wonders: Memoir of a Life in Learning. Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2019.

Sophie Vandenberg, “Dr. Nicholas Wolterstorff to receive honorary doctorate at ICS' 40th Anniversary Convocation.” Perspective (ICS), n.d. (incomplete copy).


Brian John Walsh, Select bibliography of Reformational books and articles, both scholarly and popular.

Ben Johnson, “Walter Williams, RIP.” Acton Institute Powerblog, December 2, 2020.

John M. Hunt, “Thoughts on academic titles.” Christian Scholar's Review, January 20, 2021.

Interview with Mark Bjelland about his Good places for all. Grand Rapids: Calvin Press, April 2020, in Calvin Spark, Spring 2020.

Harry Van Belle, Curriculum Vitae. Van Belle has written and published a lot, especially on Reformational perspectives, psychology and history of the Reformed Dutch. A comparatively small random selection of his books and articles is scattered throughout this page, but peruse this file and you will find an amazing library. He is certainly among the most prolific of all the writers on this page.

----------, “PTSD and the pandemic.” N. p., 2020.

----------, Coram Deo: Living life in the presence of God in a secular age. Philosophia Reformata, March 14, 2020, Vol. 83, Issue 1. Previously published independently, July 9, 2019, as follows: [1] [2] [3] [4].

----------, Explorations in the History of Psychology: persisting themata and changing paradigms. Sioux Center, Iowa: Dordt College Press, 2013. An excerpt.

Peter Schuurman, “Something Sacred for Secular People.” Review of the above, CC, April 13, 2020.

Gregory Reichlen, The social Christ the King conference. Crisis Magazine, March 26, 2020.

Thomas Reese, “Prophets are social critics, not fortunetellers.” RNS, February 11, 2020.

James Sale, “The Tower of Babel we built.” ET, January 3-8, 2020.

Gary M. Burge, “Why I'm not a Christian Zionist.” Banner, January 2020, pp. 32-34.

Dexter Van Zile, “Condemning the Jewish state in Jesus' name, theologian Gary Burge is making a comeback.” The Jerusalem Journal, December 15, 2017.

The Van Zile article above places the controversy raised by Gary Burge in its context.

Catherine Yang, “Rebecca Friedlander: On helping women define 'Beautiful'.” ET, October 17-23, 2019, pp. C10-C11

Adrian Mullings, “Biblical versus Worldy Value.” Christian Union, July 11, 2019.

Roger Scruton, “A Thing Called Civilization.” Epoch Times, October 17-23, p. C12.

James Sale, “What's Wrong with the World? G. K. Chesterton's reponse to an age-old question.” Epoch Times, October 17-23,2019, pp.C7, C9.

Roger L. Simon, “LeBron James and the Tipping Point for Celebrity Opinions.” Epoch Times, October 17-23, 2019, p. B3.

Paul Adams, “Doing Right; Helping Others.” Epoch Times, October 17-23, 2019, p. B5.

Anonymous, The Definitive Guide to Finding, training, and Keeping Church Volunteers<---/a>. Rose Bible News, <>. n.p., n. d. “Discover the seven hidden factors to creating a healthy, sustainable volunteer culture that grows your church and prevents burnout before it happens.”

Devin Foley, “The Root of Our Troubles.” The Epoch Times, April 18-24, 2019, p. 17.

Douglas Todd, “Can Metro Vancouver churches plug dire housing gap?” VS, April 1, 2019.

Metro Vancouver's churches have been leading spirited campaigns to supply more housing for the city's 2.4 million residents and new arrivals.

Ndu B. Akuchie, “Theological Education in the Context of Violence and Terrorism,” Being a Commissioned paper presented by Rev. Ndu B. Akuchie, M.A., Th.D., President, Nigerian Institute for Christian Education and Leadership, (NICEL), Okigwe, Imo State, Nigeria, at the 16th International Theological Education Conference, held at The Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria, March 5th - 7th, 2019.

Os Guinness, “The foundations of American Democracy.” Lecture delivered at Gainesville Fl: Cade Museum for Creativity and Invention, February 21, 2019 (video).

Peter Stockland, “Beneath the Summer Job Controversy.” Convivium, December 6, 2018.

--------, “Liberals' “value test” a threat to freedom in Canada.” The Hamilton Spectator, April 3, 2018.

Anthony Perkins, “A way Back from Secularism.” Acton's Religion and Liberty, vol. 28, no. 4, November 29, 2018.

Jack Taylor, “Secularization and the church in Canada.” Light Magazine, November, 2018.

Kyle Dillon, “Doubting Thomists: John Bolt's Defense of (the real) Aquinas against His Reformational Critics.” Allkirk Network, September 26, 2018.

Anonymous, “How long are the day of Genesis 1?” Biologos, September 15, 2018.

Benjamin Lappenga, “Why Read the Bible? (And how to do it, with a little help from Lila).” The Banner, July/August 2018, pp. 10-11.

Eric D. Barreto: Reading the Bible in public Faith & Leadership, Duke Divinity, July 10, 2018.

Michael Marissen, “Bach Was far More Religious than You Might Think.” New York Times, March 30, 2018.

Anjeanette Roberts, “A forest stroll is good for body and soul.” Reasons to Believe, March 15, 2018.

Steve Bishop, An accidental blog: Interview with Glenn Friesen - part 1

2015-05-25. J. Glenn Friesen M.A. LL.B, DLitt et Phil has published a new book looking at the roots of reformational philosophy. He has a website Christian non-dualism.This is the first part of the interview. Details of his book and a view of some of the contents can be found on Amazon's website.

----------, “Reformational Papers.” An Accidental Blog, June 20, 2007.

This blog is a Reformational treasure. Besides the “Reformational Papers”, it features pages on Abraham Kuyper, Herman Dooyeweerd, British Calvinism, et al.

----------, Bibliography of Jacob Klapwijk (mostly English, but not all)., n.d.

This Klapwijk bibliography is an exceedingly rich and lengthy one. It is actually a full and even amazing library of Reformational writings that no researcher can afford to ignore. A most exciting experience.

Ronald B. Rice, “The Biblical response to pain and suffering,” a sermon on Psalm 88 delivered at West Side Presbyterian Church, Seattle, April 29, 2018.

This website is a library of its own with numerous important references, including their URLs. If you are doing serious research, you must explore this mine of Reformational philosophy.

Michael W. Chapman, “Report: Europe's Youth Abandoning Christianity.” Catholic News Service, March 22, 2018.

Gerrit Glas and Jeroen de Ridder, eds., The future of creation order: Vol. 1, philosophical, scientific, and religious perspectives on order and emergence. Springer, January 12, 2018 (pp. 347).

This work provides an overview of attempts to assess the current condition of the concept of creation order within reformational philosophy compared to other perspectives. Focusing on the natural and life sciences, and theology, this first volume of two examines the arguments for and against the beauty, coherence and order shown in the natural world being related to the will or nature of a Creator. It examines the decay of a Deist universe, and the idea of the pre-givenness of norms, laws and structures as challenged by evolutionary theory and social philosophy. It describes the different responses to the collapse of order: that given by Christian philosophy scholars who still argue for the idea of a pre-given world order, and that of other scholars who see this idea of stable creation order and/or natural law as redundant and in need of a thorough rethinking. It studies the particular role that reformational philosophy has played in the discussion. It shows how, ever since its inception, almost a century ago, the concepts of order and law (principle, structure) have been at the heart of this philosophy, and that one way to characterise this tradition is as a philosophy of creation order. Reformational philosophers have maintained the notion of law as 'holding' for reality. This book discusses the questions that have arisen about the nature of such law: is it a religious or philosophical concept; does law just mean 'orderliness'? How does it relate to laws of nature? Have they always existed or do they 'emerge' during the process of evolution?

Daniel Proussalidis, “Theology of the hammer.” Cardus' Convivium, September 15, 2017.

Prousssalidis, Cardus director of communications, visits a Habitat For Humanity site this week and discovers that people of various faiths working on a building sound like religious belief in action.

Stan Wallace, “Thinking Christianly about Life and Work.”

"Love God with all your mind." – Jesus

Here are the five specific ways I hope the articles I post will be helpful.

J. Glenn Friesen, “Christian Non-dualism.”

I, Boer, highly recommend that researchers in Reformational philosophy delve deeply into Friesen’s writings. See below:

Dr. Friesen lives in Calgary, Canada. He is the author of several books and many published articles relating to philosophy and religious studies. He has a degree in law, a graduate degree in philosophy and a doctorate in religious studies. He practiced law for many years. He has been interested in the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd since 1970. He has studied that philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies (Toronto) and the Free University of Amsterdam, and has since researched early materials held by the Dooyeweerd archives in Amsterdam. The results of his research include the many papers available on this website as well as his recent book Neo-Calvinism and Christian Theosophy: Franz von Baader, Herman Dooyeweerd.

J. Glenn Friesen, "The Complicity of Reformational Philosophy with the Politics of the Religious Right." August 13, 2018.

Jan H. Boer: Is this Friesen hanging out the “dirty laundry” of the Reformational movement? Without having studied this essay in detail, I wonder if Friesen forgets that truth develops over time. Earlier adherents to Reformational philosophy were also children of their time, while subsequent generations slowly allowed the leaven of Reformational thought to work its way through that community. There is such a thing as the dynamic unfolding of movement and philosophy. Does Friesen perhaps present a static picture of a movement that was dynamically emerging in the context of its times? Mine is a hesitant question. I respect Friesen’s detailed scholarship too much to be sure of this hesitant question, but I cannot suppress it.

----------, Response to query from Jan H. Boer about the above.

----------, Discussion continued....

Lambert Zuidervaart, Truth in Husserl, Heidegger, and the Frankfurt School: Critical Retrieval.. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2017.

Matthew Tuininga, “Christian in America,” Tuininga’s blog.

Tuininga is Assistant Professor of Moral Theology at Calvin Theological Seminary and writes much about justice issues. Here are two recent samples of his blog posts:

“The Sanctity of Life in the Heidelberg Catechism: the Sixth Commandment.” October 24, 2017.

“Justice for the Poor in the Heidelberg Catechism: The Eighth Commandment.” October 18, 2017.

Canadian Bible Society, “Where to Look in the Bible,” a brochure (n.d.).

The Bible is a book which tells of the experiences of real people and of how God dealt with them. The deepest needs of the human heart and the most profound longings of the human soul are brought to us in the great stories of the Bible. The Bible is a real treasure house and this leaflet, also available in PDF, tells you where you can turn to find messages to meet your needs as you face the challenges, problems, and joys of life. As you read the Bible you will find that it speaks to you as does no other book and your life will be enriched and blessed. This material can be accessed at:

Roman Catholic Philosophers and Philosophy

  Antiquity[show]   Medieval[show]
  • Bede
  • Anselm of Canterbury
  • Hildegard of Bingen
  • Peter Abelard
  • Symeon the New Theologian
  • Bernard of Clairvaux
  • Hugh of Saint Victor
  • Thomas Aquinas
  • Benedict of Nursia
  • Pope Gregory I
  • Peter Lombard
  • Bonaventure
  • Albertus Magnus
  • Duns Scotus
  • Roger Bacon
  • Giles of Rome
  • James of Viterbo
  • Giambattista Vico
  • Gregory of Rimini
  • William of Ockham
  • Catherine of Siena
  • Paul of Venice

  • Renaissance and Modern[show]

    John Bolt, “An Adventure in Ecumenicity: A Review Essay of Berkouwer and Catholicism by Eduardo Echeverria.” The Bavinck Review 5 (2014): 76-89.

    Bernard McGinn, Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologiae: A biography. Lives of Great Religious Books. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, May 2019.

    The life and times of the most important theological work of medieval Christendom Thomas Aquinas's Summa theologiae holds a unique place in Western religion and philosophy. Written between 1266 and 1273, it was conceived by Aquinas as an instructional guide for teachers and novices and a compendium of all the approved teachings of the Catholic Church. It synthesizes an astonishing range of scholarship, covering hundreds of topics and containing more than a million and a half words-and was still unfinished at the time of Aquinas's death. Bernard McGinn, one of today's most acclaimed scholars of medieval Christianity, traces the remarkable life of this iconic work, examining Aquinas's reasons for writing it, its subject matter, and the novel way he organized it. McGinn looks at the influence of Aquinas's masterpiece on such giants of medieval Christendom as Meister Eckhart, its ridicule during the Enlightenment, the role of the Summa in the post-Vatican II church, and the book's enduring relevance today.
    2014-07-15 · There are over 1,000 published commentaries on the Summa. Thomas Aquinas was cited 734 times in the decrees and documents of Vatican II.

    James K. A. Smith*

    For a list of Smith’s books:

    Smith’s professional website

    Originally trained in philosophical theology and contemporary French philosophy, Smith's work is focused on cultural criticism informed by the Christian theological tradition. His more popular writing has appeared in magazines such as the Christian Century, Christianity Today, First Things, Harvard Divinity Bulletin, and others (from the Amazon website) such as Ivy League’s Christian Union.

    Peter Schuurman, “The Corpus of James K. A. Smith: Worldview Made Flesh.” CC, February 12 2018, pp. 10-12, 16.

    James K. A. Smith, Open letter to readers of Comment Magazine (a segment), Cardus, April 18 2018.

    One of the delights of my travels is meeting Comment readers from around the country. What I hear from many of them is a sense of belonging – that Comment connects them to a community of like-minded labourers who are at work on the front lines of cultural renewal. We’re putting into words the questions that gnaw at them. We’re introducing them to voices old and new. We’re grappling with issues beyond the headlines and fickle feeds of social media. As readers of Comment they feel like part of a conversation that they can’t always find close to home.

    The other theme I hear from readers is gratitude for Comment as a "continuing education” – a magazine that stretches and challenges them. We’re not a magazine that you browse, one reader told me – which I took as a great compliment. The point was that Comment was like an extension of a liberal arts education, an opportunity for busy practitioners and leaders to continue deepening their understanding of current issues and their appreciation for the Christian intellectual tradition.

    These are the reasons why we would love to get Comment into the hands of graduates as they launch into the next chapter of their calling. We want to expand the conversation to include younger readers. We want to offer them a chance to continue their education. And we want to invite them to find treasures in the tradition.

    See Smith’s editorials and other articles in the Cardus quarterly Comment.

    James K.A. Smith, “How My Millennial Students Found Their ‘Hitchhiker’s Guide’ to a Secular Age.” Christian Union News, November 2, 2016. Originally published by The Huffington Post, October 24, 2016.

    Author and professor of philosophy James K.A. Smith writes about helping students wrestle with philosopher Charles Taylor's A Secular Age. Smith suggests that many of us are "like this band of seekers: We see the ruins, we know the world has changed, we know there’s no going back. But we also can’t shake a hunger, a longing, a haunting that we welcome"... The lecture can be accessed at:

    James K.A. Smith is professor of philosophy at Calvin College where he holds the Gary & Henrietta Byker Chair in Applied Reformed Theology & Worldview. The award-winning author of Who’s Afraid of Post-modernism? and Desiring the Kingdom, his recent books include How (Not) To Be Secular: Reading Charles Taylor (2014) and You Are What You Love: The Spiritual Power of Habit (2016). His new book, Awaiting the King: Reforming Public Theology will be published in 2017.

    His popular writing has appeared in magazines such as Christianity Today, Books & Culture, and First Things as well as periodicals such as the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and USA Today. Smith is also a Senior Fellow of Cardus and serves as editor of Comment magazine.

    Twitter: @james_ka_smith

    --------, “Join the Anti-Revolutionary Party: You Have Nothing to Lose but Your Hubris.” Cardus, Fall 2016, pp. 2-4. This article can be accessed at:

    --------, “Revolutionism and Our Secular Age.” Comment, Fall, 2016, pp. 43-48. This entire issue of Comment is dedicated to the theme “Join the Anti-Revolutionary Party.” The article can be accessed at:

    Comment’s main concern is “Public Theology for the Common Good” and is published by Cardus, “a North American public policy think thank equipping change agents with strategic public theology.”

    There is frequent mention of Groen Van Prinsterer in Smith’s article. As to his identity, this can easily be obtained from the web. His major work is Ongeloof en Revolutie (1904, 1951). A number of his writings, both Dutch and English, can be accessed at:

    --------, “The Gift of the Law: How (Not) to Be Free.” The Banner, March 2017, pp. 18-20.

    --------, “The Spiritual Power of Habit.” A summary of the above lecture by Tom Campisi, Managing Editor, Christian Union Magazine, Spring 2016, pp. 8-9. To be accessed at:

    --------, “Buried Treasures?” The Banner, January 18, 2011.

    See also this article for its parallel concern: These two articles describe the Christian Reformed Church as a "treasure" often buried.

    --------, Thinking in Tongues: Pentecostal Contributions to Christian Philosophy. Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2010.

    --------, “We believe in institutions.” Comment, Fall 2013, pp. 2-4.

    James K. A. Smith in Dialogue with Richard Mouw about Neo-Calvinism and Anabaptism. Comment, September 20, 2013. This article can be accessed at:

    --------, IN or AFTER EDEN? Creation, Fall, and Interpretation. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Degree Master of Philosophical Foundations, Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Ontario, August 1995. This article can be accessed at:


    Douglas Todd, “Who Decides the Land Is ‘Sacred’?” VS, November 19, 2017.

    Kathryn Applegate, “Freedom in Sola Scriptura: Endless Forms Most Beautiful.” Biologos, October 24, 2017.

    Alicia Ambrosio, “Leap of Faith: The Distraction-free Peace of Taize Prayer.” Westender, October 10, 2017.

    Elizabeth Ann Thacker, Practices to Facilitate Faith Amidst Suffering, A Doctor of Ministry Project in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Ministry at Carey Theological College, Vancouver BC, June 2017.

    Ryan T. Anderson, “Faith and Reason, Beauty and Holiness.” Commencement address at Franciscan University of Steubenville, May 13, 2017. Christian Union, May 17, 2017. This address is accessible at:

    Lambert Zuidervaart, “Philosophy, Truth, and the Wisdom of Love.” ICS exaugural address, May 12, 2017.

    Pierre Marcel, The Christian Philosophy of Herman Dooyweerd: II. The General Theory of the Law-Spheres. Minimal information at:

    Kate Shellnutt, “Templeton Prize Winner: Alvin Plantinga, Who Proved God’s Not Dead in Academia.” Christianity Today, April 2017.

    Bruce Buursma, “Alvin Plantinga, Profile.” The Banner, January 2018, pp. 32-33.

    Lynn Bolt Rosendale, “Award-winning Wisdom: Templeton Prize Laureate Shares Thoughts on Christianity and Philosophy.” Spark: The Calvin College Magazine, September 6, 2017.

    “Sometimes ideas come along that revolutionize the way we think, and those who create such breakthrough discoveries are the people we honor with the Templeton Prize,” said Heather Templeton Dill, president of the John Templeton Foundation, which awards the prize. “Alvin Plantinga recognized that not only did religious belief not conflict with serious philosophical work, but that it could make crucial contributions to addressing perennial problems in philosophy.”

    Chris Herlinger, “Philosopher who argued for God wins Templeton Prize.” Religion News Service, April 25, 2017. Also

    Notre Dame Philosopher Alvin Plantinga Wins Templeton Prize.” Associated Press, April 25, 2017.

    Matt Kucinski, “Alvin Plantinga Awarded the 2017 Templeton Prize.” Calvin University, April 25, 2017.

    All about Plantinga –

    Bas Hengstmengel, Herman Dooyeweerd & Alvin Plantinga philosophy and rationality in the Reformed tradition. Masters thesis in philosophy at the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, April 2011.

    Neal DeRoo, “Towards a Material Spirituality – Religion and Phenomenological Expression.” Scripture, Faith and Scholarship Seminar, Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, November 2017.

    Is spirituality one part of our lives that we experience in worship? Or does it permeate our whole being? Are we able to pull spirituality and religion apart? What would happen if we considered how our spirituality is embodied, deeply, in our world? In this inaugural episode of Critical Faith, Neal DeRoo explores these questions in his lecture. The recording is the first of three parts,

    Vincent Vitale, “Truth or Love: What’s Your Choice?” IRZIM: Ravi Zacharias International Ministries, Jan. 11 2017.

    “Helping the Thinker Believe; Helping the Believer Think.”

    This article can be accessed at:

    Alex Deagon, “Secularism as a Religion: Questioning the future of the secular State.” The Western Australian Jurist, Vol. 8, 2017, pp. 31-94.

    Hugh Whelchel, “Should Christians Even Try to Influence Culture?” Christian Union News, December 15, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    John Bolt, “Just What Do You Mean – Kingdom of God? Lessons from a Century (and More) of Christian Social Thought.” CTJ, Nov. 2016, pp. 259-282.

    Godfrey Nkongolo, UJAMAA: A gift from Tanzania to Africa—A critique of current social and political systems in Africa and Ujamaa as an alternative. An unpublished thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts in Philosophy. Toronto: ICS, November 1, 2016.

    Robert Sweetman, “Christian Institutions without Pillars.” Christian Courier, April 25, 2016.

    Neal Plantinga Jr. “Intellectual Love of God.” Pro Rege, March 2016, pp. 10-13. This article can be accessed at:

    Robert Joustra, “Whose Religion? Which Flourishing? Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi wants you to flourish too. Now what?” A reaction to Miroslav Volf, Flourishing: Why We Need Religion in a Globalized World. Yale University Press, 2016. Comment Magazine, Feb. 17, 2016.

    George Marsden, Richard Mouw, Nicholas Wolterstorff and Alvin Plantinga, “Renaissance of Christian Thought,” a dialogue between leading Reformed scholars, January 8, 2016.

    These scholars come together for a panel discussion, each sharing a 10-minute talk on what has captured their heart during their careers. Each one served as a professor at Calvin College for over two decades in the 1960s, 70s and 80s before moving on to the halls of Notre Dame, Yale and Fuller Seminary. Each has over forty years of experience teaching in the academy, and they have authored scores of books. Calvin students today continue to read their writings in classes. In this presentation they will come together once again at Calvin to share with us their deep love of knowledge. Originally recorded on January 7, 2016. January Series archives and livestreams: January Series playlist:

    Erin Doom, “A Wardrobe in Kansas, Portal to Mystery: A ‘Show and Tell’ Exploration of the Eighth Day Institute in Wichita, Kansas.” Comment, November 4th, 2015.

    Andreas, Jonathan, “Worship: A Modal Analysis.” Paper written at Edinburgh Theological Seminary. August 27, 2015.

    Kathy Vandergrift, “All nations before God's throne: The role of the church in reconciliation.” CC, July 13, 2015, pp. 1-2, 5.

    Jeffrey Greenman, “Dying with Dignity? Negotiating the Moral Debate on Assisted Suicide.” Lecture delivered at the University of British Columbia, Feb. 5, 2014. The document includes a biography, an abstract and a response by Dr. Bert Cameron. It can be accessed at:

    Dieter Schonecker, “The Deliverances of Warranted Christian Belief.” Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015.

    Bruce Riley Ashford, Every Square Inch: Introduction to Cultural Engagement for Christians, a partial preview. Bellingham, Washington State: Lexham Press, 2015.

    Nations under God: The geopolitics of faith in the twenty-first century. Bristol: E-International Relations Publishing, 2015, Herrington L. M., et al, (eds).

    Prosperity Gospel Section

    Author's name not indicated, “Prosperity theology: A (largely) sociological assessment.” Presented at the 2014 Lausanne global consultation on prosperity, theology, poverty and the Gospel. Lausanne Content Library, October 2, 2015.

    Accessing this website will lead you to more articles on the subject. Highly recommended.

    For the official Lausanne Statement from this consultation, please see 'The Atibaia Statement on Prosperity Theology'.

    Timothy P. Palmer, “Prosperity in the Old Testament.” TCNN Research Bulletin, March 2014 (pp. 17-23).

    Victor Audu, “Paradise: A source of inspiration for the renewal of social and economic structures in a global society.” TCNN Research Bulletin, March 2014 (pp. 24-34).

    James Raynolds, Review of Bitrus Adeleye, Preachers of a different Gospel. TCNN Research Bulletin, March 2014 (pp. 38-40).

    Peter R. Young, “Prosperity Teaching: A theological perspective.” TCNN Research Bulletin, March 2014 (pp. 4-16).

    ----------, “Prosperity teaching in an African context.” Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology, 15.1, 1996 (pp. 3-18.

    Notable works advocating prosperity theology Hill, Edward (2019). Prosperous Christian: 10 Commandments of Godly Prosperity. Pensacola: Best Seller Publishing. ISBN... Lindsay, Gordon (1960). God's Master Key to Prosperity. Dallas: Christ for the Nations Institute. ISBN 978-0-89985-001-6. Osteen, Joel (2004). Your Best Life Now: 7 Steps to Living at Your Full Potential. New York: FaithWords. ISBN... Roberts, Oral; Montgomery, G. H. (1966). God's Formula for Success and Prosperity. Tulsa: Abundant Life Publication.

    Prosperity theology - Wikipedia


    Kaarina Aitamurto, “More Russian than Orthodox Christianity: Russian Paganism as nationalist politics.” In above, pp. 126-132.

    This tome is a virtual encyclopedia of subjects or library containing such a wide range of chapters that any researcher on any subject to do with religion, politics, justice, war, violence, etc., etc. must at least peruse the Table of Contents. I wanted to reproduce that Table here, but the digital arrangement would not allow it. But this is a must that you can miss only at your academic peril.

    Steve Paulson with Neil Turok et al, “The Origins of the Universe: Why Is there Something Rather than Nothing?” NourFoundation, Oct 20, 2014.

    Isaac N. Mutua, A Critical Engagement with B. J. Van Der Walt’s Reformational Approach Towards African Culture And World View. Dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Master of Arts in Philosophy at the Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, South Africa, 2014. This document can be accessed at:;sequence=1

    Jordan Monge, “Religion and Intelligence: Is the Narrative Changing?” The Ivy League Christian Observer, Fall 2013, pp. 8-9. The magazine reprinted this article with permission from Christianity Today. It can be accessed at:

    John W. Cooper, “Church, Kingdom, and the Great Commission.”

    Julius T. Medenblik, “What Difference Does This Make?”

    Calvin Theological Seminary Forum, Fall, 2013, pp. 3-5, 6-7. The above Cooper and Medenblik articles can both be accessed at:

    Sophie Bloemert, “What Can Mary Teach Us?” Transl. Jan H. Boer. Sophie, 4/2013, p. 15.

    Leonard J. Vander Zee, “Our Lady Too.” The Banner, December 2016, pp. 36-37. This article can be accessed at:

    Ruth Deddens and Gerdien Rots, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Changing Evaluation by Changing Perspective: Role of Worldview – An Interview with Mieke Boon.” Original title: “Anders waarderen door anders te kijken” – segments of an interview. Sophie, 3/2013, pp. 10-15.

    Klaas van der Zwaag, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Albert Camus: Philosopher of the Absurd.” Original title: “Albert Camus, filosoof van het absurd.” Sophie, 3/2013, pp. 22-25.

    Pieter Vos, Transl. Jan H. Boer. “The Human Deficit according to Immanuel Kant: The Gap between the Moral Law and Human Inability to Adhere to It.” Original title, “Het menselijk tekort volgens Immanuel Kant: De kloof tussen de morele wet en ons onvermogen er naar te handelen.” Sophie, February 2013, pp. 23-25.

    Philip Graham Ryken, Eds. J. Ballor and S. Grabill, Christian Worldview: A Student's Guide. Series editor, Davod S. Dockery, Reclaiming the Christian Intellectual Tradition. Wheaton IL: Crossway, 2013. A partial preview.

    George Monbiot, “The Gift of Death.” Guardian, December 11, 2012. (All about the tradition of Christmas giving)

    Amos Winarto Oei, The Antithesis (Matthew 5:21-48) in The Sermon on the Mount: Moral Precepts Revealed in Scripture and Binding on All People: A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of Calvin Theological Seminary for Candidacy for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Grand Rapids: Unpublished, May 2012 (293 pp.). This document is accessible at:

    M. Craig Barnes, Body and Soul: Reclaiming the Heidelberg Catechism. Grand Rapids: Faith Alive Christian Resources, 2012 (244 pp.).

    Pieter Buys, Susan Visser, Merwe Oberholzer, “A critical consideration of ethical foundations for the accounting profession.” Koers, Vol. 77, No. 2 (2012).

    When considering some of the key reasons for the desperate state of the current global economic environment, it is difficult to deny accounting's role therein. Although accounting institutes require adherence to codes of conduct, the question remains as to what happened to the stewardship function of the accounting profession. This article has critically reflected on the question, 'What constitutes an ethical accounting profession'? The key principles within many institutes' codes of conduct, such as competency, integrity, objectivity and confidentiality, have been considered against the background of utilitarianism, formalism and virtue ethics as foundational ethical theories. This article has concluded that although these principles aim to provide a framework for ethical accounting conduct, individual subjectivity on the part of the accountant will play a role in how these ethical principles become ethical practices.

    Steve Bishop, ed. and compiler, “Reformational Studies: An Annotated Bibliography of B. J. van der Walt.” Bristol, UK: All of Life Redeemed (online), February 2009.

    This document can be accessed at: AND:

    Vander Zwaag, Klaas. “Religions Do Not Aim for the Same Good,” transl. Jan H. Boer. Original title: “Religies leiden niet naar hetzelfde heil.” Sophie 3/2011, pp. 40-43.

    Douglas Todd, “A question about the Bible? Go ask an atheist.” Religious literacy of Christians, Atheists and others. Vancouver Sun, January 22, 2011, p. C4.

    Adelle M. Banks

    Kristopher Walhof, “Afrikaner Origins and Neo-Calvinism,” an academic paper submitted as course requirement at Regent College, Vancouver BC, winter 2010 (10 pp.).

    Gijsbert Korevaar, transl. Jan H. Boer, “A Responsible Steward Eats No Meatballs: A Reading Experience of Jonathan Foer’s Eating Animals.” Original title, “Een goed rentmeester eet geen gehaktballen: Een leeservaring van het boek Dieren eten van Jonathan Safran Foer.” Beweging, Fall 2010, pp. 10-13.

    Wendy Elgersma, Bibliography. This can be accessed at:

    David A. Bosnich, “The Principle of Subsidiarity.” Acton’s Religion & Liberty, vol. 6, no. 4. July 20, 2010.

    John W. Cooper, “What happens when we die?.” CTS Forum, Spring 2010, pp. 3-4.

    Cornelius Plantinga Jr., “Sin: Not the way it's supposed to be.” Christ on Campus Initiative (CCI), 2010.

    CCI exists to prepare and circulate materials for college and university students, addressing an array of fundamental issues from a Christian perspective. Readers and organizations may circulate these essays without charge. Those wishing to contact CCI may email the Secretary, Dr. Scott Manetsch, at

    Fellowship of the Churches of Christ in Nigeria.

    This fellowship is better known in Nigeria under its Hausa name "Tarayyar Ekklesiyoyin Kiristi a Nijeriya" and even better by its Hausa acronym "TEKAN." It is based in Jos, Nigeria, and has emerged from the Sudan United Mission conglomeration of missions and some other individual denominations. Its members reach into the millions. This is a rich website that provides information about each of the member denominations.

    The Akrofi-Christaller Institute of Theology, Mission & Culture. Akropong-Akuapen, Ghana.

    The Akrofi-Christaller Institute of Theology, Mission and Culture is a postgraduate research and training Institute fully accredited by the National Accreditation Board of the Ministry of Education as a tertiary institution with a Presidential Charter to award its own degrees. It is a research university promoting African innovation and excellence and dedicated to the study and documentation of Christian history, thought and life in Ghana and in Africa as a whole, in relation to their African setting and to world Christianity. ACI seeks to strengthen Christian witness in the modern Africa and world context through Christian scholarship.

    Byron Borger, “Attending to Ordinary Stuff.” Comment Magazine, Jan. 15, 2010.

    “It is sometimes good to focus directly upon the near-sacreness of our daily moments.”

    This article can be accessed at:

    Mariska van Beusichem, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Mentoring the Unchurched Spiritual Generation.” Original title, “Een mystagoog helpt zoeken.” Beweging, Fall 2010, pp. 14-17.

    Robert Knudsen, Roots and Branches: The Quest For Meaning And Truth In Modern Thought. Paideia Press, 2009 (380 pp.). See also AND

    Roots and Branches is a broad-ranging collection of writings that analyses the philosophical foundations of a number of crucial movements, ideas and writers of the twentieth century..., including a four part series on Paul Tillich. The final section of the book is devoted to four articles that expertly address the work of Herman Dooyeweerd. The outline of Part 4 is found in the section "Writings about Dooyeweerd" earlier on this same page.


    NOTE: Parts I, II and IV are located in other sections of this page.

    PART III: ANALYSES OF MODERN THEOLOGIANS: Nicolas Berdyaev, Paul Tillich, Karl Jaspers, Rudolf Bultman. Selected chapters:

    "Crosscurrents." Also found in Westminster Theological Journal. 35, Spring, 1973, 303-314.

    "The Ambiguity of Human Autonomy and Freedom in the Thought of Paul Tillich." Also found as a 4-part series in Philosophia Reformata. 32 (1967) 55-67, 33 (1968) 32-44, 34 (1969) 38-51, 37 (1972) 3-25.

    Graham A. Cole, “Do Christians have a worldview?” 2009.

    Robert De Moor, Reformed: What it means, Why it matters Grand Rapids, Michigan: Faith Alive, May 2009.

    This revised edition provides a succinct, armchair tour of the distinctive teachings of the Reformed/Presbyterian faith and how having a Reformed perspective can change your life. It's a useful guide for inquirers, new Christians, small groups, education classes, those making profession of faith, and more. The four chapters include useful sidebars that provide interesting tidbits, explain terms, and suggest shortcuts for those with limited time. Each chapter concludes with open-ended discussion questions that encourage reflection and investigation.

    Sophie Vandenberg, “Two Smiths et al and their ICS legacy.” ICS Perspective, February 2008, pp. 5-6.

    Steve Bishop, “Bibliography of the Writings of Robert D. Knudsen.” Westminster Theological Journal. 58, Spring, 1996, 111-121.

    D. F. M. Strauss, Philosophy as the Discipline of the Disciplines. Grand Rapids: Paideia Press, 2009 (715 pp.) This book can be accessed at:

    Paul G. Tyson, “Transcendence and epistemology: Exploring truth via post-secular Christian Platonism.” Modern Theology, April 2008.

    Network on the history of slavery— https://networks.h-net....

    H-Slavery is H-Net's Network on the history of slavery.

    John B. Carpenter, “A Secular Jew Makes a Surprising Discovery about Christians and American Slavery.” Grand Rapids: Acton Commentary, April 17, 2019.

    Youval Rotman, “The Medieval Mediterranian slave trade.” Trade in Byzantium: Papers from the Third International Sevgi Gönül Byzantine Studies Symposium, N. Necipoglu, P. Magdalino (eds.), Koç University Publications, 2016 (12 pp.).

    The US Center for World Mission, “The global slave trade.” Mission Frontier, July-August 2007.

    Ron Csillag, “Slavery lives again.” Faith Today, January-February 2007, pp.18-23.

    Grace Boneschansker, “A history of the slave trade in Canada.” Faith Today, January-February 2007, pp.20, 22.

    Nuwoe-James Kiamu, The mind of Christ: A paradigm toward a biblical theology of transformational and proactive responses to violence. A thesis in the Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Jos, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University of Jos, June 2006.

    Theola Labbe, “Hidden in plain sight: the Mideast's slave legacy.” VS, February 28, 2004.

    Fiachra Gibbons, “In the service of the Sultan.” Review of Ronald Segal, Islam's Black slaves: The other Black diaspora in The International Guardian, April 6, 2002.

    Yusufu Turaki, “African Christianity in Global Religious and Cultural Conflict.” Evangelical Review of Theology, Vol. 31, Issue 2, April 2007, pp. 127-139.

    ABSTRACT: “The West is not only waging a contemporary war against militant Islamists, but historically and ironically, it has been waging a religious war principally against Christianity and its own ethnocentrism. It is important that we examine this theological implication for world Christianity as a result of the decline of western Christianity; western rebellion against Christianity; and the revival of neopaganism in the West.”

    The above partial abstract comes from:

    Ran Rudisill, “The lonely Vollenhovian: Exploring the intersections between Reformational Philosophy and science,” a blog at

    I am a PhD Junior Member in Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies in Toronto, Canada. I am passionate about Reformational philosophy and its potential to have a wide-ranging impact on all spheres of theoretical thought and human life, but most particularly (right now) in how it can impact philosophy of science and contribute fruitfully to the current science-religion debate.

    This blog is designed to be both a place for me to share my ideas but also hopefully a forum where broader discussions about Reformational philosophy can take place. I look forward to your comments, questions, and criticisms.

    Foundation of Christian Philosophy (Stichting voor Christelijke Filosofie), transl. Jan H. Boer, “Analyzing, actualizing and passing on:” Stichting voor Christelijke FilosofieMissie | Stichting voor Christelijke Filosofie.

    Sophie, Dutch-language magazine of above Foundation. Amersfoort, the Netherlands.

    Mike Mariani, “Why are exorcisms on the rise?The Atlantic December 2018. Republished in Christian Union, May 7, 2020.

    Nuwoe-James Kiamu, The Mind of Christ: A Paradigm toward a Biblical Theology of Transformational and Proactive Responses to Violence. A thesis in the Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Jos, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University Of Jos, Nigeria, June, 2006.

    John Cooper, ed., “Reflections on Always Reforming.” CTS Focus, Spring 2006. This issue can be accessed at:

    Gerald Vandezande, Public Justice Advocate, member of the Order of Canada, co-founder of Citizens for Public Justice (CPJ), July 18, 2011. A national hero's Reformational swan song on YouTube.

    Gerald Vandezande, “Hope-filled advocacy for public justice: Love is a better way.” Special lecture delivered at a special convocation to award the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters, ICS, October 20, 2006.

    Govert Buys and Herman Paul with Bert Van den Brink, “Liberalism: A Hesitant Worldview,” an interview. Original title: “Het liberalisme: de levensbeschouwing die geen levensbeschouwing wil zijn.” Beweging, Summer, 2005, pp. 42-47.

    Paul Cliteur and Willem Ouweneel. “God Exists: A Debate about Theism – Two Statements.” Original title: “God bestaat.” Beweging, 2/2005, pp. 26-27.

    Bruce C. Wearne. “Deism and the Absence of Christian Theology.” Philosophia Reformata (68) 2003. This article can be accessed at:

    John Witte, “Religion, Secularism, and Human Rights.” Annual Hill Lecture, Cardus’ Convivium, May 13, 2003.

    Thomas K. Johnson, “Dutch Reformed philosophy in North America: Three varieties in the late twentieth century.” Communio Viatorum, Vol. XLV, 2003.

    Roy A. Clauser, “Is there a Christian View of Everything?” A transcribed and revised Dordt College lecture, October 21, 2002.

    ----------, Knowing with the Heart: Religious Experience & Belief in God. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press (204 pp.).

    ----------, The Myth of Religious Neutrality: An Essay on the Hidden Role of Religious Belief in Theories, Revised Edition that has been completely revised and updated by the author. Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 1991 (416 pp.). This book is described at:

    Rene van Woudenberg, review of Roy A. Clauser, The myth of neutrality. Philosophia Reformata, Vol. 67, Issue 1, 2002, pp. 89- 91.

    Annotated Clouser Bibliography in This bibliography is a rich library in its own right. A researcher cannot afford to skip it.

    Russell Norman Murray, The Problem of Evil: Anglican and Baptist Perspectives. A dissertation submitted for the degree of Master of Philosophy in the University of Wales. October 2002 (409 pp.).

    David K. Naugle, Worldview: The History of a Concept. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002.

    Michael Goheen, Review of David K. Naugle, Worldview: The History of a Concept. June 2020.

    Dale Cannon, review in Tradition & Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical, 33:1. This document can be accessed at:

    Tim McConnel, review in Pro Rege, March 2004, pp. 27. This document can be accessed at:

    --------. “Worldview: History, Theology, Implications.”

    Jonathan Chaplin, “Religion: Matrix of War and Peace.” An interfaith academic forum, University of Guelph, January 31 2002.

    Timothy M. Warner, “Bibliography on Spiritual Warfare in Cross-cultural Ministries.” Unpublished two-page paper, December 2000. Note: This is mainly an Evangelical document on the subject. The Reformational view point is much broader and deeper and has traditionally preferred the term “antithesis.” You will find discussions on the topic throughout this page, especially in the sections “Pioneers” and “Miscellaneous Reformational.”

    Bartholomew, Craig and Moritz, Thornsten (eds.) Christ and Consumerism: Critical Reflections on Our Age. Carlisle UK: Paternoster Press, 2000. This book can be accessed at:

    Alan Wolfe, “The Opening of the Evangelical Mind,” The Atlantic, October 2000.

    David Virtue, “The collision of two minds: Malcolm Muggeridge meets Francis Schaeffer.” Touchstone, Jan-Feb. 1999.

    Ronald L. Roper, “Naive Experience, Narrative Scripture, Religious Ground Motives and Scientific Historiography Concerned with the Ancient Past.” Workshop Paper for the Fifth International Symposium, "Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century: Assessment and Perspective" on the occasion of the Hundredth Birth Year of Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), sponsored by the Association for Calvinistic Philosophy held at Bovendonk, Hoeven, The Netherlands, August 22-26, 1994. Post-conference revised and expanded draft of July 8, 1998 (59 pp.). This document is accessible at:

    D. F. M. Strauss, Being Human in God’s World. Bloemfontein SA: Tekskor Bk, 1998 (157 pp.).

    John Leland, “Savior of the Streets: The Man and His Mission.” Newsweek, June 1, 1998, pp. 20-25. This article can be accessed at:

    For extra articles about Eugene Rivers, the “Savior,” just google his name and you’ll get a busload of information. I include this article on this page as a challenge to both Christian and secular academics. You pick your own challenge from it and act accordingly.

    Jack B. Rogers and Donald K. McKim, The Authority and Interpretation of the Bible: An Historical Approach. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1999 (pp. 480+). An incomplete but extensive preview can be accessed at:

    Hubert R. Krygsman, Freedom and Grace: Mainline Protestant Thought in Canada, 1900-1960. A Ph.D. dissertation for Carleton University, Ottawa, June 23, 1997 (827 pp.). This book can be accessed at:

    No name indicated, “Naive Experience, Narrative Scripture, Religious Ground Motives and Scientific Historiography Concerned with the Ancient Past.” Workshop Paper for the Fifth International Symposium "Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century: Assessment and Perspective" on the occasion of the Hundredth Birth Year of Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), sponsored by the Association for Calvinistic Philosophy held at Bovendonk, Hoeven, The Netherlands, August 22-26, 1994. This document can be accessed at:

    John Tenyenhuis, “Let's tell each other what we earn: Questioning our financial secrecy.” The Banner, April 12, 1999, pp. 17-19.

    E. E. Soladoye, “Lessons from the existing institutional arrangement for public morality in Nigeria.” Lecture delivered at the Workshop on ethics in government and civil service. Congress on Christian Ethics in Nigeria (COCEN), May 18, 1997, Ilorin, Nigeria.

    Gary S. Maxey, “The vision of the Congress on Christian Ethics in Nigeria” (COCEN). Lecture delivered at the Workshop on ethics in government and civil service. Congress on Christian Ethics in Nigeria (COCEN), May 18, 1997, Ilorin, Nigeria.

    Congress on Christian Ethics in Nigeria (COCEN), Nigeria Covenant. Owerri, Nigeria, 1997.

    Klaas Schilder, trans. G. van Rongen and W. Helder, Christianity and Culture. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Premier Printing, 1977.

    William Lane Craig, The absurdity of life without God. Chapter 2 of W. L. Craig, Reasonable Faith, published by uccf:thechristianunions, 1994 (pp. 51-75).

    Gordon J. Spykman, Christian Faith in Focus. Jordan Station Ontario: Paideia Press, 1992. This book can be accessed at:

    --------, Reformational Theology: A New Paradigm for Doing Dogmatics. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992 (584 pp.).

    “This rigorous neo-Kuyperian rethink of how theology should be done is a milestone in Reformed exposition. It is the most stimulating systematic that I have read for a long time.” – James I. Packer, Regent College

    “This is the first attempt – and an impressive one – to write a systematic theology from a Reformational perspective…. Spykman seeks to overcome long-standing dualisms that have plagued theology for centuries with a third way which gives more attention to the historical redemptive pattern of Scripture. One need not agree with all of the presuppositions of this approach in order to appreciate the fresh and rich results of this solid study.” – I. John Hesselink, Western Theological Seminary

    Al Wolters, “Spykman Work Overturns Old Models.” Review of G. Spykman, Reformational Theology: A New Paradigm for Doing Dogmatics. The Banner, August 9, 1993.

    ----------, “A New Paradigm for Doing Reformed Dogmatics.” In die Skriflig 26 (2) 1992, pp. 269-276.

    ----------, (1986) “Fundamentalism in the CRC: A Critique,” Pro Rege: Vol. 15: No. 1, 10 - 21.

    ----------, et al, “Our World Belongs to God: A Contemporary Testimony,” a brochure. Grand Rapids: Board of Publications of the CRC, 1983 (13 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    An updated version can be accessed at: AND

    Jane Vogel and Mary Sytsma, Living Your Faith in a Messed-Up World: A look at the Contemporary Testimony. Grand Rapids: Faith Alive Christian Resources, 2008 (80 pp.).

    --------. Bibliography. This document can be accessed at:

    D. F. M. Strauss, trans. Gideon and Angela Strauss, Man and His World. Bloemfontein SA: Tekskor, 1991 (76 pp.).

    Paul Gifford, Christianity: To save or enslave? Jos, Nigeria: Institute of Pastoral Affairs, n.d. but original edition 1990 (44 pp.).

    Louis Praamsma, trans. James C. van Oosterom,

    Vol. 1 – Before the Face of God A Study of the Heidelberg Catechism Lord's Day 1-24. 1987 (100 pp.). This volume is accessible at:

    Vol. 2 – Before the Face of God A Study of the Heidelberg Catechism Lord's Day 25-52. 1989 (117 pp.). This volume is accessible at:

    Jordan Station ON: Paideia Press. Original title: Lerende hen onderhouden, an exposition of the Heidelberg Catechism.

    K. Sietsma, trans. Henry Vander Goot, The Idea of Office. Jordan Station ON: Paideia Press, 1985 (104 pp.).

    Chris Gousmett, “Descartes Theory of Contingency.” Anakainosis, 1983, Volume Six, No. 2 (20 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    Reformed Ecumenical Council (REC), Facing the Challenge of Secularism. Grand Rapids: REC, 1991.

    H. Henry Meeter, The Basic Ideas of Calvinism. Revised by Paul A. Marshal. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1990 (221 pp.).

    For the text of the original Chapter 1, go to:

    For an incomplete preview go to:

    For reviews go to:

    For (further) information about Meeter and his book, go to:

    Albert Wolters, “On the Idea of Worldview and Its Relation to Philosophy,” in Stained Glass: Worldviews and Social Science, Christian Studies Today (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989), 21. This article can be accessed at:

    J. R. Kriel, Removing Medicine’s Cartesian Mask: The Problem of Humanising Medical Education. Part 1. Orginally published by the Institute for Reformational Studies, Potchefstroom, 1988. This version is published in the Journal for Biblical Medical Ethics (JMBE), Vol. 3, No. 2.

    This document can be accessed at:

    John Bolt, ed. Orthodoxy and Orthopraxis in the Reformed Community Today. Christian Reformed Perspective, Vol. 1. Papers presented at a conference Orthodoxy and orthopraxis, held at Redeemer College, Hamilton, Ont., May 30-June 1, 1985. Jordan Station ON: Paideia Press, 1985 (160 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    Harry Antonides, Stones for Bread: The Social Gospel and Its Contemporary Legacy. Jordan Station, Ontario: Paideia Press, 1985. This book can be accessed at:

    John Bolt, Christian and Reformed Today. Jordan Station, Ontario: Paideia Press, 1984. This book can be accessed at:

    George Vandervelde, “The gift of prophecy and the prophetic church.” Toronto: ICS, 1984.

    W. V. Rowe, “On the Distinction between Continental and Analytical Philosophy.” Anakainosis Volume Six, No. 2, December 1983 (4 pp.).

    Al Wolters, “Theses on ‘Word of God.’” Anakainosis, Vol. 6, No. 3, March 1984 (3 pp.).

    --------, “Ground-Motive.” Anakainosis, Vol. 6, No. 1, September 1983 (4 pp.).

    --------, “Rank and Worth.” Anakainosis, Vol. 5, No. 4, June 1983 (2 pp.).

    Steve Prediger, “Truth and knowledge in G. C. Berkouwer: The contours of his epistemology.” A student paper. Toronto: ICS, May 1982.

    Harry A. Van Belle, Basic intent and therapeutic approach of Carl R. Roger: A study of his view of man in relation to his view of therapy, personality and interpersonal relations. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1980.

    T. Boersma, Is the Bible a Jigsaw Puzzle? An Evaluation of Hal Lindsey’s Writings. Transl: Elizabeth Vanderkooy Robert. St. Catharines Ontario: Paideia Press, 1978. This book can be accessed at:

    Note from the Proprietor: This book is referenced here because so many in the Reformed community have veered into the direction of Hal Lindsey. A correction is badly needed.

    David H. Freedman, ed., International Library of Philosophy and Theology. Modern Thinkers Series. Nutley NJ, USA: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co.

    S. U. Zuidema, transl. Dirk Jellema, Sartre. 1978. Stenciled document (65 pp.).

    Johan van der Hoeven, Karl Marx: The Roots of His Thought. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1976.

    A. D. R. Polman, transl. Calvin D. Freeman, Barth. 1960, 1982 (68 pp).

    Herman Ridderbos, trans. David H. Freeman, Bultmann. 1960.

    Hendrik van Riessen, trans. Dirk Jellema, Nietzsche. Phillipsburg, NJ: Presybyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1960 (56 pp.).

    Andrew Kuyvenhoven, Daylight: Daily Readings with the Bible. St. Catharines ON: Paideia, 1977. These meditations can be accessed at:

    H. Conradie et al, Festschrift Editorial Committee, Festschrift for Jan Adriaan Louw Taljaard, Koers, XL, no’s 4, 5, 6, 1975 (pp. 221-424).

    Because of the variety of topics in this Festschrift, you are herewith offered a view of the Table of Contents to whet the appetites of the various readers.

    Al Wolters, Our place in the Philosophical Tradition. Toronto: ICS, 1975.

    Bob Vander Plaats, “Dr. Wolters Is Inaugurated to the ICS Faculty.” Perspective, Nov/Dec. 1974. This item can be accessed at:

    For a complete Wolters bibliography, go to

    Brill, K. A.; Hart, Hendrik; Klapwijk, Jacob (eds), “Calvin and Neo-Calvinism on Non-Christian Philosophy; The Idea of Christian Philosophy.” Philosophia Reformata 38, 1973, pp. 43-61. This article can be accessed at:

    E. L. Hebden Taylor, Reformation or Revolution: A Study of Modern Society in the Light of a Reformational and Scriptural Pluralism. Nutley NJ: The Craig Press, 1970.

    Table of Contents

    Preface v
    Introduction 1
    1. The biblical philosophy of man, society, science, and history 9
    2. The degradation of work in modern society 100
    3. The Communist theory of labor, industry, and society 143
    4. The western humanist theory of labor, industry, and society 192
    5. The Roman Catholic philosophy of labor, industry, and society 240
    6. The scriptural basis for a scientific and sociological pluralism 305
    7. The economic and social church militant 361
    8. The Reformational conception of the business enterprise 432
    9. The Reformational understanding of labor and race relations 486
    10. Restoring meaning to work in modern society 550
    Conclusion 613

    Bernard Zylstra, “Hegel, Marcuse, and the New Left.” Lecture for the Wheaton College Philosophy Conference, November 6-7, 1969 (12 pp.).

    Paul G. Schrotenboer, The Nature of Religion, Christian Perspective Series 1964. Hamilton ON: The Association for Reformed Scientific Studies (former name of Institute for Church & Society), 1964.

    ----------, Freedom and justice for all. An address delivered at the annual meeting of the CJL Foundation held in Toronto on February 1, 1964. Rexdale ON: CJL Foundation stood for The Committee for Justice & Liberty, now Citizens for Public Justice housed in Toronto.

    F. H. Von Meyenfeldt, “The Meaning of Ethos.” A lecture delivered in the context of the Unionville Lectures and published in the series Christian Perspectives (see above under Runner). This edition is a typed version from St. Catharines ON: Paideia, n.d., but in the 1960s (36 pp.).

    James H. Olthuis, “Must the Church Become Secular?” No bibliographical data available. The document can be accessed at:

    Jan H. Bavinck, The Riddle of Life. Transl. J. J. Lamberts. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1958. Original title: Het raadsel van ons leven. Kampen, the Netherlands: Kok, n.d. known. This book can be accessed at:

    K. J. Popma, trans. Jack Quartel, First the Jew but also the Greek. Anakainosis, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1953 (20 pp). Original title: Eerst de Jood maar ook de Greek. Franeker, The Netherlands: T. Wever, 1950. This is a translation of the Introduction and Chapter One of Popma's book. It was prepared as a study guide for members of the "Groen Club" at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The document can be accessed at:

    John C. Vander Stelt, “Church in Society (An Orientation).” N.p., n.d. (23 pp.).

    J. K. Popma, “Calling, Task and Culture” (12 pp.). No bibliographical data available, but Popma is a classic, well-known and prolific Reformational author, though not much has been translated into English, probably because of his somewhat obscure style. His multi-tome series Levensbeschouwing was written post-WW II.

    S. U Zuidema, “Existentialistic Communication.” Stencilled document. N.p., n.d. (38 pp.).

    Okke Jager, transl. Perry Rekker, Meditations on the Christian Holidays. N.p. and n.d. (172 pp.). This book can be accessed at:

    Calvin College, Virtual Library of Christian Philosophy. N.d.

    This website appears to be a neglected project of Calvin College. Without an introduction or explanation of any kind, it consists of a long list of names, probably all authors, arranged alphabetically. Clicking like fishing by bobber: you never know when your bobber goes under and you have a catch on some will produce a list of their publications; others are only names, perhaps even most. Nevertheless, it is worthwhile to click and see what titles there may be. I have seen some real treasures.


    Michael S. Heiser, Angels: What the Bible Really Says about God’s Heavenly Host. Bellingham WA: Lexham Press, 2018. A brief summary and Table of Contents.

    Archie T. Wright, The origin of evil spirits: The reception of Genesis 6:1-4 in early Jewish literature. Fortress Press, 2015 (revised edition [pb]).

    Review by Daniel De Vries. CTJ, Nov. 2016, pp. 324-325. A version of this article can be accessed at:

    Edward P. Myers, A study of angels: Systematic Bible doctrines. Howard Books, 1996 (pb).

    Herbert Lockyer, All the angels in the Bible. Hendrickson, 1996 (pb).

    Billy Graham, Angels. Thomas Nelson, 1996 (revised-pb).

    Peter Kreeft, Angels (and demons): What do we really know about them?. Ignatius Press, 1995 (pb).

    Online you will also find a number of YouTube presentations on the subject by Kreeft.

    Apologist Peter Kreeft has heard a lot of questions about angels. He has compiled his answers, drawn from the Bible, traditional church teaching, and the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, to 100 of those questions into Angels (and Demons): What Do We Really Know About Them?. It is a fascinating look at the reality of the supernatural beings that can and do interact with each other, God, and humans.

    Kreeft starts with the assumption that angels (and demons) are indeed real beings

    C. Fred Dickason, Angels: Elect & evil. Moody, 1995 (pb).

    Bode Akintade, Demons? What are demons? Healing and Wholeness Series No. 3. Ilesa, Ogun State, Nigeria: Christian Health Centre Ministries, 1993 (19 pp.)

    Rev. Dr. Akintade is both an Anglican clergyman and a medical doctor practicing his own unique synthesis of wholistic medicine that is heir to a combination of African traditional insights, Western Christianity and medicine.

    Abraham Kuyper, De Engelen Gods. Kampen, Netherlands: J. H. Kok, 1923. Reprinted in 2018. De engelen Gods : Kuyper, Abraham, 1837-1920 : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive. AND De engelen Gods (1900 edition) | Open Library

    Fallen angels:

    Annette Yoshiko Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005); Loren T. Stuckenbruck, The Myth of Rebellious Angels: Studies in Second Temple Judaism and New Testament Texts (WUNT, 335; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014).


    Jonathan Merritt, “Can Former Journalist Lee Strobel Make a Convincing Case for Miracles?” Religion News Service, March 14 2018.

    Ian Hutchinson, “Can a Scientist Believe in the Resurrection? Three Hypotheses.” MIT et Spiritus, Spring 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    David Tang-Quan. “Conversations with Professor Ian Hutchinson of Nuclear Science and Engineering at MIT.” The Harvard Ichthus, Spring 2012. This article can be accessed at:

    Danielle D’Souza, “Why Miracles Are Possible: David Hume and the Reasonableness of Belief.” The Dartmouth Apologia, Spring 2016; Christian Union News, January 26, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Alvin Plantinga, “Does Science Show That Miracles Can't Happen?” Bellingham Lectures in Philosophy and Religion, May 25, 2015.

    Jos Sterk, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Wonders and Signs: Insights from Catholic Research into Wonders.” Sophie, 2/2014, pp. 14-17.

    Isaiah Bako Hinkon, The Theology and Practices of the Emerging Gidan Addu’a prayer Homes in Wukari and its Environs: Challenges and Impact on Churches and Society. A Thesis Presented to the Akrofi-Christaller Institute of Theology, Mission and Culture in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Doctor of Philosophy. June 2014 (380 pp.).


    Chapter 1 – Introduction

    Chapter 2 – Healing Beliefs and Practices in Jukun Society

    Chapter 3 – The Emergence of the Gidan Addu'a Movement

    Chapter 4 – 'Heart-Sowing and Sewing Mission'

    Chapter 5 – 'Prayer and Healing' Ministry

    Chapter 6 – 'Jesus the Healer' Ministry

    Chapter 7 – 'Freedom Ministry'

    Chapter 8 – 'Voice of Healing-Prayer Miistries'

    Chapter 9 – Evaluation and General Conclusion

    Mu Young Jeong, “Scope of Scientific Inquiry.” UC Berkeley TAUG, Spring 2014. This article can be accessed at:

    Noah Cho, “The Science of Christianity.” UC Berkeley TAUG, Spring 2014. This article can be accessed at:

    Seong Min (Daniel) Yoo, “The Limitations of Science and the Necessity of Faith.” UC Berkeley TAUG, Spring 2014. This article can be accessed at:

    Rachel McKee, “In Defense of Miracles.” The Dartmouth Apologia, Spring 2014. This article can be accessed at:

    Jan Hoogland, “What Does a Miracle Signify?” Transl. Jan H. Boer. Original title: “Waar is het wonder een teken van?” Sophie, June 2013, pp. 5-9.

    Willem J. Ouweneel, “Wonders and Signs.” Transl. Jan H. Boer. Sophie, September 2013, pp. 32-35.

    Kenneth D. Boa and Robert M. Bowman Jr., “Miracles as Revealed by God,” in Faith Has Its Reasons: Integrative Approaches to Defending the Christian Faith, pp. 179-198. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. A partial but expansive preview. The preview can be accessed at: Google Books

    Scott H. Hoezee, “Bright Wings: The Ever-Moving Spirit.” Calvin Theological Seminary Forum, Fall, 2007, pp. 9-10.

    Johann H. Diemer, Nature and Miracle. Transl. Wilma Bouma. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1977. Original title: Natuur en Wonder. This book can be accessed at:

    ----------, Nature and Miracle. A revised and edited edition of the Bouma translation (see above) by Chris Gousmett with additional Diemer writings translated by Kathy Vanderkloet et al, also including a Diemer biography by Herman Dooyeweerd.

    Chris Gousmett, The miracle of nature and the nature of miracle: A study of the thought of J. H. Diemer concerning creation and miracle. An unpublished thesis submitted in candidacy for the degree of Master of Philosophical Foundations. Toronto: ICS, April 1985.

    ----------, “Bavinck and Kuyper on Creation and Miracle.” Anakainosis a Newsletter for Reformational Thought, vol.7, September, December, 1984. This article can be accessed at:

    Chris Gousmett pages— Gousmett (

    His interests are in Reformational philosophy and theology, the history of thought, including history of science, and political and social theory. He now lives in Dunedin, New Zealand, where he is active as a researcher and writer. He has written extensively on miracles. The website above lists numerous Gousmett Reformational publications.

    His page is here where a number of his papers can be found.

    He blogs at hearing and doing.

    NOTE: For two more publications on this subject, go to the bottom of the Joint Kuyper / Boer Publications section on the Kuyperiana page.


    Mark Noll, “How did the Reformation Reform the Study of Nature?” Biologos, October 31, 2017.

    Alvin Plantinga, “Science & Religion: Where the Conflict Really Lies.” Lecture delivered under the auspices of the Graduate & Faculty Christian Forum at the University of British Columbia, October 2, 2013.

    ---------- with Daniel Greco, “God = ? NYU Questions World-class Philosopher Alvin Plantinga on Science & Religion.” The Veritas Forum, April 6, 2013.

    For further information, I refer you to the numerous websites dedicated to various versions of this lecture delivered at various institutions. Just google the title and you’ll get more than you bargained for.

    ----------, Where the Conflict Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

    Review by Justin L. Barret, which can be accessed at:

    Alvin Plantinga, “Does Science Show That Miracles Can't Happen?” May 22, 2013. Does Science Show That Miracles Can't Happen? Alvin Plantinga | agnus dei - english + romanian blog (

    George M. Marsden, “Science vs Religion,” part of Chapter 2 of The Outrageous Idea of Christian Scholarship. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Pp. 25-31. Preview at:

    Egbert Schuurman, trans. James C. van Oosterom, Christians in Babel. Jordan Station ON: Paideia Press, 1987(60 pp.). Original title: Christenen in Babel.

    --------, trans. Harry Van Dyke and Lammerd Tenyenhuis, Reflections on the Technological Society. Jordan Station ON: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1977 (66 pp.).

    James H. Olthuis, “The Word of God and Science.” ICS, n.d. (6 pp.).

    Sinai and Synapses—a Jewish website that bridges the religious and scientific worlds, offering people a worldview that is scientifically grounded and spiritually uplifting.

    Note from proprietor: The above description of the website assumes that religion and science are different worlds. That may be so from the Jewish perspective, but from the Reformational perspective, they are not separate items that need to be bridged, but religious perspectives are the foundation on which science is built. The religious is the pillar on which science rests.

    Physical Sciences*

    Biologos – Mission, Core Commitments, Beliefs. This is the URL:

    Subjects discussed on this page:

    Christianity and Science
    Scientific Evidence
    Biblical Interpretation
    God’s Relationship to Creation
    Human Origins

    < Biologos > constitutes a complete library on its own that a researcher should turn to for any question about Christianity/Bible/theology/philosophy connected with science. The entries below are only a few samples of the richness of this website, but more are scattered throughout this page.

    Liam Maguire, “Why I'm reforming my views on evolution.” Biologos, October 31, 2019.

    Debora Haarsma, “Some Thoughts on the March for Science.” < > On The President’s Notebook, April 26, 2017. Haarsma is President of Biologos. This article can be accessed at:

    ---------- and Loren Haarsma, “Framing the Conversation.” Biologos, March 18 2018.

    Jim Slump, “What should we think of DNA experiments and developments?” Biologos, September 11, 2019.

    The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion.

    The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion is an interdisciplinary research enterprise based in Cambridge. In addition to academic research, the Institute engages in the public understanding of science and religion by means of Courses, Conferences, Lectures, Seminars and the Media.

    The Institute and the above website are a must place for research in science and religion. Be sure to explore the site.

    American Scientific Affiliation (ASA).

    The American Scientific Affiliation, or ASA, was founded in 1941 as an international network of Christians in the sciences. As scientists, members of the ASA take part in humanity's exploration of nature, its laws, and how it works. As Christians, ASAers want to know not just how the universe operates and came into being, but why it exists in the first place.

    Perspectives on Science & Christian Faith. The Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation.

    World Rivers Day, celebrated annually the 4th Sunday of September.

    Millions of people in more than 70 countries participate in this celebration. It is a celebration of the world’s waterways. It highlights the many values of rivers and strives to increase public awareness and encourages the improved stewardship of rivers around the world.

    “Rivers are the arteries of our planet; they are the lifelines in the truest sense.”
            Mark Angelo

    Clayton Carlson, “Faith and Climate Science: Why the Church’s Response to Climate Change Matters.” The Banner, May 2018, pp. 32-34.

    Brian Clark et al, “The Christian Reformed Climate Witness Project.” In “Why My Reformed Identity Matters,” The Banner, May 2018, p. 25. See also

    Christian Reformed Church, “Resources on Climate Change:”

    “CRCNA Position on Creation Care and Climate Change”

    Centre for Public Dialogue (Canada): Climate Change

    Candice Goodchild, “Renewable Energy’s Dilemma.” CC, January 22, 2018, pp. 6-7.

    Jim Stump, “On Faith and Science Seeking Understanding: Our Top 20 Blog Posts of 2017.” Biologos.

    Sarah Clarkson, “Analysis of Genesis Helps Calm Science vs. Faith Debate.” Faith Debate.pdf (

    Lloyd Mackey, “Katharine Hayhoe: A Leading Climate Scientist and an Evangelical.” Church for Vancouver, October 12, 2017.

    Fazala Rana, “Evolutionary Paradigm Lacks Explanation for Origin of Mitochondria and Eukaryotic Cells.” Reasons to Believe, October 3, 2017.

    Aaron Sathvanesan, Seth Axen, Ian MacLaren, “Three Christian Scientists Explain Why They are Marching for Science. < > April 19, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Catherine Elvy, “Evidence for Intelligent Design,” Christian Union, Spring 2017, pp. 51-52.

    J. Richard Middleton, “Faith and Science Seeking Understanding: Evolution and the Historical Fall – What Does Genesis 3 Tell Us about the Origin of Evil?” <Biologos,> March 2, 2017.

    Jim Stump, “Adam and the Genome: Introduction.” First of four discussions of Dennis Venema and Scot McKnight, Adam and the Genome: Reading Scripture after Genetic Science. Grand Rapids: Baker, February 2017. Biologos, January 30, 2017.

    Other members of the series:

    Pete Enns, “Adam and the Genome: Some Thoughts.”

    Denis Alexander, “Adam and the Genome: Some Thoughts.”

    This series can be accessed at:

    Anjeanette “AJ” Roberts, “Fearfully and Wonderfully Made.” Website of Reasons to Believe, March 23, 2017.

    Calvin Theological Seminary, “Science-Theology Site Updated.” 1 November 2016.

    In 2014, the Synod of the Christian Reformed Church in North America asked Calvin College and Calvin Theological Seminary, both in Grand Rapids MI, to compile a list of resources on “the relationship of science and theology….” Read further at:

    The actual resource list can be accessed at:

    Stefaan Blancke, et al, eds., Creationism in Europe. John Hopkins University Press, 2014 (296 pp.).

    Stefaan Blancke, et al, “The Low Countries” in Creationism in Europe-see above--, Chapter 4.

    Dennis Danielson, “The Enigma of Galileo: Rethinking a Pivotal Episode in the History and Mythology of Science.” Lecture delivered at University of British Columbia, Nov. 13, 2013. A biography, abstract and discussion around this lecture is posted by Gordon Carkner at:
    Further information is also available at:

    --------, Select Publications, 2019.

    Jitse M. van der Meer, “European Calvinists and the Study of Nature: Some Historical Patterns and Problems.” Redeemer University College, Calvinists and Science, October 15, 2013.

    Marnix Medema and Remico Muis interviewing Mart-Jan Paul and Tom Zoutewelle, “The Current Status of Creationism.” Transl. Jan H. Boer. Original title, “Hoe staat het ervoor met het creationisme?” Sophie, 4/2013, pp. 16-19.

    Gerrit Glas, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Creation Order versus Evolutionary Chaos.” Aspecten, July 2011. Original title: “Is onze werkelijkheid chaotisch of niet?”

    Willem J. Ouweneel, "The Meaning and Function of 'Order' in the 'Creation-Order' Debate." Transl. Jan H. Boer. Original Dutch title: "Order in het scheppingsorderdebat," Sophie, June 2011, pp. 22-25.

    Steve Fuller, “Science Studies Goes Public: A Report on an Ongoing Performance.” Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science, 2009.

    Egbert Schuurman, Transl. H. Donald Morton. Technology and the Future: A Philosophical Challenge. Wedge Publishing, 1980; Amazon, 2009. About the book:

    "Professor Schuurman is one of those rare individuals who are authentically equipped to address the issues of this study. In him the engineer and the philosopher meet. ...From the outset he regards technology itself as being comprehensible only within the framework of the grand coherence of meaning that was laid down in this world of many-colored developmental potentia by the creator of heaven and earth. It is for this reason that he can boldly and openly assert that man is called to the task of technology. ...I have no doubt that the commanding scientific study presented here will have an important impact on the English speaking world." – From the Foreword, by Bob Goudzwaard

    Egbert Schuurman (born 1937) studied civil engineering at the Technical University of Delft and philosophy at the Free University in Amsterdam. He obtained his doctorate in 1972. In the same year he was appointed professor in Reformational Philosophy at the Technical University of Eindhoven. From 1983 to 1984, he was engaged in research and lecturing in the United States as part of an international research team on Responsible Technology. Since 1983, Dr. Schuurman has been a member of the Upper Chamber of the Dutch Parliament. In 1995, in Berkeley, California, he was granted a Templeton Award for his work as an educator in religion, science, and technology. Dr. Schuurman is the author of several books, including Perspectives on Technology and Culture, Technology in Christian Philosophical Perspective, Reflections on the technological Society, Faith and Hope in Technology, and Technological World Picture and an Ethics of Responsibility. Several of his books have been translated into Chinese, English, Korean, and Japanese.

    A complete bibliography of Schuurman’s English publications can be accessed at:

    Gerrit Glas, “Churchland, Kandel, and Dooyeweerd on the Reducibility of Mind States.” Phlosophia Reformata, 2002, pp. 148-172. (PDF) Churchland, Kandel, and Dooyeweerd on the reducibility of mind states (

    Magnus Verbrugge, “The Origin of Life.” Email letter to < >, December 18, 2000.

    Paul S. Taylor, “Origins of Life—References.” A collection of propositions on the subject. Films for Christ. These references are for use in conjunction with the main text. 1999.

    Charles C. Adams, “Reading the Subway Walls and Redirecting Communication Technology.” IAPCHE Contact, January 1998, insert. This article can be accessed at:

    “What I hope to do in this…essay is (among other things): Review the nature of technology and technological artifacts as seen from a Reformational perspective….”

    Plantinga, Alvin, “When Faith and Reason Clash: Evolution and the Bible.” Christian Scholar’s Review, September 1991, pp. 8-33. This article can be accessed at:

    Martin Frederick Hanna reviewed the above in Andrew University Seminary Studies, Vol. 32, No. 1, 1994, pp. 121-123.

    On Mathematics

    Gene B. Chase and Calvin Jongsma, Bibliography of Christianity and Mathematics 1910-1983. Sioux Center, Iowa: Dordt College Press.

    Association of Christians in the Mathematical Sciences (ACSM).

    The ACMS was founded in 1977 as a network of Christian mathematicians dedicated to integrating mathematics with faith and to promoting quality teaching. It has four purposes for impacting the lives of Christians in the mathematical sciences, each arising from and connected to our mission statement and statement of belief:

    1. To encourage exploration of the relationships among faith, scholarship, and teaching.
    2. To promote meaningful Christian interaction and relationships, providing a community in which there is no separation between faith life and professional life.
    3. To encourage research and writing, especially on topics exploring the relationships among faith, scholarship, and teaching.
    4. To promote innovative and effective teaching.

    22nd ACMS Conference Proceedings — The Conference Proceedings for the ACMS conference held at Indiana Wesleyan University on May 29th — June 1st, 2019 is now available.

    The Computer Science Subgroup of the ACMS consists of computer scientists and mathematicians who teach computer science. Computer science will be represented in the program at the biennial convention by a contributed paper session and a panel discussion.

    Journal of the Association of Christians in the Mathematical Sciences

    The objective of the on-line proceedings is to provide a venue for the publication and distribution of materials relating Christian belief to mathematical and computing sciences. To view the past journal articles please see the archives.

    Mathematics and Christian Faith

    Mathematical Sciences...discussions that treat various aspects of mathematics, computer science, and related fields from a Christian perspective.

    Calvin Jongsma, “Mathematics: Always Important, Never Enough: A Christian Perspective on Mathematics and Mathematics Education.” Sioux Center, Iowa: Dordt College, May 2016.

    ----------, “A Christian perspective on mathematics and mathematics education.” Journal of the Association of Christians in the Mathematical Sciences, 2006.

    ----------, Mathematization and Modern Science. Sioux Center, Iowa: Digital Collections, Dordt College, 2001.

    This fascinating book examines the tensions that have arisen between modern and postmodern views of mathematics, explores alternative theories of mathematical truth, explains why the issues are important, and shows how a Christian perspective makes a difference.

    ----------, “A Christianity and Mathematics: An analysis of differing approaches to their interrelationship.” An edited version of a talk delivered at the annauol Jubilee Conference, Coalition of Christian Outreach, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, March 8, 1980.

    Harro Van Brummelen, Co-ordinator, Mathematics in the Christian School – A Preliminary Report Resulting from a Seminar Held in Toronto in July, 1971, under the auspices of the O.A.C.S. and the A.A.C.S. (Ontario Alliance of Christian Schools and the Association for the Advancement of Christian Studies) 90 pp.

    James W. Seidel, Mathematics: Giving Classical, Christian Education Its Voice. Sioux Center, Iowa: Digital Collections, Dordt College, 2011.

    End Mathematics section

    James H. Olthuis, “The Word of God and Science.” ICS, n.d. (6 pp.).


    Calvin Institute of Technology. In Indonesian language.

    Christian Engineering Society (CES), Grand Rapids, Michigan.

    We strive to place all our work under the Lordship of Christ, whether in the academic arena, the corporate world, at home, in our community, and everywhere else. So in a sense all of life is our mission. However, these groups have a particular focus on humanitarian engineering projects that help the poor, the hungry, the physically challenged, and others who are disadvantaged.

    Organizations that tie engineering and missions together:

    If you would like to join this site to have the ability to make comments and add content, please contact Ted Song (

    Derek C. Schuurman*

    ----------. “Letter to a young IT worker: Pursue technology that serves people.” CC, October 18, 2019.

    ----------. "Modern Devices and Ancient Disciplines", Faith Today, November/December 2017, pp. 39-41.

    ----------, "Weapons of Math Destruction", In All Things, October 20, 2017.

    ----------, "Technology and the Biblical Story", Pro Rege, Vol. 46, No. 1, September, 2017, pp. 4-11.

    ----------, "Transhumanism and the Incarnation", In All Things, January 6, 2017.

    ----------, "Technology and the Biblical Story", a talk given at the 2016 Faith & Work Conference, Redeemer Presbyterian Church, New York City, November 2016.

    ----------, "Approaches to Christian Education: From Elusive Towards a Larger and Deeper Approach", Pro Rege, Vol. 44, No. 3, March, 2016, pp. 14-20.

    ----------, "The Meaning of Technology."

    ----------, "The Rapture of the Geeks", In All Things, November 5, 2015.

    ----------, "Technology and the Church", God and Nature Magazine, Fall 2015.

    ---------- and Steven H. VanderLeest, "A Christian Perspective on Artificial Intelligence: How Should Christians Think about Thinking Machines?", Proceedings of the 2015 Christian Engineering Conference (CEC), Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, WA, June 2015, pp. 91-107.

    ----------, Shaping a Digital World: Faith, Culture and Computer Technology, InterVarsity Press, 2013. Book link: The companion website for the book is here:

    Derek Schuurman, information about miscellaneous articles by Schuurman, January 3, 2020.

    Here is a list of many of my CC articles (unfortunately, only the more recent ones have web links):

    I have some other articles with Dordt's "In All Things" blog here:

    And a miscellaneous collection of various articles is available on my Calvin homepage here:

    Some videos of talks are available here:

    A companion website for my book is available here with more links:

    ----------, “The supremacy of Christ.” CC, December 10, 2012, p. 8.

    The end of Derek Schuurman section

    Engineering Ministries International Canada.

    EMI Canada is a non-profit Christian development organization mobilizing Canadian architects, engineers, surveyors, and construction managers. We use our skills to serve people worldwide through the design of hospitals, schools, water systems, and many other facilities. Together, we are designing a world of hope.

    Indigenous People's Technology and Educational Center (ITEC), Dunnellon FL.

    ITEC develops tools and training programs, trains indigenous Christ-followers, and equips others to do the same both domestically and abroad. Our goal is to eliminate the potential for dependency by partnering with, training alongside, and learning from the indigenous churches. We call this interdependency, a concept found in passages throughout the Bible, and clearly in I Corinthians 12:12-31.

    ITEC trains and develops in dental, medical, eyesight, film, mechanics, farming and aviation sectors.

    David Hataj, “Craftman's Code.” Edgerton Wisconsin: Edgerton Gear, n.d.

    Egbert Schuurman, “Technology in a Christian-philosophical perspective.” A paper presented at a seminar at the ICS, Toronto, April 1979 (15 pp.).

    Social Sciences*

    Kinesiology and Sports*

    Christian Society for Kinesiology, Leisure and Sport Studies, Journal of the Christian Society for Kinesiology, Leisure and Sport Studies, online “annual faith-integrated research in kinesiology, leisure studies, health and wellness, sport studies, recreation, physical education and related areas. Articles may be either philosophical or data-based.” Related links: health, and education, and

    2018 Annual Conference at: Judson University, Elgin, IL, USA, June 6-8.

    2019 Annual Conference at: Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, October 23-27. In conjunction with the Global Conference on Sport and Christianity.

    The Faith Driven Athlete.

    “Your Game; God's Glory.” Welcome to the Faith Driven Athlete, where faith and sports collide in authentic stories told by athletes, coaches, and sports fans.

    Gregg Twietmeyer, “What counts as success in sports?Christian scholar's Review, March 23, 2021.

    ----------, “What counts as success in sports?” Part II. Christian scholar's Review, March 24, 2021.

    ----------, “What counts as success in sports?” Part III. Christian scholar's Review, March 25, 2021.

    Paul Putz, “How the coronavirus could change America's religion of sports.” RNS, March 26 2020.

    Fredrick Nzwili, “Kenyans see 'hand of God' in Kipchoge's record-breaking marathon run.” RNS, October 17, 2019.

    Catherine Elvy, “Personal Best: Kao '18 reflects on stellar swimming season; Spiritual growth.” Student Union—The Magazine, Spring 2018, pp. 18-19.

    “The Inaugural Global Congress on Sports and Christianity.” Held at York St. John University, January 10, 2017.

    Declaration on Sport and the Christian Life.” January 10, 2017.

    Inaugural Global Congress on Sports and Christianity (IGCSC), 24-28 August, 2016. Hosted by the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, York St John University, York, UK, in collaboration with the Bible Society.

    The IGCSC website can be viewed at

    One of the keynote presentations (Prof Shirl J Hoffman) will focus on the recently published “Declaration for Sport and Christian Life”, which is a benchmark document for the field of sport and Christianity

    The London based Christian Think-Tank, Theos hopes to publish an accessible report that will comprise a number of short essays from the IGCSC.

    An International Peer-Review (Academic) Journal – There is a possibility that an International Journal on Sports and Christianity (IJSC) will be launched at the IGCSC, which will be hosted by the Centre for Sport, Spirituality and Religion at the University of Gloucestershire, UK.

    Roger D. Lipe, “Recap of the 2nd Global Congress on Sport and Christianity.” Held at Calvin University, Grand Rapids MI, October 23-27, 2019. AND See below for similar article:

    Phil de Haan, “Calvin hosts Global Congress on Sport and Christianity.” The Banner, December 2019, p 18.

    Catherine Elvy, “Huddle Up: Ministry Director Mentors Penn Football Players.” Christian Union, August 27, 2019.

    Anonymous, “Olympian loses landmark battle over testosterone.” VS, May 2, 2019. AND many more websites.

    Brian R. Bolt, Sport Faith Life. Calvin Shorts series. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Calvin College Press, September 4, 2018, in both hard cover and eBook formats. Introduction and comments.

    Wiebe K. Boer, A Story of Heroes and Epics: The History of Football in Nigeria. Ibadan: Bookcraft, 2018.

    The History of Football in Nigeria offers a deep insight into the country's social and political culture during colonial rule, showing how national sentiment grew and strengthened with the scope and popularity of the sport.. The study is an important contribution to Nigerian history and its complex colonial background.

    Professor Lamin Sanneh, Yale University

    I remember with fondness how Dr. Wiebe Boer challenged and reconstructed everything I thought I knew about African history during his time as my history professor at Calvin College. He brought his unique approach to this amazing book, and readers will put it down with a renewed sense of what unites us as Nigerians and Africans. As a fiercely passionate Nigerian and an avid football fan, I had never connected these two elements, but reading this book, I developed a deeper understanding of my history, and a clearer vision of how we can continue to grow together.

    Jude 'MI' Abaga, CEO, Chocolate City Music

    Sean Sullivan, “From Ancient Greece to Pyeongchang: The Olympics and Pseudo-Religion.” CC, February 12, 2018, p. 6.

    ----------, “God in My Sporting: A Justification for Christian Experience in Sport.” Online Journal, November 11, 2012.

    James R. Vanderwoerd, “All things new: Neo-Calvinist groundings for social work.” Social Work and Chrsitianity, Vol. 42, No. 2 (2015), pp. 121-148.

    Justine Greve, Jesus Didn't Tap: Masculinity, Theology, and Ideology in Christian Mixed Martial Arts—an abstract. University of California Press on behalf of the Center for the Study of Religion and American Culture, 2014.


    Labour, Labourers, Unions

    Lois Berkhof, The Christian Laborer in the Industrial Struggle. Grand Rapids: Eerdman-Sevensma, 1916 (31 pp.).

    Christian Labor Association (CLA)—USA. Headquartered in Zeeland, MI, USA.

    Representation with integrity. Since 1931 our balanced and inclusive approach to labor relations has provided dignity and respect for both employees and employers.

    Boer, the creator of this website, was involved in the CLA. See the BOERIANA page for information.

    Greg Chandler, “Christian labor union emphasizes cooperation.” Grand Rapids Press, Februry 13, 1998.

    Christian Labour Association of Canada (CLAC)



    Guide: The CLAC Quarterly Magazine,

    Alan Doerksen, “Christian Labour Association of Canada celebrates 50 years of growth.” CC, September 23, 2002.

    Neil Roos, “Realizing a Dream.” Guide, vol. 60, no. 6, 2012, pp. 16-19.

    “The year 1963 provided a defining moment for the civil rights movement. It also provided a defining moment for the Canadian labour movement.”

    Dolf de Zoete, ed. A Union that Works: CLAC’s Story from the Pages of the Union’s National Magazine. Mississauga: CLAC, 2012 (218 pp.).

    Bibliography of Reformational Perspectives on Labour and Unions found at:,%20Harry,%201931-,%20author%20&c=c AND .

    Edward Vanderkloet et al, Beyond the Adversary System: Essays on Industrial Relations. CLAC, 1976.

    Harry Antonides, Reclaiming Our Daily Work. 1994, 1995.
    --------, A Christian Labour Association. 1991.
    --------, Is there Room for a Christian Presence in the Public Square? CLAC and Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1987.
    --------, Socialism or Capitalism: Must We Choose? 1985.
    --------, Renewal in the Workplace: A Critical Look at Collective Bargaining. CLAC, 1982.
    --------, New Directions in Labour Relations: In Critique of Paul Weiler. 1981.
    --------, From Confrontation to Partnership. 1980.
    -------- et al, The Freedom of Work. 1968.
    --------, Some Thoughts on Christian Social Action. 196?

    CLAC Foundation Vision: “To assist in restoring positive, healthy and cooperative workplace communities for workers in need within Canada and abroad.” Through this arm, the CLAC union itself (see above) can concentrate on its own membership in Canada, while through the Foundation it can reach out to labour-related challenges both nationally and internationally. This is not an academic entry, but the information gives academics perspectives on a Christian approach to labour relations.

    Barry Slauenwhite, “How to build trust in your workplace.” Faith Today, January/February 2020.

    Bradshaw Frey et al, At Work and Play: Biblical Insight for Daily Obedience. St. Catharines ON: Paideia Press, 1986. This book can be accessed at:

    "At Work and Play is just the book to put in the hands of young Christian students. How I wish I might have had such wise (by which I mean scripturally directed) and such subjective relevant counsel when I was starting out in the early '30s! What a powerful final chapter! There is, thank God, growth of insight in the Christian Camp; the Spirit of God is at work on behalf of His (young) people." – Dr. H. Evan Runner, Calvin College

    "Pittsburgh's Fab Four have done it again! Their sequel to All of Life Redeemed seeks to show students in secular universities how to achieve an integrity that is both academically and Christianly authentic. I have not seen a better tool for the purpose." – Dr. J.I. Packer, Author: Knowing God, Professor of Historical and Systematic Theology, Regent College, Vancouver, British Columbia

    Paul Marshall et al, Labour of Love: Essays on Work. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1980 (130 pp.).

    Arnold H. De Graaff, “Get the Word!” Keynote address delivered at the Christian Labour Association of Canada's Seventeenth Annual Convention, Toronto, April 26, 1969. Rexdale ON: CLAC, April 26, 1969 (15 pp.).:

    CJL Foundation and the Christian Labour Association of Canada, Submissions to the Royal Commission Inquiry into Civil Rights in the Province of Ontario. N.p., 1964 or later.

    CJL refers to “Committee for Justice and Liberty,” but has morphed into “CPJ” or “Citizens for Public Justice” headquartered in Ottawa. Website < >

    End of section on Labour & Unions

    Peter Schuurman

    Note to Readers: Regretfully and for reasons too long to explain, only a few of these Schuurman entries have a link. For others, you can search for their sources online. Christian Courier (CC), e.g., is the most frequent source below and you can access them all online.

    The Subversive Evangelical: The Ironic Charisma of an Irreligious Megachurch. McGill-Queens University Press, 2019.

    “Redeeming a Spoiled Identity: Purge Sunday at the Anabaptist Megachurch,” Liturgy, Vol. 35, Issue 2: Liturgy and Identity, April 10, 2020, p. 3-10.

    “Megachurches in Canada: Evangelical Outposts in a Secular Society,” (with Michael Wilkinson). Handbook on Megachurches. Ed: Stephen Hunt. Brill: Leiden, The Netherlands, 2020, p. 269-283.

    “Megachurches,” in Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online, Ed: Michael Wilkinson, Conny Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson. 2019.

    “Large Canadian Churches Draw an Estimated 300,000 Worshippers Each Week: Findings from a National Study” (Lead author, Warren Bird)., March, 2015.

    “Review: God in the Details: American Religion in Popular Culture, Second Edition (Routledge, 2011) by Eric Michael Mazur and Kate McCarthy” in Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism OnlineStudies in Religion, June 2012; vol. 41, 2, pp. 324-325.

    “Review: Aimee Semple McPherson and the Resurrection of Christian America (Harvard Press, 2007) by Matthew Avery Sutton” in Studies in Religion, (2011 40:260-261).

    “Review: Words upon the Word: An Ethnography of Evangelical Group Bible Study (NYU Press, 2009) by James Bielo” in Studies in Religion, (2010 39: 602-603).

    “Sacrifice,” Entry in Dictionary of Religion and Popular Culture, ed. Michael Gilmour and Mary-Ann Beavis, Sheffield Phoenix Publications, 2012.

    “Review: Holy Mavericks: Evangelical Innovators and the Spiritual Marketplace (NYU, 2009) by Shayne Lee and Philip Luke Sinitiere” in Studies in Religion, Vol. 39 No. 3, Sept. 2010, p. 471-473.

    “Review: Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C.S. Lewis (Oxford University Press, 2008) by Michael Ward,” Calvin Theological Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, Nov. 2009.

    “Deconstructing Institutions: Derrida and the 'Emerging Church'” in DeRoo, Neal and Brian Lightbody, eds. The Logic of Incarnation: James K. A. Smith's Critique of Postmodern Religion. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2008.

    “Christian Worldview 101” Christian Educator's Journal, Vol. 3, February 2008, p. 14.

    Re-reading the Genocidal Narratives in the Bible” Christian Educator's Journal, April 2008, Vol. 47 No. 4, p. 8-11.

    Popular Publications (Sample) by Peter Schuurman:

    “Finding the Good Story: Redemptive Journalism and Global Pandemics,” Resound, Sept. 17, 2020.

    “The Hillsong Worship Industry: Is Hillsong's Worship Music About Performance Or Praise?” Christian Courier, April 23, 2018.

    “When Upside-Down is Right-Side Up: A Five-Week Series on Paradoxy” Reformed Worship, Is. 127, March 2018.

    “The Corpus of James K. A. Smith: Worldview Made Flesh” Christian Courier, Feb. 12, 2018.

    Memoir of a Kuyperian Saint.” Review of Richard Mouw, Adventures in Evangelical Civility: A Lifelong Quest for Common Ground. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2016. In CC, October 23, 2017, p. 9.

    “What Evangelicals and Mainline Christians can Learn from the Theology Matters Study” Faith Today, Jan/Feb 2017.

    “Consulting the Faithful: Conservative Persistence and Congregational Flourishing.” CC, January 23, 2017, pp. 6-7.

    “Conservative 'Theology Matters': Compelling Conviction Draws Membership,” Christian Courier, Jan. 2017.

    “Relevance is over-rated,” a review. CC, November 14, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    “Your Church Needs More Charisma...And Maybe Less,” Flourishing Congregations (blog), August 10, 2016.

    “Metamorphosis: Becoming A Christian Character: A Lenten Series,” Reformed Worship, December 2014.

    “The Brethren in Christ: Re-invigorating Denominational Culture,” Christian Courier, September 2014.

    “Permission to Talk: Reconnecting Fractured Flocks,” Christian Courier, Feb. 24, 2014.

    “CRC Pastors Take a Step Back from Christian Schools, Aug. 26, 2013.


    The Witness—A Black Christian Collective. The Witness - A Black Christian Collective ( Accessed on February 3, 2021.

    “We Are Witnesses: This Witness BCC seeks to engage its core audience by encouraging, educating, and empowering Black Christians to be stewards of the Black prophetic tradition.”

    Blaise Pascal: “The heart has its reasons the mind will never know.”

    “Clouse analyzes various types of religious experience to determine whether there are any that can bear the freight of Pacal’s suggestion. He concludes there are in fact experiences that not only generate belief in God, but also justify it in the same way intuitions of self-evidency justify scientific principles. Along the way, the book also offers a criterion for religious belief, a basis of comparing world religions, and replies to some of the most common objections to belief in God.”

    “Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) suggested that the intuitive knowledge of first principles – space, time, motion and number – is as certain as any knowledge that can be derived from reason or science. And this “heart knowledge” that enables us to intuit the principles of our world also enables us to know God.

    “But today such notions are largely disputed. Can belief in God – belief that is not merely private preference – be intelligently defended? And on what assumptions might such faith be based?

    “Clouser discusses the nature or religious belief and argues that it is formed, whether consciously or unconsciously, in response to experience. Clouser shows how belief of this sort is unavoidable, since at the core of religious experience is the same kind of intuition used to justify basic scientific principles. Rejecting the common assumption that religious belief can be “walled off” from other kinds of knowledge, he argues that it actually is one of the most influential beliefs people hold, shaping their ideas about human nature, personal destiny and ethics.”

    Rene van Woudenberg, a review in Philosophia Reformata, Vol. 67, Issue 1, 2002, pp. 89-91.

    Annotated Clouser Bibliography in This is one of these bibliographies that are rich libraries in their own right. A researcher cannot afford to skip it.

    Radio Free Acton, “RFA Redux: David LaRocca on Brunello Cucinelli's new philosophy of clothes.” December 19, 2018.

    Dayo Adewoye, “A cause for the Nigerian Church” The online home of The Christian Mind, Lagos, September 16 2019.

    ----------, “Christians in History: Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920).” The online home of The Christian Mind, Lagos, June 23 2018.

    Nurith Aizenman, “Goats and Soda: Stories of life in a changing world—A new 'Taxonomy of Corruption' in Nigeria finds 500 different kinds.” August 28, 2018.

    John W. Cooper, “What happens when we die?” CTS Forum, Spring 2010, pp. 3-4.

    John Sneep, “ Ecopsychology: An introduction and Christian critique.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 2007, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 166-175.

    The Interfaith Council for Environmental Stewardship, The Cornwall Declaration On Environmental Stewardship, 2000.

    Paul A. Marshall, “Overview of Christ and culture.” In Robert E. VanderVennen, ed., Church and Canadian culture. Lanham, New York, London: University Press of America, 1991 (pp. 1-9).

    Christian Association for Psychological Studies (CAPS), Batavia IL, USA.

    CAPS is more than a professional association; it is a fellowship. While CAPS members represent a variety of denominations, professional groups and theoretical orientations, they are united in their commitment to Christ and to professional excellence. It is this common foundational passion that compels us to engage with one another professionally, spirituall and personally.
    1200 members; 25 countries; 60 years; produced 140 journals.

    Journal of Pschology and Christianity. The Free Library.

    A peer-reviewed academic journal that is "designed to provide scholarly interchange among Christian professionals in the psychological and pastoral professions."[1] Topics covered include clinical issues, research, theoretical concerns, book reviews, and special theme areas.

    The Interfaith Council for Environmental Stewardship.

    Fellowship of the Churches of Christ in Nigeria.

    This fellowship is better known in Nigeria under its Hausa name “Tarayyar Ekklesiyoyin Kiristi a Nijeriya” and even better by its Hausa acronym “TEKAN.” It is based in Jos, Nigeria, and has emerged from the Sudan United Mission conglomeration of missions and some other individual denominations. Its members reach into the millions. This is a rich website that provides information about each of the member denominations.

    The Fellowship of Churches of Christ in Nigeria, Communique of 63rd General Assembly held at Alushi, Akwanga, Nassarawa State, Nigeria, January 9-14, 2018.

    Hamisu Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria

    The mission of Hamisu Foundation is to create, find and support programs that directly improve and promote girl child education through enlightenment and awareness programs, so as to reduce street hawking and juvenile prostitution.

    The vision of Hamisu Foundation is to be part of that change and part of the solution in improving the lives of youth, children and their families by providing programs that strengthen families during thier most difficult or challenging times.

    Stu McNish, “Conversations that matter: Do you have intentional integrity?” VS, September 4 2020.

    The ethical lines can easily get blurred when doing business online when the consequences are harder to see.

    Anthony Brown, “What does it mean for us to be egalitarian?” A sermon about gender equality delivered at First Baptist Church, Vancouver BC, August 16, 2020.

    Matt Staver, “Scalping Babies for Profit.” Orlando FL: Liberty Counsel Action, email on October 18, 2019.

    Access this website and you will find more on the same subject.

    Katelyn Beaty, “Proximity over Punditry: Seeing and Being Seen in Back Row America,” review of Seeking Respect in Back Row America, by Chris Arnade. Comment, September 5, 2019.

    Douglas Todd, “Churches doing their best to plug housing gap.” Vancouver Sun, March 28, 2019, p. A3.

    Ardee Coolidge with Heather Creekmore, “Why the Elderly Should Care about the Cause of Abundant Life.” Care Net, Abundant Life Blog, July 30, 2019.

    Eddy M. Elmer, Social Isolation and Loneliness among Seniors in Vancouver: Strategies for Reduction and Prevention: A Report to the City of Vancouver and Vancouver Coastal Health. Vancouver, BC: City of Vancouver Seniors’ Advisory Committee, 2018. Contains 45 pages of references, not counting the footnotes. City of Vancouver Seniors’ Advisory Committee, Brochure: “Social Isolation and Loneliness among Seniors-A Factsheet for Service Providers.” N.d.

    Figuring out Social Isolation.” An interview by Convivium with Ray Penning, beginning as follows, June 17, 2019:

    Convivium: The main findings come as no surprise to Cardus, but I assume will come as a surprise to an awful lot of people - the role that faith and active participation in religious communities have in combating both social isolation and loneliness. Can you elaborate on that a little bit? What did the findings mean to you?

    Ray Pennings: I think the interesting thing was we had decided on social isolation as a big question and designed this survey to do a bit of a landscape analysis and a benchmarking. So, we did not specifically set out to look up a role of any one institution.

    Peter Jon Mitchell, “Marriage the key to more stable family lives.” The Province, May 12, 2019, p. 33.

    John B. Carpenter, “A Secular Jew Makes a Surprising Discovery about Christians and American Slavery.” Grand Rapids: Acton Commentary, April 17, 2019.

    Matthew Tuininga, “Pro-Life Discipleship.” (About sanctity of life and killing). The Banner, January 2019, pp. 32-34.

    Joel Thiessen et al, “What is a flourishing congregation? Leader perceptions, definitions, and experiences..” Review of Religious Research (2019) 61:13-37. Published online November 10, 2018.

    Dorothy Vaandering, “Seven Generations: Taking Personal Responsibility for Broken Relationships of the Past.” CC, July 23, 2018, pp. 1, 3.

    Ferrukh Faruqui, “The Cultural Failing of Assisted Suicide.” The Medical Post, June 2018 (pp. 48-51).

    Ron Klok, “The Language of Feelings.” The Banner, March 2018, pp. 36-37.

    Matthew C. Halteman, “Eating toward Shalom: Why Food Ethics Matters for the 21st Century Church.” The Banner, March 2018, pp. 32-34.

    Lee Hardy, “The Fabric of Our Neighbourhoods.” Spark: The Calvin College Magazine, September 6, 2017.

    Cana Vox, “Care about Marriage?” Discover a Reading Group: "Giving marriage a voice."

    Cana Vox hosts reading groups to study and discuss the beauty of marriage as one man, one woman, for life.

    Andrea Mrozek, an interview, “Marriage vs Common Law – What the Census Overlooked.” ARPA Lighthouse News, August 22, 2017.

    Andrea Mrozek, Peter Jon Mitchell, “Building Instability.” Cardus Family Research, August 3, 2017.

    Terry Gross and Dave Davies, “New York Times’ Executive Editor on The New Terrain of Covering Trump.” Interview with Dean Baquet, the Executive Editor of The New York Times, December 8, 2016. Selected paragraphs from a transcript.

    Major points:

            Journalism is holding powerful people to account.

    Major media are "big boys. We have lawyers" and can defend ourselves in court.

    BAQUET: "And I want to make sure we're set up to cover that. I want to make sure that we are much more creative about beats out in the country so that we understand that anger and disconnectedness that people feel. And I think I use religion as an example because I was raised Catholic in New Orleans. I think that the New York-based and Washington-based too probably, media powerhouses don't quite get religion. We have a fabulous religion writer, but she's all alone. We don't get religion. We don't get the role of religion in people's lives. And I think we can do much, much better. And I think there are things that we can be more creative about to understand the country."

    The above selective transcript can be accessed at:

    Ferdinand P. Kruger and Ben de Klerk, eds., Corruption in South Africa's liberal democratic context: Equipping Christian leaders and communities for their role in countering corruption. Durbanville, South Africa: AOSIS, 2016

    Kathy Vandergrift, “All nations before God’s throne: The role of the church in reconciliation.” CC, July 13, 2015, pp. 1-2, 5.

    Tim Davy and Mark Walley, “Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Children: Shaping a Church Response.” The Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics: “Ethics in Brief,” Summer 2017 (Vol. 22; No. 5).

    Roger Abbott, “Why Do Humans Allow Suffering? Towards a Better Theology of ‘Natural’ Disasters.” The Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics: “Ethics in Brief,” Summer 2017 (Vol. 22; No. 3).

    Douglas Todd (with BC Chief Robert Joseph), “The Danger of Dualism: Residential School Story Getting…Over-simplified, Says Chief.” Vancouver Sun, April 22, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Chief Joseph: “Canadians now see the wreckage of the residential-school past and wonder how we are going to find a new way forward. I wouldn’t want to have a reconciliation that simply balances the ledger and still has hatred afterwards.”

    Eileen Scott, “Defending Life at Harvard Law School: Student Organization Gains University Recognition.” Christian Union, March 8, 2017.

    Skye Jethani, “Recapturing a Theology of Work.”

    “Jethani shares insightful thoughts on the theology of vocation and calling – and talks about what happens when the church abandons it...,” comment in Christian Union, March 8, 2017. This article is an example of the spreading influence of Reformational perspectives among Evangelicals, who not so long ago had nothing meaningful to say on this subject – Jan H. Boer

    Joan Delaney, “It must end: Time to turn the tide on abortion, says pro-life advocate.” ET, January 3-8, p. A3.

    Matthew J. Franck, “Kermit Gosnell and the Ideology of Abortion on Demand.” Review of Gosnell: The Untold Story of America’s Most Prolific Serial Killer, The Witherspoon Institute, January 27, 2017. This document can be accessed at:

    Readings related to the above and found at the same URL above:

    Negligence, Insensitivity, or Murder?Anthony Esolen, May 21st, 2013

    Kermit Gosnell: Epiphany for Birthers?John B. Londregan, May 20th, 2013

    Kermit Gosnell and the Logic of "Pro-Choice"Matthew J. Franck, May 14th, 2013

    Gosnell, Law, and Modest First StepsChristopher O. Tollefsen, May 10th, 2013

    Judge Sotomayor and Abortion on Demand: A TutorialMatthew J. Franck, July 21st, 2009

    Andrea Mrozek and Anna Buhrmann, “Parental Discipline: The Case for Keeping Section 43.” Hamilton ON: Cardus – (12 pp.).

    Andrea Mrozek, “Marriage vs. Common Law ‐ What the Census Overlooked.” Cardus Family Department, 2016.

    Eric O. Jacobsen, “Hospitable Neighborhoods.” The Banner, December 2016, pp. 17-20. This article can be accessed at:

    Melissa Moschella. To Whom Do Children Belong? Parental Rights, Civic Education, and Children’s Autonomy. Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    At the heart of the book is the idea that an intimate relationship inescapably exists between biological parent and child.

    Anna Buhrmann – Review “To Whom Do Children Belong?” Comment; Cardus Monthly, Nov. 30, 2016. This review can be accessed at:

    Milton Friesen, Charity and Social Capacity – A Roundtable Summary, Nov. 28 2016. Documentation about this effort can be accessed at:

    Marilyn McEntyre, “Learning to Let Go: Seeking Wisdom at the End of Life.” Comment, Fall 2015. This article can be accessed at:

    Suzanne Armstrong, “Summit on Canadian soil health.” CC, September 25, 2017, p. 19.

    Suzanne M. Armstrong, The Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario: Integrating Christian Principles with the Practicality of Farming, 2015 (385 pp.).

    Brian Bethune, “Why embracing our inner polygamist is good for marriage.” This book explores what humans have won, and lost, with the decline of polygamy. Macleans, March 4, 2016.

    Anne Kingston, Why it's time to face up to old age. The social and economic costs of ignoring the elderly in a society bent on denying and defying age. Macleans, October 13, 2014.

    Rollien Ebbers and Aart Deddens, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Long Live Superficial Contacts,” interview with Femmianne Bredewold. Sophie, 2/2014, pp. 18-21.

    Ray Pennings, Public religion in a privatized society: The role of Christianity in secular society. Presentation made to Members of Parliament (MP) and Senators in the Canadian Parliament, Ottawa, and co-sponsored by Conservative MP Maurice Vellacott and Liberal MP John McKay; organized by ARPA on May 4, 2010.

    Albert Weideman, Beyond Expression: A Systematic Study of The Foundations of Linguistics. Grand Rapids: Paideia Press, 2009 (240 pp.).

    Beyond Expression is a book for anyone who is interested in the Philosophy of The Cosmonomic Idea regardless of the discipline they may be in or what their particular interests may be. Beside the fact that the work is an outstanding study of the foundations of linguistics, it has the significantly added benefit of being a beautifully written and superbly clear example of how to do systematically coherent analysis in the tradition of the Cosmonomic Idea. In other words, if you really want to see “how it’s done,” this is the book for you.

    Nigerian churches as peacemakers in an ethnocentric context.

    Jalingo resolution on peace and reconciliation between the Jukun and Tiv in Taraba State, Nigeria,” August 31, 2003.

    A communiqué issued at the joint meeting of the Christian Reformed Church of Nigeria (CRCN) and the Reformed Church of Christ in Nigeria (RCCN), held at CRCN No. 1, Takum, on September 10, 2002.

    Michael Van Pelt, “Renewing Canada’s Social Architecture.” Cardus October 2008.

    Willem Ouweneel, transl. Theodore Plantinga, Heart and Soul: A Christian view of Psychology. Paideia Press, 2008 (165 pp). Original title: Hart en ziel. This book can be accessed at: http://www.reformationalpublishingpr...

    Selected Vanderwoerd Books and Book Chapters

    James R, Vanderwoerd, Secular and religious tensions in government-funded faith-based social services organizations. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, January 2003. Microsoft Word - Vanderwoerd Diss Summary a.doc (

    ---------- & Lankfhof, K. (2020). An Exploratory Study of Stalking on Christian Campuses: Does that Happen Here? Christian Higher Education, 19(3), 177-191.

    ---------- & Cheng, A. (2017). Sexual Violence on Religious Campuses. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 44, 2, 1-21.

    ---------- (2016). The Promise and Perils of Anti-Oppressive Practice For Christians in Social Work Education, Social Work & Christianity, 43, 2, 153-188.

    ---------- (2015). All Things New: Neo-Calvinist Groundings for Social Work, Social Work & Christianity, 42, 2, 121 - 148.

    ---------- (2011). Reconsidering Secularization and Recovering Christianity in Social Work History, Social Work & Christianity, 38, 3, 244-266.

    ---------- (2010). The Challenge of Fundamentalism for Social Work Ethics: Can Anti-Oppressive Social Work Include Orthodox Religion?, Canadian Social Work, 12, 2, 68-87.

    ---------- (2009). Experiences of Sexual Coercion, Awareness of Services, and Acceptance of Rape Myths Among Students in Rural Colleges, Rural Social Work & Community Practice, 14, 1, 17-28.

    ---------- (2004). How faith-based social service organizations manage secular pressures associated with government funding, Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 14, 3, pp. 239-262.

    ---------- & van der Woerd, E.R. (2020). “Is There More to This Story? Christianity in Social Work History and Implications for Social Justice” in L. Scales & M. Kelly (Eds). Christianity & Social Work: Readings on the Integration of Christianity and Social Work Practice, 6th Ed. Botsford, CT: North American Association of Christians in Social Work, pp. 63-80.

    ----------, (2012). “Social welfare in a diverse society: Loving the Neighbor You Don't Know”, in Christianity & Social Work: Readings on the Integration of Christian Faith and Social Work Practice, 4th Ed. (Eds: T.L. Scales & M.S. Kelly). Botsford, CT: North American Association of Christians in Social Work, pp. 215-234.

    ----------, (2008). “I Am Making Everything New! Biblical Themes for Macro Practice”, in Christianity & Social Work: Readings on the Integration of Christian Faith and Social Work Practice, 3rd Ed. (Eds: B. Hugen & L. Scales). Botsford, CT: North American Association of Christians in Social Work, pp. 119-138.

    ----------, (2008). “Who cares? Social welfare in a diverse society”, in Christianity & Social Work: Readings on the Integration of Christian Faith and Social Work Practice, 3rd Ed. (Eds: B. Hugen & L. Scales). Botsford, CT: North American Association of Christians in Social Work, pp. 179-196.

    Selected Vanderwoerd Book Review and Non-Peer Reviewed

    ----------, (November/December 2017). Is your daughter safer at a Christian college? Faith Today, pp. 36-38.

    ----------, (September 2017). Campus Violence And Moral Community Convivium.

    ----------, (June/July 2016). The culture of consent on campus. Convivium, pp. 19-23.

    ----------, (2011). Book review of One Hundred Years of Social Work: A History of the Profession in English Canada, 1900-2000, by T. Jennissen & C. Lundy (2011). Social Work & Christianity, 38, 3, 377-380.

    ----------, (Spring 2011). Do we need a welfare net or floor? Debating child poverty in Canada. Cardus Policy in Public, Volume 4, Number 2, pp. 64-72.

    ----------. Book review of The Poor You Have With You Alwaysby Alan Keith-Lucas in Social Work & Christianity, Fall 2010, Vol. 37 Issue 3, pp. 371-374.

    Steve Bishop, “Resources for a Christian approach to language and linguistics.”

    The lodge oath and church membership,” Study committee report no. 38 to the Christian Reformed Church (CRC) Synod in Acts of Synod, 1977, pp. 575-597.

    Additional references in CRC Agendas and Acts of Synod:

    Acts of Synod 1900, pp. 96-101
    Acts of Synod 1958, pp. 67-68, 416-22
    Acts of Synod 1974, pp. 58-60, 504-67
    Acts of Synod 1975, pp. 101, 547-69
    Acts of Synod 1977, pp. 102-6, 575-96

    The CRC has published a booklet based on the 1977 report above: The Christian Reformed position on lodge membership. Copies available on the market.

    Evans Nicholson, ed., Free Masonry on trial. Issaquah, Washington State: Free the Masons Ministries. Revised edition 2003.

    What is Free Masonry and what do Free Masons believe?

    Additional resources:

            The Secret Teachings of the Masonic Lodge by Ankerberg & Weldon
            Ex-Masons for Jesus.
            Free Masonry and the Christian Church.

    Robert D. Knudson, “Sociology.” No further bibliographical information is available, but judging from the bibliography, 1968 or later (35 pp.). This document is accessible at:

    Martin Vrieze, “Introduction to Sociology.” A stenciled document, n.p., n.d., but, judging from bibliography, 1961 or later (56 pp.).

    James H. Olthuis, “The Reality of Societal Structures.” No bibliographical data (16pp.). This article can be accessed at:

    --------, “Straddling the boundaries between theology and psychology: The faith-feeling interface.” Toronto: ICS. Originally published in Journal of psychology and Christianity, Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 1985, pp. 6-15.

    Henry R. Van Til, The Calvinistic Concept of Culture. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1959, 1972. This book can be accessed at:

    Hendrik van Riessen, Modern Society in the Light of the Lordship of Jesus Christ. N. p., n. d. (11 pp.).

    Hendrik van Riessen, trans. and ed. under supervision of David Hugh Freeman, The Society of the Future. Philadelphia: The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1952 (258 pp.).


    John Calvin in his comments on Genesis 2:15 (Genesis Commentary, 1554):

    “The custody of the garden was given in charge to Adam, to show that we possess the things which God has committed to our hands, on the condition that, being content with the frugal and moderate use of them, we should take care of what shall remain. Whoever possesses a field, so partake of its yearly fruits, that they may not suffer the ground to be injured by their negligence, but let them endeavor to hand it down to posterity as they received it, or even better cultivated. Let them so feed on its fruits, that they neither dissipate it by luxury, nor permit it to be marred or ruined by neglect. Moreover, that this economy, and this diligence, with respect to those good things which God has given us to enjoy, may flourish among us; let everyone regard themselves as the steward of God in all things which they possess. Then they will neither conduct themselves dissolutely, nor corrupt by abuse those things which God requires to be preserved.”

    The Center for Public Justice, Washington DC.

    The Center for Public Justice is an independent, nonpartisan organization devoted to policy research and civic education. Working outside the familiar categories of right and left, conservative and liberal, we seek to help citizens and public officeholders respond to God's call to do justice.

    Public Justice Review, a publication of the Center for Public Justice. Public Justice Review (PJR) explores in depth specific questions of public justice, equipping citizens to pursue God's good purpose for our political community.

    James W. Skillen and James R. Skillen, “The Trump Presidency: Everything Up for Grabs.” Klice Comment, February 10, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    James W. Skillen is founder and former President of the Center for Public Justice in Washington DC. James R. Skillen is Assistant Professor at Calvin College, Grand Rapids MI.

    ----------, “The Question of a Christian Worldview.” Washington DC: The Center for Public Justice, Public Justice Report, Vol. 28, No. 1 (March 18, 2005). The article itself is found in the Islamica/ Guest Articles section.

    ----------, “Christian politics in the 21st century.” Washington DC: Center for Public Justice, Public Justice Report, fourth quarter 1998, pp. 6-7.

    ----------, “Freedom of religion; Freedom of conscience.” Washington DC: Center for Public Justice, Public Justice Report, November-December 1996, p. 6.

    ---------- and Rockne M. McCarthy, Political order and the plural structure of society. A brief preview and the table of contents. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1991. Pp. ix, 421. ISBN 1-555-40641-6.

    “This excellent volume explores three forms of pluralist theory -- those based on historical doctrines of custom and tradition, Catholic doctrines of natural law and subsidiarity, and Calvinist doctrines of sphere sovereignty and creation -- and compares and evaluates each of these forms of pluralism within the context of American thought” (Eerdmans, 2000).

    The Acton Institute, Grand Rapids MI, USA.

    The Acton Institute is a think-tank whose mission is to promote a free and virtuous society characterized by individual liberty and sustained by religious principles.

    This direction recognizes the benefits of a limited government, but also the beneficent consequences of a free market. It embraces an objective framework of moral values, but also recognizes and appreciates the subjective nature of economic value. It views justice as a duty of all to give the one his due but, more importantly, as an individual obligation to serve the common good and not just his own needs and wants. In order to promote a more profound understanding of the coming together of faith and liberty, Acton involves members of religious, business, and academic spheres in its various seminars, publications, and academic activities. It is our hope that by demonstrating the compatibility of faith, liberty, and free economic activity, religious leaders and entrepreneurs can contribute by helping to shape a society that is secure, free, and virtuous.

    Read Our Mission & Core Principles

    ----------, The Good Society Series 1-6. Grand Rapids, 2018.

    Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR)—

    Our Mission: Through the lens of faith, ICCR builds a more just and sustainable world by integrating social values into corporate and investor actions. ICCR works by means of corporate dialogues, shareholder resolutions, roundatables and policy advocation.

    For more details go to Jan H. Boer, Caught in the middle: Christians in transnational corporations. On the Boeriana page of this website.

    Josh Zinner, "Our work to challenge SEC rule changes that would weaken corporate responsibility." ICCR, August 10, 2020.

    Reclaiming Jesus, “2020: A Call to Prayer, Fasting, and Repentance Leading to Action.” A Confession of Faith in a Time of Crisis and a declaration for action by Evangelical leaders.

    Anna Kruger, “500 million Christians urge G20 to fix broken economic architecture.” An open letter to The Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of the Group of 20 (G20).

    Samuel Gregg, “Re-broadcast on the life and impact of Michael Novak,” an interview. Grand Rapids: Acton Institute, March 11, 2020 (a recording).

    Dan Hugger, “Wilhelm Roepke: An economist against the technicians.” Acton Commentary. Grand Rapids MI: Acton Institute, December 11, 2019.

    Catholic Just War Theory – –

    Ben Johnson, “Bernie Sanders' pagan view of charity.” Grand Rapids: Acton Institute, March 11, 2020.

    Emile A. Doak, “Retreat and engage: Towards a conservatism for the common good.” Crisis, March 30, 2020.

    Jana Riess, “Mormon $100B fortune offers to do more good.” CT, February 10, 2020.

    Daniel Harrell, “The Table: On king and country—A conversation on evangelical Christians' politicial obligations.” RNS, February 11, 2020.

    Brian Dijkema, “Who’s Afraid of Social Justice? A Christian Social Justice Manifesto.Comment, August 1, 2019.

    David Schelhaas, “Why I am a Christian Democrat.” Schelhaas is Professor Emeritus of English at Dordt College, Sioux Center, Iowa. The source of this article is unknown to the creator of this website.

    Preston Pouteaux, “Caring for Politicians in a Harsh Culture.” Faith Today, July 3, 2019.

    Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR), Catalyzing Corporate Change: ICCR’s New Annual Report 2018-2019.

    Andrew Stephens-Rennie, “Revillaging: transforming charitable food ministry to an agent of shalom.” Church for Vancouver, May 16, 2019.

    Ben Johnson, “Study: Socialism turns people into liars.” ACTON Institute Powerblog, April 15, 2019.

    Benyamin F. Intan, “Religious Freedom and the Pancasila-based State of Indonesia: A Neo-Calvinist Idea of Principled Pluralism.” CTJ, April 2019, pp. 57-90

    Isaac N. Mutua, “The 2020 Kenyan Election: A test for the Handshake and its Agenda.” March 1, 2019.

    ----------, “Surprising handshake that brought tranquility.” August 26, 2018.

    Kathy Vander Grift, “War-Talk:” Canadian Council of Churches, “Principles of Peace.” The Christian Reformed Church on peace and war. CC, November 26, 2018, p. 13.

    Joseph Sunde, “The sharing economy: How do we maintain a culture of ownership?” Acton Institute Powerblog, November 13. 2018.

    Council for World Mission (CWM—a partnership of churches in world mission), “ Ecumenical Panel Releases Joint Statement on Alternative Financial and Economic Architecture.” May 3, 2018.[1]

    Greg Herrick, “Paul and Civil Obedience in Romans 13:1-7.” N.p., n.d.

    Association for Reformed Political Action (ARPA)–
    ARPA Canada | Association for Reformed Political Action

    It should be noted that ARPA articles are random selections. The organization has itself by now published an entire library on a wide range of issues from at least a Reformed if not Reformational perspective. You do well to peruse their website, especially its political work, while their work is also scattered under other various heading. Your best bet is using the FIND < control F > function to find all of ARPA on this page. Even better, go to their website.

    Mark Penninga, “You Are Invited to the Anti-Revolutionary Party!” ARPA blog: Canadian Politics, April 8, 2019.

    Mark Penninga, “Opinion: Time and Place for Spanking.” VS, December 5, 2015.

    See www.keep43.can for supporting arguments.

    See for opposing view.

    NOTE from proprietor of this website: I am the product of a tradition of occasional reasonable spanking when deserved, and I emerged a humane, highly educated and successful person from a peasant background with no spanking baggage to sour my life. The same holds true for all 9 of my siblings as well as for the 12 and 10 siblings of my father and mother respectively. It is not spanking that is the problem, but the attitude with which it is done and its consequent severity. Is personal Canadian humaneness challenged at this front?

    --------, “British Columbia shows restraint in COVID-19 response.” April 24, 2020.

    --------, “ARPA launches brand new campaign!” January 29, 2020.

    --------, “Suicide is always a human tragedy.”

    --------, “You Are Invited to the Anti-Revolutionary Party!” ARPA blog: Canadian Politics, April 8, 2019.

    --------, Letter re: Bill C-14, “To the Dear Honourable Members of the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights,” April 29, 2016 – – re. euthanasia law.

    --------, Building on Sand: human dignity in Canadian Law and Society.

    ARPA, “ARPA Canada Applauds Supreme Court for Recognizing Limits of Judicial Authority.” May 31, 2018.

    --------, “Censoring the Bible—State Board Tells Christian School to Stop Reading Offensive verses.” Lighthouse News, June 20, 2017.

    Andre Schutten, No Neutral Ground: A Christian Critique of the Secular Onslaught in Provincial Education Systems. Ottawa: ARPA Canada, 2015.

    “There is no neutral ground in the universe. Every square inch, every split second is claimed by God, and counterclaimed by satan.” – C.S. Lewis

    Alex Schadenberg, Executive Director, Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, a subsidiary of Association for Reformed Political Action (ARPA). <>

    Ben Johnson, “4 Ways Protestants Approach the Government” (video). ACTON Institute Powerblog, November 13, 2018.

    Joseph Sunde, “The sharing economy: How do we maintain a culture of ownership?” Grand Rapids: Acton Institute Powerblog, November 13, 2018.

    Jordan J. Ballor, “Good Markets: Adam Smith and the common sense of commercial society.” CC, November 12, 2018.

    Calvin Burgess, “T. Y. Danjuma, Dominion Farms and the Secret Files.” Satellite Times, March 25, 2018.

    Supporting Data: “Calvin Burgess.”

    Related SourceWatch articles:

    Dominion Farms Limited
    Global Land Grab
    Yala Swamp
    Bondo District, Kenya

    References: Jump up↑ Management Team, Dominion Farms, Accessed February 26, 2012.

    Matthew Cooke about Matthew Tuininga, “Tuininga Speaks about ‘Politics and the Kingdom of God.’” The Banner, May 2018, p. 29.

    Phil Tanis, “Panel works for economic and climate justice.” World Council of Reformed Churches, April 25, 2018.

    Fellowship of the Churches of Christ in Nigeria, “Communique.” General Assembly held at Alushi, Akwanga, Nassarawa State, Nigeria, January 9-14, 2018.

    Andre Schutten and John Sikkema, “Separation of church and state, but not faith and politics.” Concluding chapter to Andre Schutten and John Sikkema, “Opportunity and Temptation: A Reformed Christian legal perspective on church discipline in Canada.” Hamilton ON: CRFI, 2018 (pp. 19-20).

    Anonymous, “How the Specter of Communism Is Ruling Our World.” The Epoch Times Special Series. A serialization of a translation from the new Chinese book with the title of this article, by the editorial team of the Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party.

    Ron Kuipers, “From the Roots: Religion and the Public Life of the Liberal Democracy.” Lecture delivered at an Interdisciplinary Studies Conference “'Glorious and Free’?! Generous Citizenship for the Next 150,” The King’s University College, Edmonton, 2017. Listen to Ron’s talk.

    Lloyd Rang, Prayer and Action in Politics. CC, December 11, 2017, p. 9. The actual title: “The Limits of Thoughts and Prayers.”

    Joshua Harris, “Corporate Crossroads: Working Towards Sustainable Development Goals in Global Business.” CC, November 27, 2017.

    Lloyd Rang, Prayer and Action in Politics. CC, December 11, 2017, p. 9. The actual title: “The Limits of Thoughts and Prayers.”

    Cheryl Mahaffy, “Edmonton Farmer Battles to Protect Prime Land from Urban Sprawl.” CC, May 22, 2017, pp. 1-2.

    --------, author; Jan H. Boer, editor. “Making Your Own History,” selected excerpts from Skillen’s “Politics, Pluralism, and the Ordinances of God.” In H. Vander Goot (ed.), Life Is Religion: Essays in Honor of H. Evan Runner. St. Catharines: Paideaia Press, 1981. Pp. 195-206.

    Sean Speer, “Lost in the Aggregate: Our Government doesn’t Need More Rules; It Needs More Judgement.” Comment, February 2, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Abram Van Engen. “Advancing God’s Kingdom: Calvinism, Calvin College, and Betsy DeVos.” Religion & Politics, a Project of the John C. Danforth Center on Religion & Politics, January 30, 2017. This document can be accessed at:

    Jonathan Chaplin, “The Right Kind of ‘Secular State’ – A Christian Perspective.” KLICE Comment, January 2017.

    ----------, “The gospel and politics: Five positions.” A paper to accompany the teaching manual for a course Chaplin taught at the University of Toronto, 1985. Toronto: ICS, 1985.

    Aaron Gunn, “Unscrewing the Millennials.” C2C Journal, December 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Gunn is the Executive Director of Generation Screwed, a university campaign of the Canadian Tax Federation that aims to make the Millennial generation aware of the critical state of affairs with respect to the Canadian national debt with which the senior generation together with the Boomers have and still are saddling Millennials. The article not only speaks of the debt itself, but also of the force of political correctness on our campuses, the increasing restraint on freedom of speech and organization, and of irresponsible handling of public finance.

    Probably Gunn has never heard of Reformational philosophy, but his article is so full of facts and tendencies and so emphasizes responsible public finance that it fits well on this page where genuine facts, emphasis on freedom and responsibility in public administration are important underlying issues.

    Peter Berkowitz, “Why the Right Splintered But the Left United.”, November 2, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Note: This article is included here for what it says clearly about the basics of contemporary liberal ideology. The explanation of that ideology is very much in line with Reformational perspectives and experience in both Canada and the USA.

    Redeemer Center for Faith & Work, “Civility in the Public Square.” Christian Union News, November 2, 2016.

    Christian faith demands a high view of human beings. If Christians are indeed called to compassionately steward our respective polities, then we are also called to a kind of civic engagement that wisely assesses our state of affairs with the type of nuance that transcends a liberal/conservative divide. Nicholas Kristof (Pulitzer Prize winning New York Times columnist), John Inazu (author of Confident Pluralism), and best-selling author and pastor Tim Keller discuss rediscovering civility and dignity in the public square...

    Turn to the following for the entire event:

    Stephen C. Perks, The Politics of God and the Politics of Man: Essays on Politics, Religion and Social Order. Taunton UK: Kuyper Foundation, 2016 (330 pp.). This book can be accessed at:

    Guy Brandon, “Crumbling Foundations: A Biblical Critique of Modern Money.” Jubilee Centre, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    John Bowlin (Ed.), Calvinism and Democracy – New Essays in Reformed Theology and Public Life. The Kuyper Center Review, Princeton Theological Seminary, vol. 4. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014. This book can be accessed at:

    Note from Jan Boer, creator of this website: Most of the essays in this book discuss Kuyper writings, many of which can be found either partially or wholly on the Kuyperiana page of this website.

    Luke Foster, “More than Money.” Report on lecture by Robert Doll, the keynote speaker at an event hosted by The Veritas Forum ( The Ivy League Christian Observer, Fall, 2013, p. 5. Can be accessed at:

    Aart Deddens, “A place to Stand: African Independence Dependent on Her Own Strengths and Creativity.” An interview with Henk Haenen and Anthony Otieno Ong’ayo. Sophie, September 2013, pp. 28-31.

    Lans Bovenberg,transl. Jan H. Boer, “Love as Risk-Bearing Capital: The Good Life and Economics.” Original title: “Liefde als risicodragend kapitaal: Over het goede leven en economie.” Sophie, 4/2013, pp. 10-13.

    Bruce C. Wearne, “Calvinism and Politics.” Zadok Reading Guide, June 20, 2013.

    Jeffrey Haynes, An introduction to international relations and religion. London and New York: Routledge, 2nd edition, 2013. PDF

    Buijs, G.J., 2012, “Worldview, the credit crisis and the ‘unity of life.’ From ‘framework’ to ‘deep commitment’.” Koers – Bulletin for Christian Scholarship 77(1), 2012 (9 pp.). This article can be accessed at:

    Roel Jongeneel, trans. Jan H. Boer, “European Christian Democrats in Crisis: Relational Economy as Solution.” Original title: “Europese christendemocraten in de crisis: Relationele economie als antwoord.” Sophie, October 2012, pp. 4-7.

    Zamani B. Kafang, Integrity and Politics in Nigeria. Nigeria: Zoe Graphics, 2011 (60 pp.)

    Roel Jongeneel, trans. Jan H. Boer, “The Concept of Interest: History, Philosophy, Theology. Modernity.” Original title "Met Rente," Sophie, March 2011, pp. 28-31.

    Hoogland, Jan. “The Problem of ‘Christian’ Politics.” Transl. Jan H. Boer. Original title: “Zou Jezus op een ‘christelijke’ partij stemmen?” Sophie, 3/2011, pp. 26-27.

    Michael Novak, “How Christianity Created Capitalism.” Acton’s Religion & Liberty, vol. 10, no. 3. July 20, 2010.

    Cornelis Van Dam, God and Government: A Biblical perspective on the role of the state. Presentation made to Members of Parliament (MP) and Senators in the Canadian Parliament, Ottawa, and co-sponsored by Liberal MP John McKay and Conservative MP Maurice Vellecott; organized by ARPA on March 3, 2009.

    ----------, The Promise of the Future. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 2000 (534 pp.). PDF

    Jeong Kii Min, Sin and Politics: Issues in Reformed Theology. New York: Peter Lang, 2009.

    Publishers: This is a preview. The total pages displayed will be limited. Yes, but a large chunk here is better than a mere listing. This document can be accessed at:

    Note from website proprietor: I do not know to what extent this work is Reformational in its inspiration. However, it is valuable to have a Korean Reformed perspective represented on this page.

    Steve Monsma, Healing for a Broken World: Christian Perspectives on Public Policy. Wheaton: Crossway Books, 2008. This book can be accessed at:

    Bruce C. Wearne, Cultivating Care within a Vulnerable Economy: An Annotated Bibliography of the English Writings of Bob Goudzwaard 1967-2008. Port Lonsdale, Australia, June 2008 (105 pp). Contains links to most of Goudzwaard’s works. This document can be accessed at:

    Kent A. Van Til, “Subsidiarity and Sphere-Sovereignty: A Match Made in ….?” Theological Studies 69, 2008 (pp. 610-636). This article can be accessed at:

    Paul Marshall, “Conceptual issues in contemporary religious freedom research.” International Journal for Religious Freedom (IJRF), International Institute for Religious Freedom (IIRF) of World Evangelical Alliance (WEA). Vol. 1, Issue 1, 2008 (p. 7ff) (156 pp.)

    ----------, “Human Rights.” Prague: Comensius Institute, 2008 (11 pp.)

    ----------, “Two types of rights.” Abstract including full references. Canadian Journal of Political Science, December, 1992 (pp. 661-676).

    ----------, “Liberalism, Pluralism and Christianity.” Revised version of “Liberalism, Pluralism and Christianity: A Re-Conceptualization.” Fides et Historia, vol. xxi: 3, October 1989, pp. 4-17.

    ----------, Human Rights Theories in Christian Perspective. Toronto: ICS, 1983. Find this and parallel documents by Marshall on the Islamica page of this website: Christians and Muslims: Parameters for Living Together, volume 8-2 of the series Studies in Christian-Muslim Relations, Appendix 87.

    Stephen Lazarus, “Vocations, Vacations and Politics in Public.” Comment, Summer 2007. This article can be accessed at:

    Hans-Martien ten Napel, “Multicultural democracy: In search of a Reformed approach,” REC Focus, June 2006, pp. 89-103.

    African Forum on Religion and Governance, Official statement of a conference held in Abuja, Nigeria, on July 25-28, 2006. For the text, see Jan H. Boer, Christians and Muslims: Parameters for Living Together, vol. 8-2 of the series Studies in Christian-Muslim Relations. Belleville ON, Canada: Essence Publishing, 2009, pp. 159-163. Also see Then go to the Index, pp. 541-542 for further references to the Forum. I recommend a serious perusal of the entire series for much more on this subject, especially the 100+ appendices.

    Africa Forum on Religion and Governance AND the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), “Nigeria Christian Creed on Governance.” See Jan H. Boer, Christians and Muslims: Parameters for Living Together, vol. 8-2 of the series Studies in Christian-Muslim Relations, Belleville ON, Canada: Essence Publishing, 2009, pp. 159-161. Accessible at, Appendix 100.

    Michelle Hughes and Clinton E. Stockwell, “Reflections on Practice: Experiential Education as Personal and Social Transformation.” Contact, IAPCHE, January 2005, insert (16 pp.). This article can be accessed at:

    Ndidi Okonkwo Nwuneli, Proposal – Walking on the Elevated Avenue: Insights from the Successes and Failure of Ordinary Christians, as They Struggle to Exemplify Jesus Christ in the Fast-paced International Business World. March 18, 2003.

    ----------, Working for God in the marketplace: Insights from the successes and failures of ordinary Christians, as they struggle to exemplify Jesus Christ in the fast-paced international business world. Lagos: Samtob Ventures, 2005.

    ----------, “The role of faith and belief in modern Africa.” TED Global, 2017 (a recording).

    Google Ndidi Nwuneli and you will find a score of amazing websites.

    Email: < >.

    Ndidi Nwuneli is the founder and managing partner of LEAP Africa, a consulting, training and coaching organization. Prior to establishing this company, Ndidi started two nonprofit organizations focused on promoting entrepreuneurship in Nigeria. Ndidi also worked as a management consultant with the Bridgespan Group and with McKinsey & Company’s Chicago, New York and Johannesburg offices.

    “Corporate America, characterized by individualism and cut-throat competition, presents unique challenges for Christians. Caught in the web of 14-16 hour days and weekend work, many Christians have little or no time for the spiritual support and fellowship that they so desperately need and desire. Christians rarely become active members of local churches or participate in weekly Bible studies or fellowships. As they struggle to find time to fellowship with God, they also face the unique pressures and stressed of corporate America. These believers crave support to help them through the maze.”

    Contributor, “Ndidi Nwuneli Writes on What Every Entrepreneur Should Know about Starting .” February 11, 2016.

    R. Paul Stevens, ed., “The Almighty (and the) Dollar.” Vocatio, Vancouver: Regent College Foundation, Vol. 5, No. 1, August 2001.

    “This issue.arises from a vigorous discussion during the Christian in the Marketplace Conference, Regent College, February 10, 2001” —R. Paul Stevens, ed.

    Steve Brinn, “New financial twists; Same old fallen world.” Pp. 1-5.

    V. Philips Long, “Good, bad or indifferent? Wealth according to the Old Testament.” Pp. 6-10.

    R. Paul Stevens, “Wealth: a blessing, a temptation or a sacrament?” Pp. 11-13, 16.

    John G. Stackhouse, Jr., “Money in Christian History.” Pp. 17-20.

    Ronald J. Sider, “Is there a Biblical definition of economic justice?” Pp. 21-24.

    Don Flow, “Toward a theology of profit.” Pp. 25-28.

    R. Paul Stevens, “The marketplace: Mission field or mission?Crux, Vancouver: Regent College, September 2001, pp. 7-16.

    Robert A. Sirico, The Entrepreneurial Vocation. Grand Rapids: Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty, 2001 (39 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    John Witte Jr. and Joel A. Nichols. Religion and the American Constitutional Experiment. Boulder, CO: Westview Pres, 2000, fourth edition.

    – A brief summary of the book

    – A review by James W. Skillen.

    A revised version of this review has appeared in Calvin Theological Journal, Nov., 2000, pp. 368-370.

    Chris Gousmett, Christianity and Politics: A Reformational Perspective. Potchefstroom: Institute for Reformational Studies, Potchefstroom University, December 1999 (62 pp.).

    Calvin P. Van Reken and Peter Vander Meulen, The church's role in social justice. CTJ, 1999 (pp. 198-202).

    Fred Van Geest, “A Reformed Christian perspective on global justice and political economy.” Paper delivered at the “Conference on Justice” at Huntingdon College, Montgomery, Alabama, March 20-22, 1998. Dordt College: Pro Rege, September, 1999 (pp. 9-23).

    Nick Loenen, Citizenship and democracy: A case for proportional representation. Dundurn, September 1, 1997.

    Pandang Yamsat, “A Christian concept of politics.” A paper read at the Jos-Bukuru Theological Society, n.d., but in the 1990s (12 pp.).

    John L. Hiemstra

    The following Hiemstra series is not easily accessible if you don't live in Canada and even then you may have to do some traveling. I include them, because this represents a practical and hard hitting political approach based on the Reformational concept of pluralism in education and, especially, in the media. For those interested in pluralism in Canada, this body of literature is a must.

    Angela Reitsma Bick interviewing Dr. John Hiemstra, “Trans Mountain Diet: Canada needs normative de-growth, not more pipelines.CC, May 27, 2019, pp. 1, 3.

    John L. Hiemstra, “Calvinist pluriformity challenges Liberal assimilation: A novel case for publicly funding Alberta's private schools, 1953-1967.”

    ----------, “Government relations with religious non-profit agencies in Alberta: Public accountability in a pluralist society.” Calgary: Canada West Foundation, 1999 (20 pp.).

    ----------, Worldviews on the air: The struggle to create a pluralistic broadcasting system in the Netherlands. Lanham Md: University Press of America, 1997 (174 pp).

    ----------, “Increasing federal deficits in an age of economic growth: Is no one responsible?” Lecture delivered to the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association, St. Catharines Ontario: Brock University, June 2-4 1996 (43 fiches).

    ----------, “Amending the 'institutional approach' for the role played by worldviews in policy making: A case study of 'territorial plurality' and the accommodation of non-geographical plurality in Canadian broadcasting policy.” Lecture delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association, Ottawa, June 6-8 1993 (on microfiche 70 of 73).

    ----------, “A submission to the Special Joint Committee on a Renewed Canada regarding the Government of Canada's proposals in Shaping Canada's Future Together.” Department of Politicial Science, The King's College, Edmonton, December 4, 1991.

    ----------, “Genuine Canadian Content: Fair access to broadcasting for all worldview streams in Canadian Society. Submission to the Camnadian Radio-Television and Tewlecommunications Co0mmission on a Review of the policy on Religious Broadcasting.” Department of Politicial Science, The King's College, Edmonton. N.d.

    ----------, “Oral presentation: CRTC Hearings on Religion in Broadcasting, based on the written submission: Genuine Canadian Content: Fair Access to Broadcasting for all Worldview Streams in Canadian Society.” Department of Politicial Science, The King's College, Edmonton. N.d.

    ----------, The role of worldviews in the politics of accommodation: A case study of the Dutch broadcasting policy (1919-1930). Unpublished dissertation for the Faculty of Graduate Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Political Science, University of Calgary, December 1992.

    ----------, “Trudeau's political philosophy: The role of federalism in assimilating the 'French Canadians.'” Lecture delivered to the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association, Victoria BC, May 27-29 1990 (On microfiches 2 and 3).

    ----------, “Politics in Canada.” Vancouver: Regent College, 1986. Audiobook on cassette.

    ----------, Trudeau’s Political Philosophy: Its Implications for Liberty and Progress. Toronto: ICS, 1983 (107 pp).

    Shinder Purewal, The Politics of Multiculturalism in Canada, 1963-1971, a master’s thesis for Simon Fraser University, Vancouver BC, 1988/1992.

    Purewal is not a Reformational scholar, but his thesis will help scholars to further understand the dynamics of Canadian multiculturalism and provides further background to the studies by H. J. Groenewold (1978) and John L. Hiemstra (1983), both listed in this section.

    “The thesis concludes… that while other reasons may have existed, the main objective of Trudeau in introducing multiculturalism was to win ethnic votes, and to counter the demands of Quebec nationalists for special status.”

    Norman De Jong in collaboration with Jack Van Der Slik, Separation of Church and State: The Myth Revisited. Jordan Station, Ontario: Paideia Press, 1985. This book can be accessed at:

    Ben Vandezande, ed. Government is For your Good: A Series of Study Guides on Christian Citizenship. St. Catharines ON: Outreach Niagara, 1979.

    Bob Goudzwaard, trans. Josine Van Nuis-Zylstra, Capitalism and Progress: A Diagnosis of Western Society. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1979. Original title: Kapitalisme en vooruitgang. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1978. This book can be accessed at:

    H. J. Groenewold, Multiculturalism: Can Trudeau’s Liberalism Tolerate It? St. Catherines, Canada, 1978 (56 pp.).

    Harry Antonides, Multinationals and the Peaceable Kingdom. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1978. This book can be accessed at:

    Jan Dengerink, The Idea of Justice in Christian Perspective. Transl. Robert D. and Ali M. Knudsen. Toronto: Wedge Publishing Foundation, 1978 (59 pp.). Reprinted with permission from The Westminster Theological Journal, vol. 39, no. I, Fall 1976. The article can be accessed at:

    Bob Goudzwaard, eds. Bernard Haverhals and Bernard Zylstra, “Economic Stewardship Versus Capitalist Religion.” A series of lectures delivered by Goudzwaard at the ICS, Toronto, 1972, a scanned typed document. This document can be accessed at:

    J. D. Dengerink, “The Power of the Reformation in Political Life.” N.p; n.d. (6 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    S. A. de Graaf, Transl. P. J. Boodt, Christ and Government. No bibliographical information. Scanned stenciled document (10 pp.). This article can be accessed at:

    H. J. Strauss, trans. Phil Brouwer, “Politics, Economic Dilemmas and Trade-Unionism.” N. d; n. p., though Strauss was/is of the University of the Orange Free State (34 pp.).

    Interfaith Center for Corporate Responsibility –

    “Inspired by faith; Committed to action”

    “Shareholders calling the world’s most powerful companies to address their impact on the world’s most vulnerable communities.”

    “…an organization of church and religious institutional investors concerned about the social impact of corporations and the application of social criteria to investments.”

    For further details, see Jan H. Boer, Caught in the Middle: Christians in Transnational Corporations. Jos, Nigeria: Institute of Church & Society, 1992, pp. 135-138, on < boeriana > page of this website.

    The Taskforce on the Churches and Corporate Responsibility, “an ecumenical coalition of the major churches in Canada.”

    Members “have committed themselves to respond to the needs of vulnerable population groups wherever the decisions of Canadian banks or corporations appear to have an adverse effect on people, who have no power to affect those decisions themselves. Denominational representatives urge corporations and backs to correct policies and to crease activities that contribute to social injustices. They are in turn supportive of private sector endeavours that are socially sensitive and responsible.”

    For further details, see Jan H. Boer, Caught in the Middle: Christians in Transnational Corporations. Jos, Nigeria: Institute of Church & Society, 1992, pp. 133-135.

    Christian Business Men's Connection (CBMC).
    Chattaooga, Tennesee, USA.

    CBMC is a global men's ministry, founded during the Great Depression, that equips business and professional men to lead well, impact their communities and engage The Great Commission. Today, men are experiencing authentic relationships that result in Christ-led businesses and Christ-centered families.

    Canadian Christian Business Federation (CCBF). Guelph, ON, Canada.

    CCBF is a members-based and members-driven organization that focuses its resources on connecting Christian business leaders to each other and to God, and enhancing their success. That is accomplished through proven, biblically-based professional development, partnering, innovation and peer accountability, continually proclaiming and operating with an eternal perspective, and supporting other like-minded people and organizations all to the Glory of God.

    Christian Business Network (CBN).

    Vision: To build a global community of Christian professionals known to be trustworthy in character, professional in conduct, faithful in commitments, exceptional in service, and loyal to Christ.

    Christian Business Council (CBC). Lodi, California.

    David D. Friedman, “In defence of Thomas Aquinas and the just price.” History of political economy. Duke University Press, 1980.

    Read free for 30 days— 1980 — In Defense of Thomas Aquinas and the Just Price — David Friedman | Prices | Thomas Aquinas (

    Meeting of Deputies of Anti-Revolutionary Party, trans. Bernard Zylstra, “Statement of the Principles and General Political Program of the Anti-Revolutionary Party.” Utrecht, The Netherlands, June 10, 1961, with an Introduction by Jan H. Boer for its republication by the Institute of Church and Society, Jos, Nigeria, 1977.

    Gordon Idang, “Tribalism in church and society: Diagnosis and prescriptions.” Ibadan: ICS, n.d., but early 1970s.


    Christian Legal Society. Springfield VA, USA. [contact via email]

    Christian Legal Society is dedicated to serving Jesus Christ through the practice of study of law, the defense of religious freedom and life, and the provision of legal aid to the needy.

    Founded in 1961, Christian Legal Society (CLS) seeks to fulfill God's command found in Micah 6:8 by bringing glory to God by inspiring, encouraging, and equipping Christian lawyers and law students, both individually and in community, to proclaim, love, and serve Jesus Christ through the study and practice of law, through the provision of legal assistance to the poor and needy, and through the defense of the inalienable rights to life and religious freedom.

    Among its many resources are Christian legal studies and publications.

    The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms PDFs provided by the Government of Canada, online: < >.

    Christian Legal Fellowship

    As Christian legal professionals, we are heirs to a tradition of legal thought that bears on many of the most pressing questions facing our culture and profession. We also understand that the practice of law is a vocation: a calling from God. We believe it is our responsibility to work with others to pursue what justice requires in a free and democratic society.

    Christian Legal Journal.

    The Christian Legal Journal is the periodic publication of the Christian Legal Fellowship (CLF). The Journal addresses relevant legal issues from a Christian perspective. Its scholarly articles are written by high-profile professionals and are designed to encourage members in their legal career path, keeping them informed of current legal issues impacting the Christian community. All members of the Christian Legal Fellowship automatically receive a subscription to the Christian Legal Journal.

    The Journal of Law and Religion. Cambridge University Press.

    Jim Joosse, “The Church and Human Rights and Theology.” CC, Nov. 9, 2020.

    Andre Schutten and John Sikkema, “Opportunity and Temptation: A Reformed Christian Legal Perspective on Church Discipline in Canada.” January 21, 2019.

    This paper is the third in a series of presentations made at the Cardus Religious Freedom Institute's Symposium on the Intersection of Civil and Canon Law.

    Alexander Laschuk, “The Role of Canon Law in the Catholic Tradition and the Qjuestion of Church and State.” January 14, 2019.

    Francis Morrissey, “Canon Law and Its Intersection with Civil Law throughout Canadian History.” January 7, 2019.

    Benjamin Perrin, “What would Jesus think of our criminal justice system and why should you care?.” Church for Vancouver, November 22, 2018.

    Gary Shapiro, “Biblical Jurisprudence: Law School Seminar Examines Old and New Testaments.” Student Union—The Magazine, Spring 2018, pp. 42-43.

    Brett Scharffs, “Why Religious Freedom? Why the Religiously Committed, the Religiously Indifferent and Those Hostile to Religious Should Care.” April 20, 2017.

    Thomas F. Farr, “Religious Freedom and the Common Good: The Importance of Religious Actors and ideas in Public Life.” February 23, 2017.

    Faisal Bhabha, “Religious Freedom in a Multicultural Society,” January 10, 2017.

    Andrew Bennett, “Religious Freedom as a Fundamental Freedom.” January 10, 2017.

    Andre Schutten and John Sikkema, “Opportunity and Temptation: A Reformed Christian legal perspective on church discipline in Canada.” Hamilton ON: CRFI, 2018.

    Trinity Western University*

    Ian Peach, “This Charter applies...”: The Supreme Court of Canada's Fundamental Error in the Trinity Western University decisions. Constitutional Forum, Vol. 30 No. 1 (2021). PDF

    Geoffrey Trotter, “TWU law school case: Implications for the Evangelical community.” Church in Vancouver, September 19, 2018.

    Derek Ross, “An Illiberal Outcome: A Lawyer Examines the Supreme Court's Trinity Western (University) Ruling.CC, July 9, 2018 (p. 6).

    Kate Shellnutt, “Canada's Supreme Court rejects country's only Christian law school: Trinity Western University's loss over its LOGBT stance is seen as a blow to religious freedom.” CT, June 15, 2018.

    Kristopher Kinsinger, “TWU Has Charter Right to Be a Distinct Entity.” VS, December 15, 2017.

    “In Support of TWU Law School.” Submissions to The Law Society of BC in Support of the Law School Application of Trinity Western University, 2014. These submissions can be accessed at:

    Kate Tracy, “Canada's first Christian Law School approved despite gay lifestyle ban: Trinity Western University overcomes opposition from other law school deans.” CT, December 19, 2013.

    NOTE: Subsequent developments have led to the rescindment of the above legal decision. At the time of this writing (January 2020), the legal battle is still raging.

    Dwight Newman, “On The Trinity Western University Controversy: An Argument for a Christian Law School in Canada.” Constitutional Forum, Vol. 22, Number 3, 2013.

    Lawyers for Jesus--- **

    Are you conservative, liberal, none of the above? Why does what we believe about politics matter? And what does it say about what we value?

    Lawyers for Jesus is hosted by the partners at the law firm Mauck & Baker, LLC located in downtown Chicago. We are Christian attorneys serving God in the legal field, from estate planning to civil liberties. Each week on Lawyers for Jesus, the attorneys of Mauck & Baker cover topics relating to the Gospel in the law, society, politics, in the marketplace, and more. Our past guests have included experts on religious freedom, Christian activists, ministry leaders, politicians, and other prominent, interesting figures of today! Tune in everyday on AM 1160 for Lawyers for Jesus Radio. Each week, the attorneys from Mauck & Baker will cover a variety of topics relating to the Gospel in law and in the marketplace.
    Weekdays at 6:30 pm
    Saturday at 3:00 pm
    Sunday at 12:30 pm
    Listen live to AM 1160 by clicking here.
    You can also listen to the Lawyers for Jesus podcast on, on iTunes, and SoundCloud.

    Bruce Pardy, “Welcome to Law School, where feelings are more important than facts.” ET, December 19-26, 2019, p. A4.

    Nicole Russell, “Why Progressives are freaking out about Trump's judicial appointments.” ET, December 19-26, 2019, p. B5

    We Need a Law, “Pro-life: A Personal and Political Position.” April 2019.

    Joe Carter, “C. S. Lewis on how the humanitarian theory of punishment threatens liberty.” Acton Institute Powerblog, January 11, 2019.

    Paul Babie and Vanja-Ivan Savic, eds., Law, Religion and Love: Seeking Ecumenical Justice for the Other—a partial preview. New York: Routledge, 2018.

    Raymond Hausoul, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Thora and Customary Law.” Original: “Thora en Gewoonterecht,” StudieBijbel Magazine, June 2017, pp. 10-13.

    Johannes Morsink, Inherent Human Rights: Philosophical Roots of the Universal Declaration. Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania: Penn Press, 2017 (328 pp.).

    Morsink is Professor of Political Philosophy at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey, and the author of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Origins, Drafting, and Intent. He is a graduate of Calvin College (1963).

    ----------, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Challenge of Religion. Columbia: The University of Missouri Press, 2016 (pp. 386).

    Preview –

    Summary – Repulsed by evil Nazi practices and desiring to create a better world after the devastation of World War II, in 1948 the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Because of the secular imprint of this text, it has faced a series of challenges from the world’s religions, both when it was crafted and in subsequent political and legal struggles.

    The book mixes philosophical, legal, and archival arguments to make the point that the language of human rights is a valid one to address the world’s disputes. It updates the rationale used by the early UN visionaries and makes it available to twenty-first-century believers and unbelievers alike. The book shows how the debates that informed the adoption of this pivotal normative international text can be used by scholars to make broad and important policy points.

    “This is a very important contribution to the literature on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to human rights studies more generally.” – William A. Schabas, Professor of International Law, Middlesex University–London.

    “It is well written, well argued, and hopeful. It certainly fills a gap, and does it in an interesting way.” – Lorenzo Zucca, Professor of Law and Philosophy, King’s College London.

    Ian Hunter, Three Faces of the Law: A Christian Perspective. Mississauga ON: Work Research Foundation, 1996.

    “The subject matter is highly relevant, indeed disturbing. Where is Canadian law taking us? Starting with Heraclitus’ dictum: “All law is nourished by one law, which is divine,” and present with astonishing clarity current case law as evidence, Professor Hunter exposes the subversive influence of the Charter of Rights that has been invoked by our courts to render Canadian law secular, anemic, confused, and impotent. What is politically and socially correct has become the controlling factor in our courts and law schools. The effects of this are found in three key areas: justice, liberty, and life.” – Dr. Allen Churchill, Dean of the Ottawa Summer School

    Review by Herman Faber in Clarion, magazine of the Canadian Reformed Church, August 21, 1998, pp. 406-407. This review can be accessed at:

    Summary of main points by Harry Antonides can be accessed at:

    Harold J. Berman, “The Religious Sources of General Contract Law: An Historical Perspective.” The Journal of Law and Religion (JLR), Vol. IV, No. 1, 1986, pp. 103-124.

    Abstract can be accessed at:

    --------. “Religious Foundations of Law in the West: An Historical Perspective.” Journal of Law and Religion, Summer 1983, pp. 3-44.

    Abstract can be accessed at:

    --------. Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Prfess, 1983.

    James R. Sweeney, Review of the above in The Journal of Law and Religion, Vol. II, no. 1, 1984, pp. 197-205.

    Robert W. Lovin, Review of the above book in the same edition of the above Journal…, pp. 206-214.

    --------. “The Religious Foundations of Western Law.” Catholic University Law Review, Spring 1975, pp. 490-508. This document can be accessed at:

    John Witte Jr., “A New Concordance of Discordant Canons: Harold J. Berman on Law and Religion.” Emory Law Journal, Vol. 42, pp. 523-560. This document can be accessed at:

    Howard J. Vogel, “A Survey and Commentary on the New Literature in Law and Religion.” Journal of Law and Religion, Summer 1983, pp. 91-95, describes Berman’s contribution.

    ----------, The Interaction of Law and Religion. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1974.

    Nicholas Aroney, “Law, Revolution, and Religion: Harold Berman’s Interpretation of the English Revolution.” Journal of Markets & Morality, Volume 8, Number 2 (Fall 2005), pp. 355-385.

    Iain T Benson, An Associational Framework for the Reconciliation of Competing Rights Claims Involving the Freedom of Religion. A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy University of the Witwatersrand, September 12 2013. This document can be accessed at:

    --------. “Seeing through the Secular Delusion.” NGTT Deel 54 Supplementum 4, 2013 (18 pp.). Available at SSRN: and at:

    --------. “The Western religions attacked on by Western law.” International Journal for Religious Freedom (IJRF), International Institute for Religious Freedom (IIRF) of World Evangelical Alliance (WEA). Vol. 6, Issue 1 / 2, 2013, pp. 111-126. This document can be accessed at:

    --------. “Need for a Larger Role of Religion.” Centre Points,? No further bibliographical information given. See footnote 1 in the article.

    --------. “The Case For Religious Inclusivism And The Judicial Recognition Of Religious Associational Rights: A Response To Lenta.” Constitutional Court Review, 2008, pp. 297-312. This article can be accessed at:

    --------. “Taking a Fresh Look at Religion and Public Policy in Canada: The Need for a Paradigm Shift.” Background Paper for the Government of Canada Policy Research Initiative (PRI) “Religion and Public Policy.” 2007? (34 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    ----------, "Democracy & The Montreal Swingers Cases." Ottawa: Centre for Cultural Renewal, Centre Points, January 4, 2006, pp. 3-4. Republished by Cardus

    --------. “The Idolatry of Law: When Law is Seen as 'Like Religion'.” Centre Points 12, Winter 2004-2005, pp. 1-4. This article can be accessed at: AND

    --------. “The Confusions of “Secularism” and the “Secular’.” (Pp. 7). This article can be accessed at:,%20Canada.pdf AND

    --------. Bibliography of the writings of Benson and his magazine Ex Lex.

    Note: The above is only a small sample of Benson’s writings, but enough to give you a taste and to search for more! It should be realized that his Centre for Cultural Renewal has been absorbed into Cardus in 2010.

    E. L. Hebden Taylor, The New Legality in the Light of the Christian Philosophy of Law. Rousas J. Rushdoony, ed., University Series: Historical Studies. Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1967 (55 pp.).



    Steve Bishop, Bibliography on a Reformational approach to history.

    C. Thomas McIntire Papers, Bibliography of mostly Reformed historiographical writings.

    Joe Carter, “C. S. Lewis on free will and the key to history.” Grand Rapids: Acton Institute Powerblog, November 9, 2018.

    Clint Roberts, “There Is No ‘Right Side’ of History.” CC, July 10, 2017, p. 16.

    Eli Gottlieb and Sam Wineburg, “Between Veritas and Communitas: Epistemic switching in the reading of academic and sacred history.” Journal of the Learning Sciences, 21:1, May 24, 2011, pp. 84-129.

    “Faith and Historiography,” Interviews with five Christian historians, trans Jan H. Boer. Reformatorisch Dagblad, January 4-8, 2010. Original title: “Geloof en Geschiedenis.” Each interview has its own URL.

    Roel Kuyper, “The Searching Maestro: M. C. Smit and the Meaning of History.” Original title: “De zoekende meester.” Beweging, Summer 2005, pp. 37-39.

    Gerrit J. Schutte, trans. Harry Van Dyke, “Groen’s View of History.” In Gerrit J. Schutte, Groen van Prinsterer: His Life and Work. Paideia Press, 2005, pp. 34-40.

    No name indicated, “Naive Experience, Narrative Scripture, Religious Ground Motives and Scientific Historiography Concerned with the Ancient Past.” Workshop Paper for the Fifth International Symposium "Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century: Assessment and Perspective" on the occasion of the Hundredth Birth Year of Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), sponsored by the Association for Calvinistic Philosophy held at Bovendonk, Hoeven, The Netherlands, August 22-26, 1994.

    M C Smit, eds: Herbert Donald Morton and Harry Van Dyke. Toward a Christian conception of history. Amazon paperback, February 1 2002.

    Meyer Cornelis Smit (1918-1981) taught history and philosophy in the Free University at Amsterdam for a quarter century. Toward a Christian Conception of History presents the harvest of his scholarly output. The relation between God and history and the problems inherent in articulating that relation in a manner consistent with historic Christian belief and modern ideas of historical existence is the central theme of Smit's writing. Smit discusses the influence of one's world view on the practice and appreciation of history, the significance of the question of the meaning of history as an answer to the a-historical-mindedness of our time, and the fundamental flaw of the modernist theory of knowledge and philosophy of science.

    M. C. Smit, trans. Herbert Donald Morton, ed. Harry Van Dyke, Writings on God and History. Selected Studies, vol. 1 (1951-1980). Jordan Station ON: Wedge Publishing, 1987 (319 pp).

    Carl T. McIntire, “Dooyeweerd's philosophy of history” [pdf] Revised version of Chapter 4 from McIntire (ed.) The Legacy of Herman Dooyeweerd: Critical Philosophy in the Christian Tradition(University Press of America, 1985).

    ----------, “The focus of historical study: A Christian view.” A paper presented at Malone College, Ohio, April 1980. Toronto: ICS, April 1980.

    ----------, “The Renewal of Christian Views of History in an Age of Catastrophe.” [pdf] A revised version of the introduction that appeared in McIntire (ed), God, History and Historians: Modern Christian Views of History. (Oxford University Press, 1977).

    ----------, “God's work in history: the post-biblical epoch.” [pdf]. This paper was presented at the Public Colloquium of the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, and Regent College, Vancouver, 1975.

    Calvin Seerveld, “The Pedagogical Strength of Christian Methodology in Philosophical Historiography.” Festschrift for Professor J. A. L. Taljaard of South Africa. Koers 40, no. 4-6, 1975 (pp. 269-302).

    I pray that this volume honoring Prof J A L Taljaard may encourage many of the younger generation of God's people to join in the work he has shared, studying and teaching redemptively the history of philosophy, so that the Lord may greet a host of obedient philosophical witnesses too, as faithful servants.

    CALVIN G SEERVELD was born in 1930. He studied English literature, philosophy and classics at Calvin College and the University of Michigan. After five years of graduate study he received the Ph D from the Free University of Amsterdam with a dissertation entitled, Benedetto Croce's Earlier Aesthetic Theories and Literary Criticism (1958). Some other publications: A Christian Critique of Art and Literature (1964), The Greatest Song: In Critique of Solomon (1967) and A Turnabout in Aesthetics to understanding; (1972). After thirteen years of developing philosophy instruction at Trinity Christian College outside Chicago, he accepted (1972) the chair for Aesthetics at the graduate Institute for Christian Studies in Toronto.

    History in General*

    Christian History Institute (CHI), Worcester PA, USA.

    Christian History is a non-profit organization that provides Christian history resources and self-study material at low or no cost. Based out of Worcester, PA, CHI was founded in 1982 by Dr. A. Kenneth Curtis to share the lively history of the faith.

    CHI shares the story of the Christian faith throughout the ages through award-winning printed materials, professional video productions, and internet resources. It is our mission to make Christian history a delight to laypeople everywhere by providing accurate, trustworthy, and professional resources. Go to the CHI website to see its projects.

    “Today in Christian history,” daily newsletter from Christianity Today. Mail - JanFran Boer - Outlook (

    A daily newsletter featuring the most important and significant events on each day in Christian History.

    Heather Dune Macadam, “The first official transport to Auschwitz brought 999 young women. This is their story.” National Geographic, January 15, 2020.

    Dennis R. Danielson, “The enigma of Galileo: Rethinking a privotal episode in the history and mythology of science.” Lecture delivered at University of British Columbia, Nov. 13, 2013. A biography, abstract and discussion around this lecture is posted by Gorden Carkner at
    Further information is also available at:

    ----------, “Ancestors of Apollo: Ten bold astronomers, five centuries ago, performed feats of imagination that prepared for the advent of human space flight 50 years ago.” American Scientist, Vol. 99, 2011 (pp. 136-143).

    ----------, “The Bones of Copernicus; Twenty-first-century cosmologists, historians and archaeologists coHerman Dooyweerdntinue to seek a trueportrait of the great astronomer and his contribution.” American Scientist, Vol. 97, 2009 (pp. 50-57).

    ----------, “The great Copernican cliché.” American Association of Physics Teachers, October 2001 (pp. 1029-1035).

    James M. Robinson, “The Institute for Antiquity and Christianity.” Cambridge University Press, 5 February 2009

    R. J. van der Spek, ed. with the assistance of G. Haayer, et al, Studies in ancient Near Eastern world view and society, Presented to Marten Stol on the occasion of his 65th birthday, 10 November 2005, and his retirement from the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. Bethesda, Maryland USA: CDL Press, 2008.

    By the editors: Marten saw himself mainly as a specialist in the Old Babylonian period and the research in ancient Mesopotamian learning and religion he did, in his own words, “with his left hand.” Yet, the editors of this volume feel that the work in this field was typical of Marten's interest in human understanding of the world around him in religion, customs, and scholarship. It fits in with his own religious endeavors and those of Abraham Kuyper, the founder of the university from which he retired on his 65th birthday, an interest he showed also in his valedictory lecture delivered on 30 September 2005, exactly twenty-two years after his inaugural address, on the question: “Was Abraham Gereformeerd?” (Was Abraham Reformed? See the Kuyperiana page for the English translation.)

    By Jan H. Boer: Unfortunately, this book has no link to its entirety, but it does have an English PDF version of an introduction to Stol himself, of his complete bibliography and the Table of Contents, the latter two of which contain works in a number of European languages, including English Topics cover a wide range of cultural features of the Near East such as witchcraft and magic, death and burial, religion, archive management, medicine and health care, music, scholarship including historiography, astronomy, business, agriculture, Bible, drinking, women, fate, gerontology, food, literature, law, slavery, gender. All these subjects have their English entries.

    This book is included in this bibliography in spite of language issues and lack of link, because it is said to have Kuyperian perspectives on an ancient culture, probably the only one of such scope coming out of Kuyper's Vrije Universiteit.

    Martinus Luther, “Whether One May Flee From A Deadly Plague: To the Reverend Doctor Johann Hess, pastor at Breslau, and to his fellow-servants of the gospel of Jesus Christ.” Luther's Works, Vol. 43: Devotional Writings II, eds. Jaroslav Jan Pelikan, Hilton C. Oswald, and Helmut T. Lehmann, vol. 43 (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1999), 119-138. Original 1527.

    Church History*


    Theopedia: Biographies-- Apostolic FathersEarly church fathersNew Testament scholarsTheologians

    An amazing endless list of church leaders and theologians from ancient times to modern.

    Jonathan J. Bonk, “Ecclesiastical cartography and the invisible continent.” Dictionary of African Christian biography, An 11-page brochure published by Overseas Ministry Study Center, New Haven, December 2006.

    Dictionary of African Christian biography.

    The Dictionary of African Christian Biography ( is an electronic, open-access resource that uses biography to document the 2000 year history of Christianity in Africa. This international, collaborative project is a response to the lack of historical information on the African figures who shaped this history. Biographical figures include men and women, clergy and lay people, Africans and expatriates from the full spectrum of communities that self-identify as Christian, from the beginning of the Christian era to the present, across the entire continent.

    Michele Miller Sigg, “The dictionary of African Christian biography.” International bulletin of missionary research, vol. 39, No. 4, October 2015.

    “We invite you to read or download the e-journal or visit the journal page on our website to download booklet and graphics files for printing. Welcome and enjoy!”
            Michele Sigg, Editor
            Journal of African Christian Biography, Vol. 6, issue 1 (January 2021).

    Wendy Elgersma Helleman and Musa A. B. Gaya. Early Christianity: Textbook for African Students. UK: Langham, September 2019.

    DESCRIPTION: Designed as an undergraduate textbook, and shaped by needs of both Muslim and Christian students across Africa, this resource provides a thorough introduction to the history, theology and teaching of early Christianity. Professors Helleman and Gaiya follow Christianity from its inception in Jerusalem through to the decline of the Roman Empire in the Mediterranean and the development of Orthodox churches in the East and in Africa before the arrival of Islam. The book provides an overview of critical historical events, controversies, teaching, and important individuals and movements providing foundational understanding of early developments in Christianity and the general history of antiquity. Students and lecturers will also appreciate the attention given to the role of North African leaders in early Christianity and the impact of major issues on the North African church, such as Gnosticism, Donatism and Arianism.

    Mark Shaw and Wanjiru M. Gitau, The Kingdom of God in Africa: A history of African Christianity. Carlisle UK: Langham Global, September 2019. The Kingdom of God in Africa (

    African Christianity is not an imported religion but rather one of the oldest forms of Christianity in the world. In The Kingdom of God in Africa, Mark Shaw and Wanjiru M. Gitau trace the development and spread of African Christianity through its two-thousand year history, demonstrating how the African church has faithfully testified to the power and diversity of God's kingdom. Both history students and casual readers will gain greater understanding of how key churches, figures and movements across the continent conceptualized the kingdom of God and manifested it through their actions. The only up-to-date, single-volume study of its kind, this book also includes maps and statistics that aid readers to absorb the rich history of African Christianity and discover its impact on the rest of the world.

    Ed and Janice Hird, “Dr. Livingstone left his heart in Africa.” The Light Magazine, February 5, 2021.

    ----------, “William Carey: Firestarter for world missions.” The Light Magazine, January 12, 2021.

    St Andrews Reformation Studies Institute, University of St. Andrews, St Andrews Fife, Scotland. St. Andrews Reformation Studies Institute. Reformation Studies Institute ( Accessed February 6, 2021.

    As a group of scholars working on the Reformation and related studies, we are fortunate to be located in St Andrews: the historic heart of Scotland's Renaissance and Reformation. The University (founded in 1411) is the oldest in Scotland, and it was also, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a stage on which humanists and reformers acted out their parts in some of the great crises of European intellectual history.

    Declan Leary, “Reclaim Hagia Sophia.” Crisis Magazine, July 17, 2020.

    Mark I. Pinsky, “Memorial for Reinhard Bonnke, 'the Billy Graham of Africa,' draws thousands.” Religion News Service, January 4, 2020.

    Anonymous members of the Haida Gwaii Branch of the Latter-Day Saints, “Wherever Two or Three are gathered.” The Church of Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 2020.

    Flyn Ritchie, “Brian Stiller and the Canadian presence in the World Evangelical Alliance.” Church for Vancouver, December 18, 2019.

    Jul Medenblik, et al, eds., "Canons of Dordt: What is the legacy after 400 years?" Forum, Calvin Theological Seminary, Volume 27, Number 1, Summer 2019.

    Though this is not a theological website so much as philosophical, this Forum issue is included here under Church History, because of the important role the "Canons" have played in the tradition that has produced, among others, the school of Reformational philosophy. It is not included to encourage newer contemporary Reformed churches to hold to it hook, line and sinker so much as to make them familiar with a document that has played such an important historical role in that tradition up till today. It has shaped the message of the original Reformed missionaries. Furthermore, it has a certain stark logical theological formulation that may surprise Muslim readers with its strong logical emphasis on the absolute authority of God.

    The H. Henry Meeter Center for Calvin Studies: “Charting the Course of the Reformation.” Grand Rapids MI: Calvin University and Calvin Theological Seminary.

    The Meeter Center houses one of the world's largest collections of materials on John Calvin, Calvinism, the Reformation and early modern studies. The Center.invites you to explore the worle of John Calvin and the Reformation. The Center's extensive resources and friendly personnel facilitate research on Calvin's thought and impact in his own time and today.

    Jesse A. Zink, Christianity and Catastrophe in South Sudan: Civil War, Migration and the Rise of Dinka Anglicanism. Studies in World Christianity, a brief synopsis. Waco, TX: Bailor University Press, 2018. (285pp.)

    Douglas Petrovich, The World's Oldest Alphabet: Hebrew As the Language of the Proto-consonantal Script. Jerusalem: Carta Jerusalem, March 29, 2017 (pp. xvi + 262). Amazon, April 2017.

    For close to 150 years, scholars have attempted to identify the language of the world's oldest alphabetic script and to translate the inscriptions that use it, which were found in the Sinai Peninsula and date from 1842 to 1446 BCE. Until now, scholars have accomplished little more than identifying most of the pictographic letters and translating a few of the Semitic words. In The World's Oldest Alphabet, however, Douglas Petrovich presents a thorough, detailed defense of his bold new claims concerning these writings. Petrovich claims to have resolved all of the disputed letters and to have identified the language as Hebrew, which allows him to translate all of the inscriptions. Furthermore, he argues that they explicitly name three biblical figures and greatly illuminate the earliest Israelite history in a way that nothing else has, apart from the Bible.

    Introduction by Eugene H. Merrill – worlds-oldest-alphabet-9789652208842.html

    Reviewed by Randolph Parrish, “Moses and the Oldest Alphabet: Moses Vindicated.” November 27, 2017.

    “So much then for the dismissive arguments that the Israelites could never have numbered enough to be considered a threat to Egypt. Or that there never was an Exodus. Or that Moses never existed.”

    Arie Van Eek, The Canadian Story of the Christian Reformed Church.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 2.

    Jeremy Punt, “Believers or loyalists? Identity and social responsibility of Jesus communities in the Empire.” In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi, 14 March 2017 (8 pp.).

    Donald Sinnema, “Remembering the Synod of Dordt.” CC, February 27, 2017. This article can be found at of date.

    Lynette and Jim (no surname indicated), The Biblical Legacy of Canada's Parliament Buildings. Pittsburgh, USA: Christian Roots Canada, n.d., but assume 2017.

    The Biblical Legacy of Canada’s Parliament Buildings is the only place where you will find documented in one place all 15 of the Scripture passages engraved on the Parliament Buildings in stone, brass and glass. The Gospel and the Kingdom of God are declared from the political centre of Canada. The stones indeed do cry out.

    For this 150th Anniversary of Canada’s birth as a Dominion, my vision is to identify 150 Christians who left their marks on Canadian History. Please contact me at:

    Martin Luther: The Idea that Changed the World,” A film narrated by Hugh Bonneville and Padraic Delany, produced by Boettcher+Trinklein Inc., 2017.


    Nick Loenen, “The Christian Reformed Church in BC: A Brief Sketch of Its History.” A revised edition of a lecture delivered first at Willoughby CRC, Langley, BC, Sept. 27, 2016.

    Caleb S. Ahima, ed. The History of the Development of the Christian Reformed Church of Nigeria.” November 2005 (74 pp).

    Ted Byfield, ed. The Veil is Torn: A.D. 30 to A.D. 70 Pentecost to the Destruction of Jerusalem. The Christians: Their First Two Thousand Years, Vol. 1. Edmonton: Christian Millennial History Projects, 2002 (288 pp.).

    Review by Johan D. Tangelder at:

    Harry A. Van Belle, Aspects of Reformed Dutch history in the Netherlands and Canada: Five publications 1991-1997. For additional writings on the following and other subjects go to entry < Harry Van Belle—Curriculum Vitae > on this page.

    ----------, Vision and revision: A brief history of Neo-Calvinism in the Netherlands and Canada. G. Dekker, D. Luidens & R. Rice (eds.) 1997 Rethinking Secularization: Reformed Reactions to Modernity, New York, University Press of America.

    ----------, “A brief history of the Reformed Dutch in Edmonton.” Paper read at The Dutch and Their Neighbors in Transition Conference, October 1993.

    ----------, Not alone: The history of the Reformed Dutch in Canada (1950-1990). Paper read at The Dutch and Their Neighbours in Transition Conference, October 1993, extract from a longer unpublished manuscript of 140 pages.

    ----------, “The impact of WW II on the Reformed Dutch in the Netherlands and Canada: a comparison.” Pro Rege 1991.

    Louis Praamsma, trans. Louis Praamsma, The Church in the Twentieth Century, vol. 7 of Elect from Every Nation. St. Catharines ON: Paideia Press, 1989 (289 pp.). Original title: De kerk van alle tijden (Franeker, The Netherlands: T. Wever, n. d.).

    Geert Egberts Boer, Een man des volks: Het leven van Prof. Geert Egberts Boer naar aantekeningen uit zijn dagboek, samengesteld door Prof. G. K. Hemkes. Grand Rapids: J. B. Hulst, 1904. An English translation can be found on the LEGACY page of this website.

    Steve Bishop, “A History of the Reformational Movement in Britain: The Pre-World War II Years.” Pretoria: Koers, Vol. 80, No. 4, 2015. This document can be found at:

    ABSTRACT – This paper looks at the development of neo-Calvinism in Britain during the period up to World War II (WWII). Though the term neo-Calvinism is broad, the focus here will be on the Reformational strand associated with the approach of Kuyper, Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven.

    Keywords: neo-Calvinism, Reformational philosophy, Kuyper, Dooyeweerd, Sovereign Grace Union, Henry Atherton, Britain.

    John Samci, “Who Owns Jos?” A letter to Jan H. Boer, October 6, 2004. A cursory ethno-history of an embattled, largely Christian, Nigerian city.

    Victor Tungilik and Rachel Uyarasuk, The Transition to Christianity. Eds., Jarich Oosten and Frederick Laugrand, Inuit Perspective on the 20th Century, vol. 1. Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada: Nunavut Arctic College, 1999.

    Jan H. Boer, compiler, “In Memoriam Collection: Billy Graham”

    Billy Graham was neither a Reformational nor an academic, but, in view of his remarkable achievements and of the way he was used by God in such an astounding way, I feel justified to classify him as sufficiently “compatible” to fit on this website. Researchers in contemporary evangelism will be served well by this Graham Collection. The entries in the first part of this section are from Christianity Today, miscellaneous issues; those in the second part are from Religion News Service (RNS) unless indicated otherwise. Some of these entries have no link to the actual article. However, for those doing serious research, such entries at least make you aware of these articles and perhaps allow you to access the paper edition of the magazine.

    Selections from Christianity Today, 2018

    Yonar Shimron, “Billy Graham, Mourned as a Man of God, Is Laid to Rest near His Childhood Home.” March 2, 1018.

    Mark Tooley, “Billy Graham Rightfully Lies in Honor at the Capitol.” February 28, 2018.

    President Trump touches the casket of Billy Graham during a ceremony Feb. 28, 2018, in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda in Washington. Graham, who died last week at age 99, will lie in honor as a tribute to America's most famous evangelist. Trump was joined, from left to right behind him, by Karen Pence, Vice President Mike Pence, Speaker of the House Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

    Kimberly Winston, “The ‘Splainer: Billy Graham, Lying in Honor and Civil Religion.” February 28, 2018.

    Adelle M. Banks, “Crowds Line up to Bid Graham Farewell at US Capitol.” February 28, 2018.

    Adelle M. Banks and Aliciia C. Shepard, “Billy Graham, America’s Pre-eminent Evangelist, Dies at 99.” February 21, 2018.

    Yonar Shimron, “Private funeral and Weeklong Events Planned for Billy Graham.” February 22, 2018.

    Holly Lebowitz Rossi, “Billy Graham Leaves a Positive Interfaith Legacy, with a Few Blemishes.” February 21, 2018.

    Adelle M. Banks, “Offstate and On, Billy Graham’s Ministry Was a Team Effort.” February 22, 2018.

    Bobbi Ross Jr., “Billy Graham Never Lived in Texas but Belonged to a Dallas Church for 54 Years.” February 22, 2018.

    Adelle M. Banks, “Where Did Billy Graham Preach?” February 22, 2018.

    Franklin Graham, “Billy Graham’s New Home.” February 22, 2018.

    Larry Ross, “Because of Billy Graham, the World Will Never Be the Same.” February 22, 2018.

    James Rudin, “Billy Graham, an Evangelistic ‘Lion in Winter.’” February 22, 2018.

    Ken Garfield, “Billy Graham, Reaching the Last Person in the Last Row.” February 22, 2018.

    Richard Mouw, “I Have no Doubt what Billy Graham Would Have told the High school Kids from Parkland, Fla.” February 22, 2018.

    Mark Silk, “How Billy Graham Changed Religion in America.” February 23, 2018.

    Yonar Shimron, “Billy Graham Made Sure His Integrity Was Never in Question.” February 23, 2018.

    Ted Parks, “Billy Graham: Evangelical Media Pioneer.” February 23, 2018.

    “Admirers Line Streets as Billy Graham’s Body Arrives in Charlotte.” The Associated Press, February 25, 2018.

    John G. Stackhouse Jr., “Billy Graham was ‘the Last Nonpartisan Evangelical?’” March 1.

    Yonar Shimron, “Billy Graham, Mourned as a Man of God, Is Laid to Rest near His Childhood Home.” March 2, 2018.

    Mark Silk, “The Irony of Trump‘s Graham Tribute.” March 2, 2012.

    Christine A. Scheller, “Billy Graham Helped Give White Evangelicals a Pass on Civil Rights – Scholars.” March 2, 2018.

    Emily McFarlan Miller, “Billy Graham To Be Laid to Rest after ‘Last Crusade.’” March 2, 2018.

    Editorial, “Billy Graham at 99: He Kept the Faith and (mostly) Dropped the Politics.” November 7, 2017.


    Other Graham Sources

    Billy Graham Evangelistic Association Canada, “Billy Graham with the Lord: Nov. 7, 1918—Feb. 21, 2018.” The Light Magazine, March 2018, pp. 1, 3.

    Laurie Kellman, “Graham Praised by Trump, Politicians.” Associated Press, February 28, 2018; Vancouver Sun, March 1, 2018.

    Jim Denison, “Billy Graham Honored in Rotunda of US Capitol.” Denison Forum, March 1 2018.

    ----------, “The Night I Met Billy Graham.” Dennison Forum, February 21, 2018.

    Frank Schubert, “Who Will Be Our Next Great Evangelist?” National Organization for Marriage, February 28, 2018.

    Rachel Zoll, “Evangelist Transformed American Religious Life: Befriended Presidents, Influenced Millions.” The Associated Press via Vancouver Sun, Feb. 22, 2018.

    Billy Graham Evangelistic Association Canada, “Billy Graham with the Lord: Billy Graham Memorial Service.”

    Nancy Gibbs and Michael Duffy, “The political confessions of Billy Graham.” An exclusive conversation about faith, politics and the meaning of life. Time, August 20, 2007, pp. cover, 20, 21-29.


    Jan H. Boer, Compiler, “Notre Dame Fire and Reflections:”

    Tom Heneghan, “Notre Dame is more than a tourist attraction, says Paris archbishop..” Religion News Service, June 17, 2019.

    ----------, Jax Jacobsen, et al, “Notre Dame fire extinguished; Paris turns to assessing damage and repairs.” and a collection of other reactions and reflections on the event. Religion News Service, April 16, 2019.

    Beth Allison Barr, “History lends plenty of hope for the resurrection of Notre Dame.” Religion News Service, April 16, 2019.

    Kleis Jager, et al, “In Parijs wisselen ontzetting en opluchting elkaar af,” part of a Dutch-language collection of other reactions and reflections on the Notre Dame fire. Trouw, April 16, 2019. Transl: “In Paris Shock and Relief Alternate.”

    Mark Hendrickson, “The Notre Dame fire reminds us of what is important.” Epoch Times, April 18-24, 2019, p. 9.

    Raymond J. De Souza, “Notre Dame as Cultural Moment: The burning of Notre Dame de Paris sparked an inferno of journalistic ignorance about Christianity....” Convivium, April 25, 2019.

    Tom Heneghan, “Reformed Churches Endorse Catholic-Lutheran Accord on Key Reformational Dispute.” RNS, July 6 2017.

    Arie Van Eek, “The Canadian Story of the Christian Reformed Church.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 2.

    Jeremy Punt, “Believers or loyalists? Identity and social responsibility of Jesus communities in the Empire.” In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi, 14 March 2017 (8 pp.). This article can be accessed at:

    Donald Sinnema, “Remembering the Synod of Dordt.” CC, February 27, 2017.

    Nick Loenen, “The Christian Reformed Church in BC: A Brief Sketch of Its History.” A revised edition of a lecture delivered first at Willoughby CRC, Langley, BC, Sept. 27, 2016.

    Pieter Vos, trans. Jan H. Boer, “Did the Reformation Break with a Common Shared Concepts of the Good Life?” Sophie, 2/2014, pp. 8-11.

    Caleb S. Ahima, ed. “The History of the Development of the Christian Reformed Church of Nigeria.” November 2005 (74 pp). This document can be accessed at:

    Ted Byfield, ed. The Veil is Torn: A.D. 30 to A.D. 70 Pentecost to the Destruction of Jerusalem. The Christians: Their First Two Thousand Years, Vol. 1. Edmonton: Christian Millennial History Projects, 2002 (288 pp.).

    Review by Johan D. Tangelder at:

    Louis Praamsma, trans. Louis Praamsma, The Church in the Twentieth Century, vol. 7 of Elect from Every Nation. St. Catharines ON: Paideia Press, 1989 (289 pp.). Original title: De kerk van alle tijden (Franeker, The Netherlands: T. Wever, n. d.).

    ....Tertullian "The Works of Tertullian." See more at en.wikipedia.

    Tertullian (/t?r't?li?n/; full name Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus; c. 155 - c. 240 AD) was a prolific early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa. Of Berber origin,[4][5][6][7][8] he was the first Christian author to produce an extensive corpus of Latin Christian literature. He also was an early Christian apologist and a polemicist against heresy, including contemporary Christian Gnosticism. Tertullian has been called "the father of Latin Christianity" and "the founder of Western theology."


    International Network for Christian Higher Education (INCHE).

    The former name of INCHE was International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education (IAPCHE). There are a number of older entries on this website using "IAPCHE," but please recognize them also as INCHE items.

    INCHE (IAPCHE) is a network of institutions and individuals worldwide committed to advancing Christian education through training, capacity building, scholarship, and networking in ways that reflect both the universal and the local. It has regional offices on all continents.

    INCHE (IAPCHE) is a global organization of individuals and institutions, connected with the shared goal of serving Jesus as Lord by fostering the development of Christian higher education worldwide. Together, this is achieved by sharing information and research, equipping others with training and scholarship, and cultivating enduring relationships through networking and mutual exchange.

    INCHE (IAPCHE) also publishes a newsletter called “Contact” – It is published quarterly as a way of informing its members about news from across the world. If you have any news items you would like to share with INCHE’s members, please contact INCHE at above website. The following website brings you to the newsletter.

    One feature of Contact is occasional highly academic inserts that are listed here: Some titles are no longer current.

    Quotes/Recommendations from members:

    “We teach our professional peers and our students to engage intentionally as Christians in all areas of culture, including agriculture, arts, business, education, health care, ministry, politics and sports.”

    “We need faculty that know Christ, and can make him known, in class and outside of class.” Medard Rugyendo, Principal of Bishop Barham University College at Uganda Christian University.

    “The internet brings a bridge that makes the INCHE schools.communicate and share with each other as they've never been able before..” Tom Benson, Green Mountain College

    Australian Association of Christian Schools, Dickson, Australia.

    Annual Reports of AACS.

    Christian Teachers Journal --

    Teachers' Christian Fellowship.

    The Teachers' Christian Fellowship is a sectional group of the Graduates' Christian Fellowship (GCF). It was started in 2 November 1968 by a group of teachers who felt the importance of a continuing witness to Christ after graduation.

    Aims: This website is intentionally built around concrete examples of teachers connecting Christian faith with their teaching.

    Sponsored by:

    Transforming Lives UK / The Stapleford Centre:
    Transforming Lives is a UK-based, interdenominational project managed by The Stapleford Centre. Its purpose is to raise the profile of teaching as a Christian vocation and to support the development of a distinctively Christian and inclusive approach to education. AND

    The Anglican Education Commission Sydney, Australia:
    The Anglican Education Commission exists to support, encourage, and challenge Christians involved in learning and teaching, whether it be in churches, preschools, schools (government, Christian, and Anglican), colleges, or universities. It seeks to transform education through recruiting Christians into teaching and by working together with like-minded Christian organizations

    The Kuyers Institute, Grand Rapids MI, USA:
    The Kuyers Institute for Christian Teaching and Learning is located at Calvin University, an institution of higher education in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The Kuyers Institute is a research institute concerned with Christian contributions to teaching and learning in a variety of educational contexts and at various levels of education. It produces the Journal of Education and Christian Belief.

    Society of Christian Scholars, Overland Park, Kansas . .

    "Equip Christian professors to Influence their students and Renew their nations."

    Our vision is that one day. . .

    Global Scholars Canada(GSC)—Networking and equipping Christian academics worldwide.

    Imagine a guild of Christian academics around the globe, developing faith-filled educational opportunities for the cultural leaders of tomorrow.

    – Dr. Peter Schuurman, Executive Director

    The Global Scholars work is one of the most extraordinary mission movements in the world today. It is costly, and often it will not see huge immediate returns, but it is a rare, farsighted and remarkable work that is sowing seeds of unimaginable significance. I couldn't be more supportive.

    – Dr. Os Guinness, Author and Speaker

    GSC plays a strategic role in global Christian mission - encouraging and fostering quality Christian leadership in the universities of the world. And what an opportunity(!) - to shape the minds of future leaders in countries in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and elsewhere. Emerging scholars should definitely consider this as an opportunity for international involvement.

    – Dr. Gordon T. Smith, President, Ambrose University College & Seminary (Calgary, Alberta)

    The university is the front line in the battle for the hearts and minds of students - the leaders of tomorrow. I have followed the work of Global Scholars from the beginning. Their work is a strategic and necessary component in what God is using to reach intellectuals and leaders today.

    – Dr. Ravi Zacharias

    Make sure you follow the link and access the publications of GSC academics.

    Calvin Seerveld, J. R. Kriel, et al, In a Reformational Key – Papers presented in thankfulness for the life, work and vision of Duncan L. Roper. Dunedin New Zealand: Thumbwidth Press, 2020. PDF AND Shop | Thumbwidth Press

    This is an astounding series of inexpensive books, many of them digital, on virtually every aspect of life, by a wide range of well-known Reformational scholars. If you're building an excellent Reformational library on the cheap, this is the place to go.

    Free Online College Courses. “Free Online College Courses (”

    Though this educational service is basically secular and not Reformational, its information is included here because it opens the door to a wide educational experience free and accessible anywhere. The same holds true for JSTOR, the next entry.

    JSTOR — currently offers more than 12 million academic journal articles, 85,000 books, and 2 million primary source documents in 75 disciplines. Start your research now.

    Open and free content on JSTOR and Artstor | About JSTOR

    BOER—The operative word for JSTOR seems to be "OPEN" access.

    Note the explanatory note under the previous entry.

    JSTOR provides access to more than 12 million academic journal articles, books, and primary sources in 75 disciplines.

    We help you explore a wide range of scholarly content through a powerful research and teaching platform. We collaborate with the academic community to help libraries connect students and faculty to vital content while lowering costs and increasing shelf space, provide independent researchers with free and low-cost access to scholarship, and help publishers reach new audiences and preserve their content for future generations.

    JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Artstor, Ithaka S+R, and Portico.

    Derek C. Schuurman, “Forging a Christian college core curriculum.” Christian Scholar's Review, April 9, 2021. Forging a Christian College Core Curriculum - Christian Scholar's Review.

    Michael Zwaagstra, “The fine line between education and indoctrination.” ET December 19-26, 2019, p. B6.

    John Carpay, “Should schools 'cleanse the spirits' of children?.” (Regarding Aboriginal religion in public schools.) ET, December 5-11, 2019, p. B6.

    ----------, “Gender related Senate bill based on ideology, not science.” ET, December 19-26, 2019.

    Barbara Kay, “Educational earthquake: 'Disappearing' the great writers from schools.” ET, November 21-27, 2019, p. A5.

    Flyn Ritchie, “Surrey Christian (school) Targeted; Independent Schools May Face Political Challenges.” Church for Vancouver, March 7, 2019.

    ….United Nations Article 26, which covers education, along with the pertinent Section (41) of the BC Human Rights Code:

    1. If a charitable, philanthropic, educational, fraternal, religious or social organization or corporation that is not operated for profit has as a primary purpose the promotion of the interests and welfare of an identifiable group or class of persons characterized by a physical or mental disability or by a common race, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, political belief, colour, ancestry or place of origin, that organization or corporation must not be considered to be contravening this Code because it is granting a preference to members of the identifiable group or class of persons.

    Alex Newman, “Christian Secondary Schools Are a Good Investment.” Faith Today, Jan/Feb. 2019.

    Stefaan Blancke, et al, “The implications of the cognitive sciences for the relation between religion and science education: The case of evolutionary theory.” This paper has been accepted for publication in Science and Education. 2019?
    The original publication is available at Also see:

    Cardus Education Newsletter, “Cardus Education Report Released!” March 6, 2018.

    Cardus Education exists to provide reliable, credible data for non-government types of education. The opportunity for non-government schools to operate freely is not something that we take for granted. As such, Cardus Education produces reliable, timely publications, an annual education survey, and initiatives such as the John Rozema Teaching Excellence Award to affirm and recognize teaching excellence with the Ontario Christian school system.

    This Newsletter contains the following digital references:

    – New research examines the impact of Evangelical Protestant education
    – our latest Cardus Religious Schools Initiative research report, Download the full report here
    Berner's Tedx talk in Wilmington
    – Cardus Senior Fellow Deani Van Pelt in the Ottawa Citizen. Read the full piece here!
    – Cardus Senior Researcher Doug Sikkema speaks to Word FM in Pittsburgh on the university and what it can and cannot do.
    – Cardus Education Senior Fellow David Smith at the Reviving the Civic Mission of Christian Schools workshop, June 11-14, 2018 at Calvin College.

    Charless L. Glenn, "Look to the Dutch for True Educational Pluralism." Grand Rapids: Acton Institute, Acton Commentary, September 12, 2018.

    Cardus Education Survey 2018: British Columbia Bulletin.

    Shirley Roels, “A Christian Educator’s Hike.” IAPCHE’s Contact, Sept. 2017, pp. 2-3.

    H. Fernando Bullon and Nicolas Panotto, The Sixth IAPCHE (now called INCHE) Latin American Consultation Papers in Spanish. Lima, Peru, July 2017. Theme: “Where is Protestantism in Latin America Going? A Multidisciplinary and Prospective Vision at the 500th Anniversary of the Reformation.”

    Discussions on some critical questions are featured, such as: At this five-hundredth anniversary of the Reformation, what is the state of Latin American Protestantism in its evolutionary process? What is the significance of its presence in the religious, social, cultural, economic, and political transformation of the region? Will Latin America receive the best of Protestantism and its historical contributions? What obstacles occurred and continue to occur, or what new factors have arisen in the context or wihin Protestantism itself? What perspectives can we expect for the near future?

    The aim was to give a multi-, inter- and trans-disciplinary perspective. Thus, the book contains the papers presented in various disciplinary panels: Bible and Theology, Missiology and Pastoral, Church History, Social Sciences (Sociology, Anthropology, Political Science, Economics, Development and Environmental Studies), Education (Basic and Higher, Theological), Literature and Arts, and Communications. Amongst the themes addressed in these papers are:

    The Reformation as Theological Epistemology - semper reformanda est

    Protestant Thinking and Social Change in Latin America

    Protestant Ecclesiological Traditions and the Construction of Indigenous Identities

    Latin American Society, Poverty and Inequality: Protestant Alternative?

    Reevaluating the Protestant Educational Contribution in the Region

    Protestantism, Communications and Publications in Latin America

    IAPCHE members may also access the individual papers at (login required).

    Derek Schuurman, “Creeds, Confessions and Christian Colleges.” CC, February 12, 2018, p. 15.

    Robert Sirico, “Homeschooling a parent's choice, not the state's.” Action Institute Powerblog, January 16, 2019.

    David I. Smith

    David I. Smith, Partial educational bibliography.

    ----------, “Finding Faith in School.” CC, January 22, 2018, p. 12.

    Diane Stinton, Dean of Students, An open public letter showing the wide vista of Christian tertiary education. Regent College, Vancouver BC, n.d.

    Michael Wagner, “Christianity and Public Education in Canada.”

    Jennifer Neutel, “Finland Excursion Inspires Educators.” CC, November 27 2017.

    Thirty four Christian educators who embarked on an Educational Finland Exploration with Ontario Christian School Administrators Association (OCSAA) Sept. 23-29 are now unpacking ideas and possibilities for their own schools.

    Harry Fernhout, Editorial: “In Service of Integral Christian Higher Education.” Contact, June 2017, p. 2.

    Harry Fernhout, “Editorial: Claiming the Academic Arena.” IAPCHE Contact, March 2017.

    Beth Green, “Schools Bridging Faith and Science.” Convivium, May 8, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Data unearthed by the Cardus Religious Schools Initiative at the University of Notre Dame debunk popular caricatures of religious schools as sinkholes of anti-science obscurantism.

    ----------, “Private schools form an important part of B. C.'s school system.” VS, October 26, 2018. Along with several more websites.

    Cardus Education Team, Open letter to readers of Comment Magazine (a segment), Cardus, April 18 2018.

    Cardus education report released. Download the full report here

    "Why Christian School?" Inquire along with me on the ACSI blog today.

    Emily DeRuy, “Betsy DeVos’s Misunderstood Alma Mater: Calvin College Is No Fundamentalist School.” The Atlantic, March 1, 2017.

    Monica deRegt, “Sir Ken Robinson’s New ‘Learning Revolution’ Echoes Old Gospel Themes.” CC, February 27, 2017, p. 12.

    “Private versus Public Schools – A Difference in Worldviews,” to Pete McMartin, retired VS columnist, February 4, 2017. A farewell and response to his parting column, “…and so, Goodbye,” February 4, 2017, p. A3. This item can be accessed at:

    As to McMartin’s other columns against private schools, see:

    “This is egalitarian Canada? BC taxpayers should not be paying any part of private-school education,” VS, October 22, 2016, p. A3. This article can be accessed at:

    “Tax Deductions Add Support to Private Schools,” VS, November 2, 2016, p. A3. This article can be accessed at:

    Responses to McMartin’s articles can be accessed as follows:

    Douglas Todd, “Schools Lost Their Faith.” Vancouver Sun, October 9, 2016. The article can be accessed at:

    Douglas Todd, “The ‘Great Professor’s’ Blind Spot.” VS, October 8, 2016.

    Derek Schuurman, “Approaches to Christian Education: From Elusive Towards a Larger and Deeper Approach.” Pro Rege, March 2016, pp. 16-22. This article can be accessed at:

    Nick Lantinga, “Educating Ambassadors.” Online:, June 30, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Joseph Oh and Nicholas S. Lantinga, “Correlation between Faith and Identity in Korean Christian Higher Education.” Handong Global University, 2015/2016 (23 pp.). This document can be accessed at:,_Joseph__Lantinga,_Nicholas_-_Correlation_between_Faith_and_Identity_in_Korean_Christian_Higher_Education_-_Full_Paper.pdf

    Nick Loenen, “BC Independent Schools and Public Funding.” Speech delivered originally to a group of 40 American visitors at Willoughby Christian Reformed Church (CRC), Langley BC, October 4, 2015 and to a meeting of the BC region of CRC at First Vancouver CRC, October 4, 2016.

    Hubert R. Krygsman, “Roots and Fruits: State of the University.” Lancaster ON: Redeemer University College. Address delivered by President Krygsman, 27 August 2013 (14 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    Mwenda Ntarangwi, “Journeys that have Shaped My Life.” Contact, IAPCHE September 2012, pp. 2-3. This article can be accessed at:

    John H. Westerhoff III, Will Our Children Have Faith? Third Revised Edition. New York: Morehouse Publishing, 2012. Partial Preview.

    This item is included to represent a liberal version of church education in distinction from the Reformational Christian day school tradition promoted on this website.

    “Educating for Joy: Inaugural Address.” Hubert R. Krygsman, President Redeemer University College, Lancaster ON, 6 November, 2010. This document can be accessed at:

    Keith C. Sewell, “Free Christian University: Review essay.” Pro Rege, June 2009, Vol. 37, No. 4. Free Christian University: Review Essay (

    David Naugle, “A Paideia Proposal: The Educational Power of Great Tradition Christianity.” IAPCHE Contact, p. 2, n.d.

    Doug Blomberg, Wisdom and curriculum: Christian schooling after postmodernity. Sioux Center, IA: Dordt College Press, 2007 (256 pp.). (Under contract for translation and publication in Korea.)

    Blomberg presents an interpretation of essentially Christian schooling that challenges the conventional wisdom of both its advocates and critics. In asserting that education should teach students to be discerning of the worldviews that are operative in their own education, he strikes an important blow for the kind of Christian schooling he advocates, as well as puncturing the oft-held position that secular education is in and of itself values-neutral. He proffers the view that schools bringing their own values and beliefs forward in an explicit manner is the only authentic and honest way of proceeding. At the heart of this position is his final dismantling of the validity of disjoining theory and practice.

    A Review Essay by Dirk Windhorst, Redeemer University College.

    Isaac N. Mutua, “What Is That in Your Hand? Realizing Africa’s Potential.” Contact, IAPCHE, September 2005, insert (12 pp.). This article may be accessible at:

    Nick Lantinga, “Bigotry Perhaps; Faithfulness for Sure.” Contact: Newsletter of the International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education (IAPCHE), January 2005.

    Herbert R. Krygsman, “The Soul of the Curriculum: A Framework for Integral Christian Education.” Contact, IAPCHE, May 2004, insert (8 pp.).

    Roger Henderson, “What Makes a Good Teacher/Leader?” IAPCHE’s Contact, February 2004, p. 3. Reprinted in Comment Magazine, April 11, 2008. This article can be accessed at:

    Charles L. Glenn, “Historical Background to Conflicts over Religion in Public Schools.” IAPCHE’s Contact, February 2004, an insert (12 pp.). Also in Pro Rege of Dordt College, Sept 2004, pp. 1-19. This article can be accessed at:

    Steven C. Vryhof, Between Memory and Vision: The Case for Faith-Based Schooling. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004.

    Publishers: “This is a preview. The total pages displayed will be limited.” Yes, but a large chunk here is better than a mere listing. This document can be accessed at:

    Victoria Cunningham, Justice Achieved: The Political Struggle of Independent Schools in British Columbia. Vancouver: Federation of Independent School Associations (FISA) in British Columbia, 2002 (311 pp.).

    “Shaping Education Policy with Big Ideas and Faith.” The Calvin Spark, winter 2011, p. 47. This article can be accessed at:

    This is a one-page summary of Fred Herfst, who spearheaded FISA for 25 years.

    Calvin Seerveld, “Reformational Christian Philosophy and Christian College Education.” IAPCHE Newsletter, 2002. This document can be accessed at:

    Joel A. Carpenter, “The perils of prosperity: Neo-Calvinism and the future of Religious Colleges.” Paper delivered at the conference, The Future of Religious Colleges, held at the Kennedyu School of Government, Harvard University, October 6-7, 2000. Contact, March 2001.

    Lambert Zuidervaart, “Deep Water from the Kuyperian Well: The Future of Higher Education.” ICS Newsletter Perspective, March 1998, pp. 7-11.

    Jim Lont, “The Vital Stake of the African Church in Christian Higher Education’s Worldview and Scholarship: Two Issues and Some Suggestions for Scholarship Helpful to the Church.” Paper delivered at the African Regional Conference of IAPCHE. Gboko, Nigeria, January 11-15, 1998.

    Society of Christian Schools in BC (SCSBC), Langley, BC – and

    Christian Schools International, Grand Rapids MI. –

    VCS Stars Shine God’s Light, brochure from Vancouver Christian School, n.d.

    John Vriend, “No Neutral Ground: Why I’m Committed to Christian Education.” Perspective, Newsletter of the Association for the Advancement of Christian Scholarship Vol. 7, No. 5 September/October, 1973, pp. 17-21. This article can be accessed at:

    A 2017 Note: This newsletter continues to be published with its original name but the publisher is now the Toronto-based Institute for Christian Studies (ICS). The website for ICS is:

    HendrikVan Riessen, “The University and Its Basis.” A lecture delivered in Unionville ON in the context of the Unionville Lectures and published in the series Christian Perspectives (see above under Runner). This edition is a typed version from St. Catharines ON: Paideia, n.d. (45 pp.).

    Paul Kienel, “Ten Reasons Why You Should Send Your Child To A Christian School,” Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI). This article can be accessed at:

    The website of ACSI is:

    Note: While the ICS is Reformational and representative of the spirit underlying this website, that of ACSI is more Evangelical. A knowledgable reader will discern the difference.

    David Brooks, “The Cultural Value of Christian Higher Education.” Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, CCCU Advance, Vol. 7/ No. 1. To be accessed at:

    Arnold H. DeGraaff, “The Nature and Aim of Christian Education.” N.p, n.d.

    J. D. Dengerink, “The Necessity of Christian Universities.” The Association for Reformed Scientific Studies, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada n.d. (12pp). This article can be accessed at:

    Jan Waterink, Basic Concepts in Christian Pedagogy. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1954. St. Catharines ON: Paideia Premier, 1980 (148 pp.).



    School of the Arts, Media + Culture (SAMC), Trinity Western University, Langley BC, Canada.

    SAMC professors are people of faith and experts in their fields who are committed to seeing you thrive. As your mentors, they will build a safe and welcoming space where you will be challenged to take bold steps, explore ideas of faith and meaning, and push the boundaries of your discipline—to fearlessly engage with and transform culture.

    SAMC is home to some of the most collaborative people on campus. Collaboration is key to creating a film, producing a play, publishing a magazine, or bringing a piece of music to life. Master this skill and, as our graduates have learned, you will have your choice of careers. School of the Arts, Media + Culture students are also equipped with other essential and irreplaceable skills. Writers, performers, and directors possess a deep understanding of others—what moves them, inspires them, brings them together. Artists and designers see connections and solutions that others might miss. A thoughtful, savvy, empathetic communicator brings value to a company that no piece of technology could ever replace.

    Image was founded in 1989 to demonstrate the continued vitality and diversity of contemporary art and literature that engage with the religious traditions of Western culture. Now one of the leading literary journals published in English, it is read all over the world—and forms the nexus of a warm and active community.

    “The journal is an array of poetry, fiction, longer essays, artist profiles, and interviews that seeks to engage your imagination and invite you to see God’s image in every human being. Features the work of both modern masters and emerging artists.” --Adele Gallogly The Banner, December 2017, p. 34

    Launch Your Creative Life: Film, Dance, Music.” By getting foundational skills training, creative mentorship and interactive thought, all grounded in contemporary culture and Christian faith. Join a community of young creatives and seasoned veterans ready to collaborate and invest in you.

    Institute for Christian Studies, “Art Talks!: The Ruth Memorial Series on the Arts and Culture.” The first of the annual series “Art Talks!” to promote the ICS’s aesthetics program, 1997 by the ICS’ Centre for Philosophy, Religion and Social Ethics,Toronto.!&source=bl&ots=i6YQF9-bcK&sig=CS0rmjKJhOsWsBNfl-A9KrvbnnQ&hl=zh-TW&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiw8MHTprPaAhWIGnwKHdMJAfkQ6AEIXDAI#v=onepage&q=ICS%20Art%20Talks!&f=false

    Bez Art Mentorship. “Launch Your Creative Life: Film, Dance, Music.”

    By getting foundational skills training, creative mentorship and interactive thought, all grounded in contemporary culture and Christian faith. Join a community of young creatives and seasoned veterans ready to collaborate and invest in you.

    J. H. White, “Tapestries: The Golden Age's Golden Art Form: One Northern European Art Form Helped Shape the Renaissance and Spirit of Europe..” Epoch Times, November 1-7, 2018.

    Gregory Wolfe, “Full Circle: Art and Revolution.” Comment, Fall 2016, pp. 19-26.

    ----------, “Imagination’s Truths: Re-Envisioning in Philosophy, Religion, & the Arts.” October 13, 2012. Many links here for further exploration.

    Richard B. Hays, “Why should we care about the arts?” Christian Union News, August 16, 2018.

    Bruce Herman, “Why is it important for Christians to make art?” Faith & Leadership, Duke Divinity. May 20, 2013.

    Makoto Fujimura, “The Function of Art.” Faith & Leadership, Duke Divinity, May 9, 2011.

    W. David O. Taylor, “The Aesthetics of John Calvin.” Summary of Theater of God’s Glory.

    Calvin Seerveld

    Steve Bishop, A Bibliography of Seerveld's works from 1995-2008 is available here.

    Calvin Seerveld, a bibliography. Toronto: Tuppence Press.

    ----------, Peter Turkstra Library: Reformational Philosophy. Redeemer University. This website is a veritable library of Reformational scholars, not just about Seerveld.

    ----------, “Advice to Recent Art Graduates: Helping Your Neighbour See Surprises.” In W. David O. Taylor and Taylor Worley, eds., Contemporary Arts and the Church, major addresses of Christians in the Visual Arts Conference, 2015. Westmond IL, USA: InterVarsity Press, 2017.

    Seerveld distinguishes “Church” and “City of God,” and calls for jesters (artists) and ventriloquists (art critics and historians) to take up their promising tasks.

    ----------, ed. Craig G. Bartholomew, In the fields of the Lord: A Seerveld reader. Toronto: Tuppence Press, 2000.

    A selection of lectures and articles by Calvin Seerveld, edited by Craig Bartholomew, on topics as diverse as art, education, daily working life, song, dance, philosophy and reading the Bible. With an introduction to the thought of Seerveld by Bartholomew and an autobiographical 'vignette' by Seerveld himself. The sheer creativity, panache, godly wisdom and humour of Seerveld, and the breathtaking scope of his knowledge and interests, are clearly shown in these diverse articles and lectures, not available elsewhere. Calvin Seerveld sparkles as a foundational Christian teacher and thinker in pursuit of common-sense daily godliness. Includes the Table of Contents.

    ---------- and Kay McLellan, “Dialogue between Calvin Seerveld and Kay McLellan: ‘Calvin Seerveld Art: God’s Gift, Our Thank Offering.’” Christian Teachers Journal, 1997, issue 1.

    Byron Borger, Review of Calvin Seerveld, In the fields of the Lord. Hearts and Minds Books, May 1, 2001.

    Adrienne Dengerink Chaplin, Review of Calvin Seerveld, Normative Aesthetics. Philosophia Reformata, Vol. 81 (2): 179—October 4, 2016.


    ----------, Rainbows for the fallen world: Aesthetic life and artistic task. Toronto: Tuppence Press, January 1, 1980. See also

    This book is one of the most important works in the conversation about Faith & Art. Seerveld is serious, reminding artists of faith that a deep and abiding relationship with God is just as important as skills & talent in art-making. Like L'Engle's Walking on Water, this book needs to be read by any artist of faith looking for tremendous counsel. I also love how broadminded he is; Seerveld reminds us that our art needn't contain any specific "Christian" message, but needs to at least allude to the hope we live by. Incredible book to be read, re-read, highlighted, tabbed & tagged as a tool of guidance.

    Byron Borger, an extraordinary review. Hearts and Minds Books, August 1, 2005:


    “ArtWay: Opening Eyes, Hearts and Minds.”

    ArtWay is a service for congregations and individual believers to help them better understand the visual arts and their important role in deepening faith, worship and the communication of truth and hope within our cultures. ArtWay is web-based. Besides its website, its resources include weekly visual meditations to which one can subscribe, articles, introduction to a wide range of international artists of faith, information about organizations, educational institutions, museums and galleries as well as a host of other features to stimulate discernment and integration of the visual arts in the lives of the faithful and the Church. A veritable treasury of art from a Christian perspective that you cannot afford to ignore.

    For further information:
    Marleen Hengelaar-Rookmaker at < >.
    Laurel Gasque at < >.

    The website includes the bibliography of Professor Hans R. Rookmaker, the pioneer of modern Reformational art along with Calvin Seerveld. Familiarity with Rookmaker’s work is a must for anyone interested in art from a Reformational perspective.

    “Congratulations! Your website is fantastic and very important. It is a great tool for research and the networking of Christian artists.” – International Arts Pastor

    Calvin College (now Calvin), “Art & Art History: Engaging the Visual Arts to Serve Society.” . Includes information regarding Calvin Arts faculty and their interests.

    Elly Linger, trans. Jan H. and Frances A. Boer, Race for Rembrandt. Netherlands, n.p.: Brave New World, 2019. Original title: In rep en roer voor Rembrandt, 2016.

    Janet Read, Metaphoric Truth: Seeing and saying in Merleau-Ponty and Ricoeur: Ethics via Zuidervaart. Toronto: Institute for Christian Studies, Masters thesis, 2010.

    Phil Schaafsma, Eyekons, an online marketplace for spiritually inspired art.

    Eyekons is a creative resource of art inspired by spiritual insight and religious belief. We feature contemporary artists who explore themes of spirituality, religion and social justice. Our website is a multi-tiered online marketplace that offers media professionals, publishers, pastors, youth ministers and art buyers, a source for original art created from uniquely spiritual perspectives.

    Chris Stoffel Overvoorde, “A Life in Art,” Retrospective Exhibition, Grand Rapids Art Museum, 2003.

    “A multidimensional artist, Overvoorde works with equal passion and dexterity in both painting and printmaking to create compelling abstract and figurative work, and both small and large landscape painting. These paintings combine as o ne lifelong investigation and crelebration of the spiritual life.”

    Landscapes “are a response to the technical problems of the landscape, or, actually, the cloudscape…. I see in clouds their heavenly, cosmic aspect. They give me a feeling of smallness. Many of my paintings are very large, because in that way you become a participant in the painting. You actually experience a shrinkage; you become small in front of the vastness of the canvas.”

    Rob Schreur, “Words and Works, Chris Stoffel Overvoorde.”
    Dialogue (Calvin College Communications Board Art Journal), Vol. 17, no.7, 24, 2012.

    For more of Overvoorde, go to:

    Passing the Colors: Engaging Visual Culture in the 21st Century. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002 (199 pp.).

    There have been many publications about understanding art theologically and philosophically. Passing the Colors explores these themes, uniquely, from an artist's perspective.

    This beautifully illustrated volume describes the artistic journey of Chris Stoffel Overvoorde, from his early days as a metal worker in the shipyards of Rotterdam to the years spent passing on his artistic vision as a college professor.

    As Overvoorde writes, sharing is a way of testifying about what God has done at both the personal and communal level. Thus Passing the Colors is more than the story of a life – it also offers many insights into the nature of art, provides an intimate look at the formative role of art in a person's life, and challenges Christians to view the arts in new ways.

    Featuring original artwork in full color, this volume will interest admirers of Overvoorde's career and church leaders considering the place of art in Christian worship., p. 30.

    Nneka Chile, (Eco art) – “Waste not, want not: Nigerian artist turns plastic waste into fashion to raise awareness.” Lagos Thomson Reuters, February 28, 2020.

    Adrienna Dengerink Chaplin, “Evidence of Things Unseen.” ICS Perspective, vol. 36, no. 2, June 2002.

    Chohu Joshua Emmanuel, “Letter from underappreciated Nigerian artist.” October 2019.


    Hannah Marazzi, “Between Holy Mystery and Pragmatic Faith.” Convivium, November 12, 2019.

    Hannah Marazzi refreshes her faith in poetry at an awards ceremony for writing that marks the intersection of our lives and the divine.

    Jeff Mincik, “War, disillusionment, literature, and the Divine.” ET, November 7-13, 2019, p. C12.

    Susannah Pearce, “Only the Heart Sees Rightly: Ruminations on Reading.” The Epoch Times, March 7, 2019, p. 17.

    Relief Journal: A Journal of Art nonfiction, poetry, graphic narrative, and reviews by some of today’s finest. For over a decade, Relief has helped shape the landscapes of faith and imagination for readers around the world. In our annual print journal, we feature fiction, creative literary practitioners, alongside emerging voices. We also publish new reflections on our blog each week — meditations by diverse writers pondering our world through the rich lenses of art and faith – Ade Gallogly, The Banner, December 2017, p. 34.

    Michael Dallaire, Sojourner Poems. Available only at his blog –, December 21, 2017. More information at

    Drama & Cinema*

    William D. Romanowski, Cinematic faith: A Christian perspective on movies and meaning. Grand Rapids MI: Baker Academic, May 2019.

    Go to above website for backcover descriptions of content and recommendations.

    This engaging book explores how Christians can most profitably and critically, hear, read, and view peopular culture through the lens of film... Romanowski... offers new insights on theology and the movies as he highlightzs the benefits of a faith-informed a pproach that centers on art and perspective. He shows how the cinma functions “religiously” as popular art and how Christian faith contributes to the movie-going experience, leading to a deeper understanding of movies and life.

    Richard Walsh, ed., T&T Clark Companion to the Bible and Film. London: T&T Clark, 2018.

    Just Faith?” A play performed at Redeemer Christian High School, Ottawa Ontario, May 28, 2015, by MT Space Theatre Company of Kitchener, Ontario. Toronto: ICS, July 28, 2015.

    Anthony Burke Smith, book notice of William D. Romanowski, Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants fought for freedom at the movies. Oxford University Press, 2012. The American Historical Review, June, 2013, pp. 880-881.

    Dwight H. Friesen, Do You See What I See? Film, Religion, and Theology in the History of an (East) Indian Jesus Movie.

    Faith Driven Consumer, “Faith-friendly Film Review Criteria: Five Criteria Categories.” N.d.

    David Shepherd, ed., Images of the Word: Hollywood's Bible and Beyond. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2008.

    For comments go to Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2008. For an incomplete preview go to Amazon.

    Rhonda Burnette-Bletsch, ed., The Bible in Motion: A Handbook of the Bible and Its Reception in Film. view book toc and download pdf

    Eric Repphun, review of above in The Bible and Critical Theory, Vol. 6, No. 1. Monash University Epress, 2010.


    Marian Van Til, “A Priceless Music Legacy.” CC, October 23, 2917, p. 17.

    Micah van Dijk, “Listen Carefully.” The Banner, January 2017, p. 34. Van Dijk is a popular music expert who helps audiences understand the effect popular music has on their faith and identity. His website:

    Jeff Sheler, “On Evangelicals and Mainstream Culture.” Interview with William Romanowski in Religion and Ethics Weekly, April 30, 2004.


    Gary Sim, compiled and edited, British Columbia Artists. SIM Publishing, August 29, 2017.

    SIM PUBLISHING is pleased to issue another update to our reference publication B.C. ARTISTS. An extensive amount of additional information has been added with the cross-referencing of Macdonald's Dictionary of Canadian Artists, and over 60 early B.C. and Vancouver directories. The project now includes over 2,600 web pages, including an A-Z index of 18,100 artists, 1,500 biographies, 1,000 support files, and 500 images.

    Contains also much information about Canadian First Nations (Aboriginal) art.

    Marie Teilhard, “It’s OK, You Don’t Have to Be a Scientist.” A short statement by an artist, “Weekly Digest” on website of Reasons to Believe, August 1, 2017.

    Marie Teilhard is a dedicated member of our apologetics community...but she’s not a scientist. She’s actually a writer, artist, and photographer!

    In fact, when she started her apologetics training, she felt a little out of place. “I had a liberal arts education,” she explains. “A lot of the scientific topics were foreign to me at the time.”

    She also didn’t know how science apologetics fit into her life. She was just following a call God put on her heart to pursue the training.

    Now, however, she says,

    I am able to understand some of the deeper scientific elements. Because of my artistic sensibilities, I’m able to communicate them using metaphors and symbolism, just as Jesus often spoke in parables. I’m also able to articulate the scientific concepts behind my art. What would my life have been had I rejected the process or not seen it through? I don’t think I would feel so driven, purposeful, and happy. So I’m grateful.

    Like Marie, you don’t have to be a scientist for God to use you in the science-faith discussion.

    Walter Miedema, “Awake in the Dark,” review of Leonard Cohen’s last album “You Want It Darker.” CC, February 27, 2017.

    Anthony Esolen, “After the Exile: Poetry and the Death of Culture.” The Witherspoon Institute, February 10, 2017 and in Christian Union, March 8, 2017.

    Calvin Seerveld, “Advice to Recent Art Graduates: Helping Your Neighbour See Surprises.” In W. David O. Taylor and Taylor Worley, eds., Contemporary Arts and the Church, major addresses of Christians in the Visual Arts Conference, 2015. Westmond IL, USA: InterVarsity Press, 2017.

    Seerveld distinguishes “Church” and “City of God,” and calls for jesters (artists) and ventriloquists (art critics and historians) to take up their promising tasks.

    Michael McManus, “Recovery,” a privately shared personal poem, August 2015.

    Francine Barchett, “Why Music Matters.” Christian Union, Spring 2017, pp. 46-47.

    Jan Hoogland, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Appreciating Wagner with Decorum.” Original title: “Kun je met goed fatsoen van Wagner houden?” Sophie 3/2013, pp. 26-27.

    Lambert Zuidervaart, Fantastic Things: Critical Notes Towards a Social Ontology of the Arts., October 28, 2005.

    Zuidervaart offers a critique of Dooyeweerd’s discussion of art which is found primarily in the first part of the third volume of his “New Critique” concerning individuality-structures (entity theory).

    The above article is one of ten different readings. If you would like more context for some of the key ideas being discussed, I recommend this summary and this introduction. Many of the sidebar links here (on the mainpage) should also be extremely helpful and should definitely be checked out.

    Stronks, Gloria G., and Doug Blomberg, eds., A vision with a task: Christian schooling for responsive discipleship, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1993. (Mandarin translation, abridged, Beijing, 2010.) ISBN 0801083605.

    Nicolas Wolterstorff, Works and Worlds of Art. Oxford University Press, 1980. Restricted information:

    – Table of Contents
    – Introduction
    Also published by Library of Logic and Philosophy. Clarendon Press, 1980.

    --------, Art Rethought: The Social Practices of Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015 (360 pp.).

    Human beings engage works of the arts in many different ways: they sing songs while working, they kiss icons, they create and dedicate memorials. Yet almost all philosophers of art of the modern period have ignored this variety and focused entirely on just one mode of engagement, namely, disinterested attention. In the first part of the book Nicholas Wolterstorff asks why philosophers have concentrated on just this one mode of engagement. The answer he proposes is that almost all philosophers have accepted what the author calls the grand narrative concerning art in the modern world. It is generally agreed that in the early modern period, members of the middle class in Western Europe increasingly engaged works of the arts as objects of disinterested attention. The grand narrative claims that this change represented the arts coming into their own, and that works of art, so engaged, are socially other and transcendent. Wolterstorff argues that the grand narrative has to be rejected as not fitting the facts. Wolterstorff then offers an alternative framework for thinking about the arts. Central to the alternative framework that he proposes are the idea of the arts as social practices and the idea of works of the arts as having different meaning in different practices. He goes on to use this framework to analyse in some detail five distinct social practices of art and the meaning that works have within those practices: the practice of memorial art, of art for veneration, of social protest art, of works songs, and of recent art-reflexive art.

    Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Rethinking Art.” Wheaton College Annual Aesthetics Lecture. March 11, 2016.

    --------, Art in Action: Toward a Christian Aesthetic. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980 (240 pp.).

    Taking vigorous issue with the pervasive Western notion that the arts exist essentially for the purpose of aesthetic contemplation, Nicholas Wolterstorff proposes instead what he sees as an authentically Christian perspective: that art has a legitimate, even necessary, place in everyday life. While granting that galleries, theaters and concert halls serve a valid purpose, Wolterstorff argues that art should also be appreciated in action -- in private homes, in hotel lobbies, in factories and grocery stores, on main street.

    His conviction that art should be multifunction is basic to the author's views on art in the city (he regards most American cities as dehumanizing wastelands of aesthetic squalor, dominated by the demands of the automobile), and leads him to a helpful discussion of its role in worship and the church.

    Developing an aesthetic that is basically grounded, yet always sensitive to the human need for beauty, Wolterstorff make a brilliant contribution to understanding how art can serve to broaden and enrich our lives.

    Anonymous reviewer: I have only looked at the references to Malraux. In this respect the book is often very misleading. Wolsterstorff has not read Malraux with enough care.

    African Gospel Art – “The Life of Jesus Christ: An African Interpretation by the Mafa People in Cameroun.” These exquisite 60+ multi-colour reproductions are set in Mafa country in Cameroon, West Africa. The Mafa people portray the Gospel stories in an African village setting from the perspective of their culture in terms of dress, architecture, environment and customs. Artists and photographers have contributed their skills to this production. More details are accessible at:

    Calvin Seerveld, “The Status of Aesthetic Theory in English-speaking Canada.” Anakainosis, Vol. 7, no. 1 and 2. This article can be accessed at:

    --------, A Christian Critique of Art. Christian Perspective Series 1963. St. Catharines ON: The Association for Reformed Scientific Studies (an earlier name for Institute for Christian Studies), 1963.


    Brian Bilston, “Refugees.” CC, December 11, 2017, p. 1. Read poem both top-bottom and bottom-top and you get completely opposite meanings.

    D. S. Martin, “Kingdom Poets,” a blog for resource of poets of the Christian faith, regardless of background. There is no attempt made to assess orthodoxy, but simply to present poets who speak profoundly of faith in God.

    Martin posts every Monday. Since February 2010, “Kingdom Poets” has become an extensive archive from across the centuries, around the world and varying church background. Its pages include indices on Christmas and Easter poems.


    Christian Medical and Dental Associations (USA). AND ttps:// AND and other websites.

    Christian Medical & Dental Associations serves as the collective voice of thousands of Christian healthcare professionals on bioethical and other healthcare. reliable and biblically sound guidance on healthcare issues. Many turn to CMDA for help with critical bioethical issues, such as abortion, conscience rights in healthcare, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, human trafficking, embryo research, and many others. Our Position Statements on these issues can be found at this link on our website. All additional resources may be found below.

    Christian Medical and Dental Association of Canada.

    Focus Magazine

    FOCUS Magazine is a publication of the Christian Medical and Dental Society (CMDS) which has a Statement of Faith that holds to an orthodox Christian understanding of Jesus Christ and essential biblical truths.

    Our readers are students, practitioners, retired health care professionals and others concerned with contemporary issues relating to Christianity and health care.

    The purpose of FOCUS is to act as a forum in which Christian health care professionals may exchange information and experiences to encourage one another in the integration of their Christian faith and practice.

    Proposals for Submissions to FOCUS

    Please read our Guidelines for Submissions and submit proposals via email to our Assistant Editor Stephanie Potter.

    Nurses Christian Fellowship. click here

    Journal of Christian Nursing.

    Journal of Christian Nursing is a peer-reviewed, quarterly, professional journal helping nurses integrate issues of faith and nursing practice since 1984.

    Our mission is to help nurses, students, and educators practice from a biblically-based, Christian perspective. JCN offers relevant information on clinical topics, research, spiritual care, ethics, faith community nursing, healthcare missions, nursing education, and personal growth and self-care.

    JCN is available in print and digital formats. Continuing education contact hours are offered in each issue. Watch this brief video to learn more about Journal of Christian Nursing.

    FG and the new Department of Traditional Medicine.” Nigerian Tribune, January 20, 2021 via Gamji, a Nigerian news and views website.

    For more literature on Nigerian Traditional Medicine go to the section "Wholistic Health Care" on the BOERIANA page of this website.

    Michael W. Davis, “Suppress the Legion of Christ.” Crisis Magazine, February 21, 2020.

    David Cooke, an email letter about Canadians & Government against Christians (not original title). Campaign Life Coalition, February 8, 2020.

    Jack Taylor, “Sex trafficking—are Christian youth at risk?The Light Magazine, Oct 11, 2019.

    --------, “Child sex trafficking—fastest growing crime in Canada.” The Light Magazine, May, 2018.

    Lynn Armstrong, “Hooked on Porn: For those who want to stop, there is help.” Salvationist—The Voice of the Army, June 6, 2019.

    Cathy Peters, “Preventing child sex trafficking in BC.” Peters is the BC anti-human trafficking educator, speaker and advocate. N. d.

    Fran Quigley, “How a Baptist pastor developed Canada's single-payer system.” Sojourner, March 2019.

    An excerpt of this article entitled “Canada's Father of Medicare-Tommy Douglas” can be found in the magazine of the Council of Senior Citizens' Organizations of B.C. COSCO News, March 2019, p. 14.

    Rebecca S. Dali, “Displacement, Building Resilience and Data: Responding to and Documenting the Victims of the Boko Haram Insurgency in North Eastern Nigeria.” Center for Caring, Empowerment and Peace Initiatives (CCEPI). Presented to U.S. Department of State, 2019, Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom.

    Aaron Baart, “500 Million Websites CAN Be Wrong: What every young person should know about porn.” The Banner, September 10, 2018.

    Perrukh Faruqui, “The cultural failing of assisted Suicide.” The Medical Post, June 18, 2018.

    Graduate and Faculty Christian Forum, “Expert Panel on Addiction,” Vancouver BC, University of British Columbia, March 14, 2018.

    Gabriele Kuby, The Global Sexual Revolution: Destruction of Freedom in the Name of Freedom. Interview by Eric Metaxas. N.d.

    Classis Grand Rapids East (CRC) study report on Biblical and theological support currently offered by Christian proponents of same-sex marriage, 2016. AND

    Committee to Articulate a Foundation-laying Biblical theology of human sexuality, “Biblical theology of human sexuality.” Agenda, CRC Synod 2021. (CRC=Christian Reformed Church).

    The ongoing same-sex marriage controversy in the Christian Reformed Church (CRC):

    Paul Verhoef, “Same-Sex marriage resources and Church Order history for CRCNA.” November 17, 2020.

    Al Wolters, Christian Reformed Church “Synod Studies Sexual Ethics.CC, June 10, 2019, pp. 1, 3.

    To access the Christian Reformed Church resources mentioned in this article, go to:

    Gayla R. Postma, “Same-sex relationships: The struggle in the Christian Reformed Church in North America.” The Banner, November 2020 (pp. 10-14).

    This is an edited title to clarify the topic. The original title is “Same-sex relationships and the CRC.”
    The various reports referenced can be found under “CRC Resources —Acts and Agendas” at Synod Resources | Christian Reformed Church (

    Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Response to the human sexuality report to the CRC Synod of 2021.”

    Nicholas Wolterstorff is one of the CRC’s nationally prominent philosophers. He started out at Calvin College, but after some years moved over to Yale, where he taught many years till his retirement. He introduced me, the owner of this website, to philosophy in 1959. He has publicly declared himself a Kuyperian.

    Gwyneth Findlay, “Wolterstorff says ‘yes’ to same-sex marriage.” Chimes, October 21, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Clayton Libolt, “Synod Recommends Pastoral Advice for Same-Sex Marriage.” This article can be accessed at:

    Josh Parks, “CRC leaders wrestle with same-sex marriage: a look at Synod 2016.” Chimes, December 9, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    William De Vries, et al, “Classis Grand Rapids East Study Report on Biblical and Theological Support Currently Offered by Christian Proponents of Same-Sex Marriage.” January 2016 (142 pp.). This report can be accessed at:

    Classis Grand Rapids East consists of a group of Christian Reformed congregations located in the southeast area of Grand Rapids, MI. Our mission is to be a community of congregations and related ministries that encourage, equip, and challenge one another to be vibrant and missional.

    A Small Group Discussion Guide for the Report from the Classis Grand Rapids East Study Committee on "The Biblical and Theological Support Currently Offered by Christian Proponents of Same-Sex Marriage" October 25, 2018. Discussion Guide Committee Members: Rev. William De Vries (Chair), Mr. Nathan Bierma, Mr. John Chapin, Dr. Jeff Fisher, Dr. Loren Haarsma, Dr. Arthur Jongsma, Jr., Dr. Linda Naranjo-Hueble.

    Gayla R. Postma, “Michigan Classis Accepts Study Report on Same-Sex Marriage, Offers It to Synod 2016.” The Banner, January 2016. This article can be accessed at: AND

    Branson Parler, “Great Lakes Catechism on Marriage and Sexuality.” Executive Committee of the Regional Synod of the Great Lakes in the RCA (Reformed Church in America), July 11, 2018.

    Evgeny Afineevsky, “Pope Francis endorses civil union laws for gay couples in new documentary.” CBC and The Associated Press, Oct 21, 2020.

    Ann Scheible, “Male and Female He Created Them: The Vatican's document on gender theory and education.” June 11, 2019.

    David Gibson, “A Vatican opening on sexuality worries conservatives—and cheers reformers.” Religion News Service, Oct 30, 2018.

    Nancy Pearcey, Love thy body: Answering hard questions about life and sexuality. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, January 2018.

    ----------, “Learning to love thy body: An interview with Nancy Pearcey.” Danvers Audio, a broadcast of the Council of Biblical Mandate, an audio, n.p., n. d. The host, Colin Smothers, was too quick for us to catch the name of the interviewer and other information. However, the interview itself is clear.

    Hendrik Hart, “Scripture-oriented spiritual maturity for loving our LGBTQ neighbor.” CC, July 31, 2017.

    Iain T Benson, “When Injustice Uses the Law: The missing Logic of the Claim for Same-sex Marriage.” Centre for Cultural Renewal, Ottawa: Centre Points, Winter/Spring 2003-2004, pp. 1-3, 11.

    Jeffrey Satinover, Homosexuality and the Politics of Truth. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1996 (280 pp.).

    Bob Thune, review of above, June 30, 2011.

    Sherry Tyree, review of above, Voices Online, vol. XIII, no. 4, December 1998.

    Readers’ strongly conflicting opinions on this controversial book can be found at:

    ARPA, “Conversion Therapy.” Policy Report for Parliamentarians, Fall 2019. Ottawa: Association for Reformed Political Action.

    --------, “Responding to proposals to ban conversion therapy.” Ottawa: ARPA, October 2, 2019.

    ----------, “Interveners in transgender case, appeal for prayer as well as justice.” Church for Vancouver, September 4, 2019.

    Matthew J. Tuininga, “Gentiles, Homosexuality, and Grace in the Body of Christ.” The Banner, December 2017, pp. 32-33.

    Laura-Lynn Tyler Thompson, “My Journey with the LGBTQ against SOGI 123.The Light Magazine, March 2018, p. 14.

    Andrew T. Walker, “It’s Time to Rethink Modern Sexuality.” National Review, October 10, 2017.

    Family Policy Institute of Washington, Understand the transgender issue: Educating and equipping parents to respond. October 2019.[1] [2] [3]

    SUPPORTING ORGANIZATION: This guide is the product of a unique collaboration between organizations with very diverse political opinions and one common concern: The negative consequences of treating bodily sex as irrelevant.

    Heather Hahn, “African bishops speak out on terrorism, sexuality.” United Methodist News Service, Nov. 4, 2015.

    John Mulder, “Hope in the Face of Death.” The Banner, October 2017, pp. 32-33.

    Henry Wildeboer, “From Common Law to In-Law: A Pastor’s Insight on Marriage and Weddings.” CC, September 11, 2017, p. 5.

    Jan H. Boer, “The Case for Marriage,” a response to Wildeboer above. CC, December 11, 2017, p. 5.

    Maaike VanderMeer, “Canadian Colonialism Dressed up as Aid.” CC, August 28 2017, pp. 1,3. This article is part of a Christian Courier issue focused on the theme of “family and children.”

    “‘Unwanted pregnancies’ are not the problem as much as unwanted wars, unwanted famines, unwanted rape, unwanted incest and unwanted displacement. Mama Rebecca didn’t weep because her children ought not to have been born. She wept because they ought not to have died.”

    ----------, Understanding our world: An integral ontology. Co-published by University Press of America and Toronto: ICS, 1984 (498 pp.).

    “...this volume provides a general categorical framework underlying a Christian worldview. The main components which make up this framework are world origin, world order, and ordered world.”

    Working within the reformational tradition of Calvinian philosophy, Hart constructs an ontology of creation using the basic categories of world origin, world order and ordered world.

    ---------- et al (eds.), “Rationality in the Dutch Calvinian tradition,” in Rationality in the Calvinian tradition. Lanham, UP of America, 1980, pp. 93-111.

    John Sikkema, “‘Gender Neutral’ Health Cards and the New Gnosticism.” ARPA Canada accessed on July 27, 2017.

    The Recent Same-Sex Marriage Controversy in the CRC:

    “Classis”(plural: “classes”) is a term for regional groups of churches within the CRC.

    Charles J. Chaput, “Redemption of the Erotic.” Christian Union, March 8, 2017. Excerpt from book Strangers in a Strange Land.

    Kevin Wax, “C.S. Lewis Talks to a Dog about Lust.” The Gospel Coalition, February 2, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Anonymous, “4 Views on Homosexuality and the Bible.”, November 7, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Marshall Segal, “Never Harmless, Never Private, Never Safe: Fighting Porn with Superior Pleasure.” From, October 26, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Mary Vandenberg, “Loving Your Neighbor with Dementia.” Calvin Seminary Forum. Fall, 2016, pp. 14-15.

    Andrew Sloane, “Male and Female He Created Them? Theological Reflections on Gender, Biology and Identity.” Ethics in Brief, KLICE, Summer 2016, Vol. 21, No. 4.

    This paper reflects theologically on gender, biology and identity in light of ambiguous sexual biology (‘intersex’) and psychology (‘gender dysphoria’). It affirms the goodness and diversity of bodily, sexed and gendered existence, while acknowledging the brokenness of the world and human experience of it. It closes with some suggested responses to these realities.

    Department of Justice, Government of Canada, “Prostitution Criminal Law Reformed Bill C-36: The protection of communities and exploited persons Act” and miscellaneous documents, December 6, 2014.

    Chelsey Harmon and Harry Van Belle, “Sex, intimacy, and the single person.” The Banner, June 19, 2013.

    Eileen Scott, “Seeking to Abolish Sex Week: Undergraduates for a Better Yale College Circulate Petitions.” The Ivy League Christian Observer, February 10, 2012.

    Care Net, “Pro Life 101:A free online pro-life course,” ongoing since 2008.


    There is also a missiological section on the BOERIANA page of this website under these two headings:

    Section 1: Boeriana Bibliography / Missions & Missiology

    For more on Christian-Muslim relations go to the
    ISLAMICA page.

    Gerald H. Anderson, ed., Biographical dictionary of Christian missions. New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1998 (845 pp.).

    The above dictionary is a work of amazing scholarship with its 845 pages of missionary biographies. Size, price and copyright prohibit opening it up for you, but if you're into any missiological research at all, you must be aware of this dictionary and consult it. Try finding it in any scholarly library near you.

    International Bulletin of Ministry Research. Published quarterly by Overseas Ministries Study Center, New Haven CN, USA.

    Established in 1950 as Occasional Bulletin from the Missionary Research Library, was renamed Occasional Bulletin of Missionary Research and in 1981 to International Bulletin of Missionary Research. Now under its current name. The current title reflects the fact that mission now takes place everywhere, not just “over there.” The magazine covers a wide range of contemporary missiological and related subjects that thus needs to be familiar to every researcher.

    International Review of Missions. Published by World Council of Churches since 1912. Geneva.

    This journal is not Reformational and sometimes not even compatible. However, it does feature a lot of missiological creativity and many reviews of Reformational and compatible books.

    American Society of Missiology (ASM).

    As the ecumenical professional association for mission studies in North America, the American Society of Missiology includes more than 600 academicians, mission agency executives, and missionaries in a unique fellowship of scholarship and mission.

    International Association for Mission Studies (IAMS).

    The International Association for Mission Studies is an international, interconfessional and interdisciplinary professional society for the scholarly study of Christian witness and its impact in the world and the related field of intercultural theology.

    Missiology: An International Review, Published by ASM (above).

    The quarterly journal of the American Society of Missiology (ASM), a forum for the exchange of ideas and research between missiologists and others interested in related subjects. Current ASM members and nonmember journal subscribers can access Missiology online. Missiology began publication in 1973, continuing in the tradition of its predecessor, Practical Anthropology. It has a worldwide print circulation of approximately 1150 subscribers.

    Lausanne Movement.

    The Lausanne Movement connects influencers and ideas for global mission, with a vision of the gospel for every person, an evangelical church for every people, Christ-like leaders for every church, and kingdom impact in every sphere of society. Learn about our beginnings, ongoing connections, and mission today.

    This website contains a number of famous mission declarations such as

    The Lausanne Covenant

    The Manilla Manifesto

    The Cape Town Commitment

    Contains a host of other documents and papers on missions and related subjects. A veritable library.–an initiative of the Missio Dei Foundation (MDF), a registered nonprofit organization.

    < >brings together diverse perspectives from across the spectrum of Christian mission studies. We're not promoting one viewpoint –evangelical or ecumenical, Western or Majority-World, practical or theological, traditional or avante garde. Instead, we're opening a space for discourse among serious students of mission from all kinds of backgrounds.

    Council for World Mission, a partnership of churches in mission. Singapore.

    Association of Professors of Mission (APM). AND

    The Margaret O'Gara ecumenical dialogue collection. Online resource centre for Canadian bilateral ecumenical dialogues. The Canadian Council of Churches.

    Rick Manafo, ed., InCONTEXT Magazine: The Canadian Apologetics Magazine. Ravi Zacharias International Ministries (RZIM). Vol. 4, Toronto: Ravi Zacharias International Ministries Canada, n.d.

    Daniel Durant, ed., Just Thinking, the magazine of Ravi Zacharias International Ministries., n.d.

    Augustine Collective, Just Thinking, Augustine Collective | What We Do.

    The Augustine Collective exists to support student leaders of Christian journals on college campuses, foster collaboration between journals, and assist in the launch of new journals. The Collective sponsors an array of resources including annual conferences and gatherings, leadership coaching and mentoring, online resources, and catalytic funding.

    We'd love to help you start a journal on your campus. A great first step would be to contact us so we can discuss where you are in the process.

    Mission Frontiers—The Online Magazine of Frontier Ventures.

    Mission Frontiers is published by Frontier Ventures and is dedicated to establishing an indigenous, and self-reproducing church planting movement amongst all of the unreached peoples (ethnic groups) of the world. Register; Login; home; current issue; past issues; blog; subscribe....

    Not all issues of Mission Frontiers have been imported into the new content management system (CMS). Old issues not yet in the CMS can be found here as HTML or PDF documents. If you would like to help get back issues into the new CMS, email us at

    Jan H. Bavinck, Bibliography (English items follow the Dutch ones.), Bavinck Institute. This document can be accessed at:

    N. T. Wright, “Christianity makes sense of the world.” November 11, 2020. N.T. Wright: Christianity Makes Sense of the World (Human Longings, Broken Signposts, John's Gospel) - YouTube.

    Michael W. Goheen, Here you will find an amazing 45-page(!) curriculum vitae of missiological career and writings--books, book chapters, academic and popular articles, and book reviews by Goheen both published and nonpublished. For more information on any listed item, please click on the title (it will open in a new window).

    To the best of my knowledge, this is the most amazing and longest list of Reformational missiological writings that has ever been produced. A veritable library. No missiological researcher can afford to ignore it.

    Josh Larsen, ed., Back to God Ministry International’s “Think Christian.” < >.

    “It has been rewarding to hear from Think Christian readers who have been… enriched, including many who are encountering the Reformed perspective for the first time” – Josh Larson, The Banner, May 2018, p. 24.

    Thomas Sieberhagen, “Laughter, fools and missions.” International Mission Board, Southern Baptist Convention, July 9, 2019.

    Prayers and stories by, from and with former Muslims, May-June 2019.

    Reasons to Believe (RTB), “Welcome to RTB’s Student Mentoring Program. Raising up a New Generation of Christian Research Scientists.”

    --------, "Here are the Top 10 reasons to believe in God..." <reasons to believe - Bing>.

    Barnabas Aid, “Secular Means to a Gospel End: Should Christian Faith Be Allied with Political Interests?” < > – June 15, 2018.

    World Communion of Reformed Churches, “Beit-El Salam Message: A contribution to WCRC Discussions on Mission in the Context of Crisis and Marginalization” Beit-El Salam Message: A contribution to WCRC Discussions on Mission in the Context of Crisis and Marginalization. A conference held at Beit-El Salam, Alexandria, Egypt, 7-11 November 2019.

    --------, “Mission in context: From 'witness' to 'with-ness'.” 2019.

    --------, “Reformed-Pentecostal dialogue distilling five years' of discussion.” November 2, 2019.

    --------, “Boesak challenges WCRC to continue global struggle.” 2012.

    Harry Van Bellen, “Why I am a Christian.” Unpublished paper, n. d.

    Oliver Staley, “How to talk about God in Silicon Valley.” Religion News Service, Podcast Quarz, June 7, 2018.

    Trevor G. Vanderveen, Reforming a Reformed Kingdom Witness: Discerning a Post-Christendom Congregational Hermeneutic for First CRC of Vancouver, a Doctor of Ministry Project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Ministry, Carey Theological College, Vancouver, May 2018.

    Shiao Chong, “Is the Bible Trustworthy?” The Banner, March 2018, p. 40.

    Lily Kuo, “Africa's 'Reverse Missionaries' Are Bringing Christianity Back to the United Kingdom.” Quartz Africa, October 11, 2017.

    Keller, Timothy. “Why Should Anyone Become a Christian?” Nov. 11, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Bp-Relate, “Biography of Sunday Adelaja.” Believers Portal, September 6, 2016.

    Robert Parham and Cliff Vaughn, “The Disturbances,” a feature-length documentary film released September 2016. Running time 115 minutes.

    This documentary chronicles the role of Christian missionaries saving lives in Nigeria in 1966 amid the events leading up to the Nigerian Civil War. For more information, visit or contact co-producer/director Cliff Vaughn at 615-720-7577.

    Sean McDowell, “Forgiveness: The Most Powerful Apologetics.” July 18, 2016. This article can be accessed at

    Nicky Gumbel, Is Faith Irrational? Naperville IL: Alpha North America, 2016.

    ----------, “Is God a Delusion?” Dublin: Alpha International, 2008.

    George M. Marsden, C. S. Lewis's mere Christianity: A biography. Lives of great religious books. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2016.

    Jordan Samson Rengshwat, “Bewilderment, Speculation and Benefaction: Africans’ Interpretation of World War I in the Literature of the Sudan United Mission (British Branch).” Paper presented at the Jos-Bukuru Theological Society (Nigeria), November 2015.

    Guy Walters, “Empty Churches and Crowded Mosques in Britain.”, May 29, 2013.

    Gordon Carkner, “Empowering Effective Dialogue in Late Modernity.” August, 2012. The document can be accessed at:

    Dr. Carkner has a Ph.D. from the University of Wales and Oxford Centre for Mission Studies. He is currently on the staff of Outreach Canada. He writes a blog at < > and can be reached at < >

    Patrick Sookhdeo, Islam in Our Midst: The Challenge to Our Christian Heritage. McLean VA: Isaac Publishing, 2011.

    This bread of life report of The United States Roman Catholic-Reformed dialogue on the Eucharist/Lord's Supper. November, 2010.

    Robert Knudsen, Roots and Branches: The Quest For Meaning And Truth In Modern Thought. Paideia Press, 2009 (380 pp.). Parts I (partially) and II. See also AND


    "Apologetics and History," in Life Is Religion. Henry Vander Groot, ed. St. Catherines: Paideia Press, 1981 (pp. 119-133).

    "Roots of the New Theology," in Scripture and Confession. John Skilton, editor. Philadelphia: Presbyterian & Reformed, 1973 (pp. 247-273).


    "Analysis of Theological Concepts: A Methodological Sketch," in Westminster Theological Journal. 40, Spring, 1978, 229-244.

    "May We Use the Term Theonomy?" in Theonomy: A Reformed Critique. William S. Barker & W. Robert Godfrey, eds. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1990, 15-37.

    "The Transcendental Perspective of Westminster's Apologetic," in Westminster Theological Journal. 48, Fall, 1986, 223-239.

    "Progressive and Regressive Tendencies in Christian Apologetics," in Jerusalem and Athens. Robert Geehan, ed. Philadelphia: Presbyterian & Reformed, 1971, 275-298.

    Matthew Parris, “As an Atheist, I Truly Believe Africa Needs God.” The Times (London, UK), December 27, 2008.

    Ted Peters, “Christian God-talk while listening to Atheists, Pluralists and Muslims.” Dialog: A Journal of Theology, Vol. 46, Number 2, Summer 2007.

    David Warren, “Now We’re Talking”—Pope and Muslims agree on dialogue. Sunday Spectator, October 22, 2006.

    Ken Walker, “Out of Africa.” Ministries Today, January/February 2006.

    Eugene Schemper, ed., “Reflections on Ministry in Cultural Context.” Forum of CTS, Spring 2004.

    Abraham Kuyper, “Missions According to Scripture.” Transl. Pieter Tuit. CTJ, November 2003, pp. 237-247. Original Dutch title: De zending naar de schrift: Inleidend woord voor het elfde jaarfeest der Nederlandsche Gereformeerde Zendings-Vereeniging (in uittreksel weergegeven).

    Kenneth D. Boa and Robert M. Bowman Jr., Faith Has Its Reasons: Integrative Approaches to Defending the Christian Faith. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. A partial but expansive preview. Faith Has Its Reasons - FREE ebook | The Puritan Board

    The book covers an amazing range of topics as well as individuals. Below follows a selection of some topics and individuals.

    "Faith Has Its Reasons is a study of four different models of how apologetics should be done, an assessment of their strengths and weaknesses, and a proposal for integrating the best insights of each. Kenneth Boa and Robert Bowman have assembled a wealth of information about what Christians believe and how to present that faith to an unbelieving world. Remarkable both in its depth of content and ease of accessibility," –Publisher description.

    Part One: Early church Fathers, Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, The Reformation.

    Ch. 3–"Four Types of Apologetic Systems."

    Part Two: Warfield, C. S. Lewis, Kreeft

    Ch. 6–"Miracles as the credentials of revelation."

    Part Three:

    Ch. 10–"Miracles as evidence of God."

    Part Four: "Reformed Apologetics."

    Calvin, Dooyeweerd, Van Til, Clark, Plantinga

    Ch. 11–"The Strengths of Reformed Apologetics."

    "The Weaknesses of Reformed Apologetics."

    Ch. 14–"Antithesis between Christian and Non-Christian religions."

    "Miracles as revealed by God."

    Part Five:

    Ch. 18–"Miracles as God revealing Himself."

    Part Six:

    Ch. 22–"Miracles as signs."

    Ch. 23–"Apologetics: Four Approaches."

    Anonymous, “Strategy for Reaching Muslims: Foundational and Contentious Issues.” Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology, Vol. 19. 2, 2000 (pp. 145-155).

    Robert R. Recker, “Various Theses,” a paper read at the Western Michigan Theological Society, Grand Rapids, Michigan, September 22, 1999.

    These two Recker articles (the one above and the one below) are both to be found through the link of the article below. Two articles; one link.

    --------, “The Concept of Mission,” a paper read at the Western Michigan Theological Society, Grand Rapids, Michigan, August 1999.

    Keith Pavlischek, “Continuing the Protestant-Catholic Dialogue on politics and society.” Public Justice Report, 1st quarter 1999, p. 9.

    Darrow L. Miller, “The 21st Century Mission: Discipling Nations.” Evangelical Missions Quarterly, January 1998, Vol. 34, No. 1.

    Andrew E. Barnes, "'Evangelization where it is not wanted': Colonial administrators and missionaries in Northern Nigeria during the first third of the twentieth century." Journal of Religion in Africa, XXV, 4. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1995 (pp. 412-441). AND
    For free read, go to

    Henk G. Geertsema, “…Dialogue of Christian Faith with a Secular Culture….” See Griffioen & Balk under “Writings about Dooyeweerd” above. 1985. Chapter 1, pp. 11-28.

    J. H. Bavinck, Christusprediking in de volkerenwereld. Inaugural lecture delivered at the theological schools at Kampen and the Free Reformed University in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 1939.

    William Evenhouse, “The Elders’ Stomach Ache: An Informal Essay on Two Proverbs in Wapan.” Private unpublished paper, n.d.

    “Wapan” is the indigenous name for the people of Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria, whose colonial name somehow became corrupted as "Jukun." Evenhouse served there as a missionary linguist during the 1970s under the combined auspices of the Christian Reformed Church-Nigeria and the Christian Reformed Church in North America.

    “Salaam 2.0,” brochure by Christian Reformed World Mission.

    John C. DeKorne, To whom I now send thee: Mission work of the Christian Reformed Church in Nigeria. Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2nd edition, 1945 (96 pp.).

    DeKorne's obituary.

    Henry Beets, trans. Jan H. Boer, “The Coming of the Gospel among the Frisians.” Published as ebook right here on this website, at and Library and Archives Canada, 2019. ISBN 978-1-989333-17-4.

    Henry Beets, Johanna of Nigeria: Life and Labors of Johanna Veenstra (S.U.M.). Grand Rapids: Grand Rapids Printing Com., 1937. This book can be accessed at:

    NOTE: This book is written by a Christian Reformed Church (CRC) mission administrator and writer about a CRC missionary in Nigeria, neither of whom were Reformational. It is included here to give the Christian Reformed Church of Nigeria, which I served for some 30 years, access to their pioneer era.

    Johanna Veenstra, Pioneering for Christ in the Sudan. Grand Rapids: Smitter Book Co., 1926 (234 pp.).

    Chris Meehan, “Nigerians honour Johanna Veenstra.” CRC's The Banner, December 15, 2008.

    H. Karl W. Kumm, “Two Guest Articles: A Missionary Recruiter in the CRC,” with a brief introduction by Jan. H. Boer.

    “The Christian Reformed Church and Foreign Missions,” The Banner, May 9, 1918, p. 341.

    “If Foreign Missionary Work – Then Where?” The Banner, May 16, 1918, pp. 358-359.


    Adelle M. Banks, “Nigeria Listed Among Most Serious Violators of Religious Freedom in U.S. State Department Statement.” The Banner, December 10, 2020.

    Barnabas Today--Home | Barnabas Today. ** Barnabas Aid magazine, November / December 2020, p. 18.

    Launched in September 2020, the aim of Barnabas Today is to provide spiritual resources to encourage believers facing pressure and difficulties of many kinds. We are prioritizing resources created by our brothers and sisters living in situations of poverty and persecution...."

    It is a place where Christians can freely watch, read, listen or download material to touch their hearts, educate their minds and strengthen their souls. There are hymns and songs in different languages with music coming from different continents.

    Open Doors, “2020 World Watch list: Trends in global persecution.” January 16, 2020.

    Cardus Religious Freedom Institute (CRFI)– a brochure of 2019.

    Freedom of religion and conscience is at the foundation of our country's democracy. It has shaped the genuinely pluralist nature of Canadian society. But an amnesia has developed whereby expressions of religious faith have been marginalized from the public debate and civil society institutions.

    The CRFI aims to reverse this amnesia by leading and equipping our partners within Canada's faith communities, and defending and promoting expressions of public faith. This work is central to the mission of the CRFI, understanding that religious freedom is the fundamental right of all people of faith and of no faith.

    Andrew Bennett, “An institutional history of religious freedom in Canada.” Cardus Religious Freedom Institute, 2nd ed., April 5, 2020.

    --------, “What is religious freedom?” Cardus Religious Freedom Institute, May 11, 2020.

    Andrew Bennett, “Three reasons to care about Religious Freedom in Canada.” Hamilton ON: Cardus Religious Freedom Institute (CRFI), 2019.

    --------, “Ontario Appeal Courts says doctors can't refuse to give referrals over moral or religious beliefs.” The Toronto Star, May 15, 2019.

    --------, “Liberals' 'Values Test' a threat to freedom in Canada.” The Hamilton Spectator, April 3, 2019.

    --------, “The imperative of conscience Rights.” CRFI, December 4, 2018.

    --------, “Supporters of Public Faith in Canada are young, educated, liberal and 'quite dug in'.” National Post, November 23, 2018.

    --------, “Canadian Millennials take up the challenge of living a public faith..” CRFI, June 6, 2018.

    --------, “Millennial summit affirms role of religious faith in Canada.” The Catholic Register, July 13, 2017.

    Barnabas Fund Resources. An amazing library of studies, mostly about Islam, by Patrick Sookhdeo et al. Resources | Barnabas Fund

    Barnabas Fund, “St Paul's Cathedral forbid public reading of the Bible – police disagree!

    See also Barnabas Prayer bulletin, September 29, 2018.

    Ray Wells, “St Paul's stop preacher from reading The Bible outside Cathedral.” The Telegraph, July 22, 2018.

    Elizabeth Kendal, “Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin” (RLPB). “RLPB is published weekly to facilitate strategic intercessory prayer.” It is associated with years of blogging and covers a multitude of nations, wherever there is religious turmoil and/or persecution of Christians by whomever, with emphasis on the Islamic or Muslim world. If an article deals with Muslims or Islam, you will find it on the ISLAMICA page. If it deals with persecution of Christians by others, you will find it right here. This particular item is found in both places.

    --------, “Nigeria's Conversion Crisis: Echoes of Egypt.” Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin | RLPB 439 | Wed 24 Jan 2018.

    For comments on this story, go to Boer's Blog <>, Post 61.

    --------, “Germany: Reformation or Death.” Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin | RLPB 380 |, October 19, 2016.

    Adelle M. Banks, “Black seminarians take first-time religious freedom course”. RSN, December 12, 2019.

    Douglas Todd, “Quebec religious restrictions mild on international scale”. VS, November 16, 2019.

    Persecution of Christians in the West£2500-by-police-for-wrongful-arrest-in-london

    --------, “The plank in our own eye: The West must look to shameful discrimination against Christians at home before criticising other nations.” January 22, 2019.


    Meagan Campbell, “Medieval Spanish persecution of Jews and its modern fall out” (real title: “Something I had to do for my ancestors.”) Vancouver Sun, October 25, 2019.

    Alejandra Molina, “40% of Muslim students in CA report being bullied due to religion....” RNS, October 16, 2019.

    Ron Kuipers, “Human Dignity and Religious Freedom: Conceptual Frameworks.” Lecture delivered at the 26th Annual International Conference on Law and Religion: “Human Dignity and Freedom of Religion or Belief: Preventing and addressing persecution,” hosted by the International Center for Law and Religion Studies at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, October 6-8, 2019.

    Ross Douthat, “Are Christians Privileged or Persecuted? How Western liberalism’s peculiar relationship to its Christian heritage leaves non-Western Christians exposed.” New York Times, April 23, 2019.

    Sigal Samuel, “The Witches of Baltimore: Young Black women are leaving Christianity and embracing African witchcraft in digital covens..” The Atlantic, November 5, 2018.

    Jeremy Weber, “No Cheeks Left to Turn: The Double Persecution of Africa’s Largest Church. Images by Gary S. Chapman.” Christianity Today, November, 2018.

    Patrick Sookhdeo, “Trends in Christian Persecution.” Barnabas Aid, September/October, 2018, pp.8-14.

    ----------, “A History of Christian Persecution: Christian Responses to Persecution.” BarnabasAid May-June, 2018, Pull-out series no. 6. Go to earlier and later editions of BarnabasAid for more members of this series. BarnabasAid May June 2018 by Barnabas Fund - issuu

    Christian Broadcasting Network, “Why the Potomac Declaration is 'truly historic' for religious freedom.” Includes the full text of the Declaration. CBN News, July 27, 2018.
            For further research on the Declaration, there are scores of websites devoted to it.

    Morgan Lee, “Pence and Pompeo make big religious freedom pledges..” Christianity Today, July 26, 2018.

    Potomac Declaration and action plan hope to persuade more nations by the second US religious freedom ministerial next year.

    US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, International Religious Freedom Report for 2017. Annual Report on International Religious Freedom.

    Alasdaire Henderson, “Reasonable Accommodation and Religious Liberty.” The Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics: “Ethics in Brief,” Summer 2017 (Vol. 22; No. 4).

    Catherine Elvy, “Truth Seeking, Democracy, and Freedom of Expression,” Christian Union, Spring 2017, pp. 57-58.

    Andrew Bennett, “Defending a Foundational Freedom.” Convivium, January 10, 2017. This article can be found at:

    William Paul Todd, The Attitudes of the Evangelical Church of West Africa (ECWA) towards Islam in Light Of Ethnic and Religious Violence. Unpublished Ph.D thesis for Queen’s University of Belfast, 2010 (434 pp.).

    International Journal for Religious Freedom (IJRF), International Institute for Religious Freedom (IIRF) of World Evangelical Alliance (WEA). Vol. 1, Issue 1, 2008 (156 pp.) This volume can be accessed at:

    Table of Contents of Sample Issue vol. 6, Issue 1 / 2, 2013:

    In my Opinion
    Conceptual issues in contemporary religious freedom research – Paul Marshall 7
    Religious freedom and the twofold work of God in the world – Thomas K Johnson 17
    Registration of religious organizations – Anastasia Isaeva 25
    Church-State relations and religious freedom in Argentina and Brazil – Rodrigo Vitorino Souza Alves and Alexandre Walmott Borges 37
    How a social engineering project affected Christians in Turkey – Abdullah Kiran 51
    Perceptions of Christians in Turkey – Wolfgang Haede 65
    Religious freedom in Indonesia – Thomas Schirrmacher 85
    Early warning system methodology – David Taylor 97
    The Western religions attack on by Western law – Iain T. Benson 111
    ‘Sexual orientation’ and ‘gender identity’ at the UN – Paul Coleman 127
    The European Court of Human Rights – Daniel Ottenberg 143
    Religious persecution as a crime against humanity – Lovell Fernandez 157
    When can the persecution of Christians be considered as genocide or a crime against humanity? – Werner Nicolaas Nel 173
    Apostasy – Christine Schirrmacher 189
    Religious cults, religious leaders and the abuse of power – Stephan Pretorius 203
    Religious freedom and objectives for intercultural economic development – Antonio Fuccillo & Francesco Sorvillo 217

    Christof Sauer (ed.), Bad Urach Statement: Towards an Evangelical Theology of Suffering, Persecution and Martyrdom for the Global Church in Mission. WEA Global Issues Series no. 9. Bonn, Germany: Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft Culture and Science Publ. Dr. Thomas Schirrmacher, 2012 (92 pp.). This document can be accessed at:

    Bernard Zylstra, “Using the constitution to defend religious rights.” Reprinted with permission from Lynn R. Buzzard, ed., The impact of law on religious liberty. Crossway Books. Distributed by Toronto: ICS.

    Persecution of Christians by Hindus

    The following is a list of websites that tell the story of Hindu persecution of Christians. This is a random list; many more can be found. I will not enter the debate whether this persecution represents mainstream Hinduism or only radical extremists. That's for Hindus to decide.

    Barnabas Aid, “Persecution of Christians by Hindus.” BarnabasAid, the magazine of Barnabas Aid, and BarnabasPrayer, the bimonthly prayer bulletin of Barnabas Aid. Pewsey, Wiltshire, UK and McLean, Virginia, USA, 2017. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

    Jan H. Boer, ed., “Hindu Persecution of Christians.” Sourced from brochures and magazine from Barnabas Aid, Pewsey, Wiltshire, UK.

    Gary Hunt, “Dalits and Their Quest for Freedom,” – a brochure, Dalit Freedom Network Canada: Surrey BC, Canada. < Gary Hunt, “Dalits and Their Quest for Freedom,” – a brochure, Dalit Freedom Network Canada: Surrey BC, Canada. < >, February 2013.


    Nathan Bierma, review of Amanda W. Benckhuisen, The Gospel according to Eve, in Forum CTS, Winter 2020, p. 28.

    “For much of church history, interpreting the Bible has been done by men. Benckhuisen's book recovers several significant female writers from relative obscurity to celebrate their contributions and hear their perspectives, especially on the stories in Genesis of creation and original sin.”

    Flyn Ritchie, Review: “Claws of the Panda: The curious role of 'Mish Kids' in Canada's China policy.” Church for Vancouver, May 16, 2019.

    Ron Dart and J. I. Packer, Christianity and Pluralism. Bellingham WA: Lexham Press, 2019.

    Samuel Britt, review of Esther E. Acolatse, Powers and the Spirit: Biblical Realism in Africa and the West. Reading Religion, a digital publication of the American Academy of Religion, July 11, 2018.

    Dennis Danielson, The Tao of Right and Wrong: Rediscovering Humanities’ Moral Foundations. Vancouver: Regent College Publishing, June 15, 2018.

    “Dennis Danielson's message in The Tao of Right and Wrong needs to be urgently heeded. . This book should be on every teacher's reading list.”

    —Margaret Somerville, Professor of Bioethics, University of Notre Dame Australia

    The Tao of Right and Wrong is a remarkably compressed and equally lucid exposition of the truths that really count. ... The debate in which this book engages is, in the full sense of the term, a fundamental one.”

    —Rex Murphy, Commentator for The National Post and formerly for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

    Sonya Vanderveen Feddema, “The Journalist’s Task.” Review of All We Leave Behind: A Reporter's Journey into the Lives of Others. Christian Courier, March 10, 2018.

    Dylan Pahman, “The Cooperative Magic of Work.” Religion & Liberty, The Acton Institute's International Journal of Religion, Economics and Culture, Summer 2017, Vol. 27, No. 3 (p. 11).

    “Work,” writes the Reformed theologian Lester DeKoster, “is the form in which we make ourselves useful to others.”

    Peter Schuurman, “The Ark, the Titanic and a Cargo Ship to Tarshish: Temptation in the Post-Christian Storm,” review of The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Conservative Christians in a Post-Christian Nation, by Rod Dreher. Sentinel, 2017. CC, June 12, 2017, pp. 9, 16, 20.

    Peter Stockland, “Finding, within ourselves, the power to forgive.” A review of the film “Hidden Figures.” Times Colonist, January 19, 2017. Vita Daily, January 19, 2017, Epoch Times, January 19-25. The article is accessible at the following websites.

    (Stockland is senior writer with Cardus and publisher of

    Kathryn Applegate and J. B. Stump, eds., How I Changed My Mind about Evolution. Biologos and Intervarsity Press, 2017.

    Many evangelicals have come to accept the conclusions of science while still holding to a vibrant belief in God and the Bible. How did they make this journey? Here are some stories of 25 people who have come to embrace evolution and faith, including Francis Collins, John Ortberg, and N.T. Wright.

    Daniel J. Hugger, ed., Lord Acton: Historical and Moral Essays. Grand Rapids: Acton Institute, 2017 (283 pp.).

    Liberty is contested because it is complex. It is not merely a concern of political science or economy, an abstract philosophical concept, or a theological doctrine. It is all those things and many things besides; it is, as Lord Acton said, “the delicate fruit of a mature civilization.” To understand this complex and contested idea, the best place to begin is with Acton himself, the foremost historian of liberty. This collection of Acton’s most important historical and moral essays introduces contemporary readers to his account of the emergence and impact of the idea of liberty.

    Lambert Zuidervaart, Truth in Husserl, Heidegger, and the Frankfurt School: Critical Retrieval. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2017.

    The book is dedicated to Merold Westphal, a leading Christian scholar in continental philosophy, and to the memory of Johan van der Hoeven, Lambert’s PhD supervisor at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. In this new book, Dr. Zuidervaart takes up the most important writings and authors in recent German philosophy in order to propose a new and comprehensive idea of truth. The book has received strong endorsements from scholars in the field. They say it “adroitly moves beyond the sterile isolation” between continental and analytic philosophy (Daniel Dahlstrom) and “takes important steps toward … a more comprehensive conception, in which truth, intersecting with goodness, calls for societal transformation” (Maeve Cooke). They also describe the book as “meticulously researched and elegantly written” (James Gordon Finlayson) and as a “timely must-read for anyone interested in truth” (Barbara Fultner). For more details about this path-breaking book, be sure to visit the publisher’s website.

    Robert Sweetman, Tracing the Lines: Spiritual Exercise and the Gesture of Christian Scholarship. Eugene, OR, USA: Wipf and Stock, 2016. Reviewed by Calvin Seerveld of the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto (adapted by Harry Fernhout from a talk given by Seerveld at a book launch in Toronto, October 2016). Contact, Newsletter of IAPCHE (International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education), vol. 28, No. 2, December 2016, pp. 16-17.

    Heidi De Jonge and Ken Herfst, review of Albert M. Wolters, Creation Regained: A Transforming View of the World. Cardus' Comment, April 23, 2015.

    Nicholas Wolterstorff: "This is the best statement I have come across of the 'Reformational' Christian worldview. It is lucidly written, includes a lot of helpful analogies and illustrations, and is throughout generous in its spirit."

    Part I-April 16, 2015.

    Part II-April 23, 2015.

    Mike Wagenman, “Authority: What’s Love Got to Do with It?” Review of We Answer to Another: Authority, Office and the Image of God by David Koyzis. Pickwick Publications, 2014. CT, October 27, 2014, p. 9.

    NOTE: Wagenman is the Director of the Kuyper Centre, a Christian Study Centre at Western University in London, Ontario. See

    Sid Garland, Review of Robin Daniel, Mission strategies then and now: An introduction to Biblical missiology. TCNN Research Bulletin, March 2014 (pp. 35-38).

    Vishal Mangalwadi, The Book that Made Your World: How the Bible Created the Soul of Western Civilization. Thomas Nelson, October 2012.

    Wikipedia on Mangalwadi—
    Vishal Mangalwadi is a social reformer, political columnist, Indian Christian philosopher, writer and lecturer. He has been called the Abraham Kuyper of India.

    Bill Muehlenberg, review of Mangalwadi, The book that made your world. Culture Watch, September 28, 2011.

    John M. Frame, review of Magnus Verbrugge, Alive: An Enquiry into The Origin and Meaning of Life. Westminster Theological Journal, Fall 1985, pp. 373-379. Republished by Frame, May 25, 2012.


    While much of this page and, indeed, of this website, is best described as a “library,” this section is more of an exhibit or series of snapshots about how Reformationals think, act and react. The articles here are short and more crispy, but not academic or scholarly, though quite a number have been written by scholars. This section demonstrates how Reformational thinking has taken hold of different individuals; it is not restricted to the academic stratosphere. Unlike most of this page, this section is not divided according to topics; the items are mostly arranged according to date. Though short and non-academic, these are good articles worthy of your attention.

    Christian Courier, an independent biweekly published by the Board of Reformed Faith Witness, St. Catharines ON. < >.

    This is a popular Reformational biweekly that largely, though not exclusively, mirrors the thinking, interests, attitudes and involvements of adherents to Reformational philosophy at popular level, though some of the contributors are scholars. From September 2017 on, only “Short shorts” of unusual or exceptional nature are listed on this page to avoid an over-abundance. Anyone interested in popular expressions of Reformational philosophy is encouraged to go to its website and enjoy a potpourri of Reformational diet at popular level.

    Jennifer Neutel, “Commitment to Reformed Vision Drives Christian Courier Board.” March 16, 2018.

    The Banner, the monthly magazine of the Christian Reformed Church (CRC). Grand Rapids MI.

    This magazine is a mix of Reformational, traditional Reformed and Evangelical writings that mirrors the thought and action of both the denomination and its members. Only select articles are featured on this website, but many others supplement the picture of an orthodox Reformed church.

    Anonymous, “Image of God and drug abuse.” From an unknown source.

    “...judgement of right or wrong shouldn't be based on economic profit, but on divine standard. Traditional morality sees the human form as sacred and created in divine likeness. Western religions believe the body is the 'Temple of the Holy Ghost," while in the East, it was believed that the body could improve through cultivation to become a Buddha or a Tao. Drug abuse then, is an act of desecreation.”

    Derek Schuurman, “Anti-Revolutionary Technology.” CC, June 10, 2019, p. 13.

    Todd Statham, “Did Jesus Really Exist?” The Banner, July/August 2018, p. 15.

    Ray Wells, “St. Paul's Stop Preacher from Reading the Bible outside the Cathedral.” The Telegraph, July 22, 2018. and See also Barnabas Prayer Bulletin, Sept 29, 2018.

    Micah van Dijk, “Misogyny in Pop Music: Denying the Image-Bearing Status of Women.” The Banner, March 2018, p. 38.

    David Koyzis, “Gnosticism and the Human Body.” CC, February 12, 2018, p. 8.

    Rudy Eikelboom, “The Governor General, Religion and Science (1).” CC, January 22, 2018, pp. 8.

    Nathan Timmerman, “Thought Bubbles: Leftist Intolerance.” CC, January 22, 2018 , p. 5.

    Calvin White, “Merry Christmas to All, No Matter Your Religion.” VS, December 19, 2017, p. A9.

    Robert J. Ritzema, “What’s Your Story?” The Banner, December 2017, pp. 38-39 (psychology).

    James Schaap, “My Calvinism.” CC, October 23, 2017, p. 2.

    Shiao Chong, “Reading the New Testament with Jewish Eyes.” The Banner, October 2017, pp. 36-37.

    Bruinsma, “Of Time and Eternity.” CC, October 23, 2017, p. 17.

    Richard Mouw, “You have been warned, Pat Robertson!” Religion News Service, October 3, 2017.

    Rudy Eikelboom, “Is Hockey Worth It?” CC, September 25 2017, p. 16.

    J. Daniel Rollins, “Leading Jesus Way: Executives Committed to Servant Leadership.” An interview with Mark Deterding. CC, September 11, 2017, p. 10.

    Paul Bloom, et al, “Some Thoughts and Advice for Our Students and All Students.” James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions, Princeton University, August 29, 2017. (PDF)

    “We are scholars and teachers at Princeton, Harvard, and Yale who have some thoughts to share and advice to offer students who are headed off to colleges around the country.”

    Derek Schuurman, “Weapons of Math Destruction.” CC, July 10, 2017, p. 15.

    ----------, “Repairable Tech.” CC, December 11, 2017, p. 15

    An Exhibit of Reformational Attitudes Regarding "Canada 150+" from CC, June 12, 2017:

    Al Wolters, “Canada and Christ’s Dominion from Sea to Sea.” CC, June 12, 2017, pp. 1, 3.

    John Tamming, “Glorious and Free.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 5.

    Hugh Cook, “From Colony to Dominion: Canadian Literature Yesterday and Today.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 6.

    Katie Munnik, “A Wealth of Wilderness.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 7.

    Roland De Vries, “Canada, a Country of Reconciliation?” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 7.

    Trent DeJong, “Why Christians Ought to Be Royalists.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 10.

    Krista Dam-Vandekuyt, “Visiting Canada’s Shame: Re-education and Reconciliation in the Legacy of the Residential Schools.” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 11.

    Suzanne Armstrong, “Bringing Faith to Farming in Canada: The Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario (CFFO).” CC, June 12, 2017, p. 15.

    Sarah Schreiber, “Sola Gratia.” The Banner, June 2017, p. 37.

    Darren Roorda, “Christian Citizenship on Canada’s Birthday.” The Banner, June 2017, p. 26.

    Janelle Haegert, “Water and Wine: A Bartender’s Take.” The Banner, June 2017, p. 21.

    Douglas Todd, “Residential School Story Becoming Over-Simplified, Says Chief.” Vancouver Sun, April 21, 2017.

    B.C. Chief Robert Joseph regrets Canadians are becoming “too positional” about residential schools. "I wouldn’t want to have a reconciliation that simply balances the ledger and still has hatred afterwards. That would be tragic; that would be same old, same old.”

    David A. Hoekema, “From Just War to Just Peace.” The Banner, April 2017, pp. 36-37.

    Shiao Chong, “Anticipating Christ’s Inauguration” (about a Christian style of politics). The Banner, April 2017, p. 6.

    Zachary Lee, “Every Square Inch,” Christian Union, Spring 2017, pp. 46-47.

    “Every square inch” is one of the most famous and most quoted statements of Abraham Kuyper, the original spiritual and cultural role model for this entire website. It is also the title of the memoirs of the creator of this website at

    Kathy Vandergrift, “Reducing Racism in Canada.” CC, March 27, 2017, p. 8.

    John Bolt, “Standing between the Manger and the Cross.” CC, March 27, pp. 4-5.

    James R. Payton, Sola Scriptura: The Reformers Recognized Subordinate Religious Authorities.” The Banner, March 2017, p. 38.

    Rudy Eikelboom, “Paradigm Shifts in Science, Art and Easter.” CC, March 27, 2017, p. 3.

    Harry Fernhout, “Claiming the Academic Arena.” IAPCHE Contact, March 2017, p. 2.

    Michael White, “Vancity Banks on Doing the Right Thing.” West-Ender, February 23, 2017.

    Vancity President and CEO Tamara Vrooman: "What people are observing is that inequality is inefficient by almost any measure." – Tamara Vrooman, Vancity President and CEO

    Bob Bruinsma, “God’s Gender.” CC, January 23, 2017, p. 16.

    Rachel M. Billings, “Reading the Bible with the Church Fathers.” The Banner, December 2016, pp. 32-33.

    Nick Loenen, “Put People before Profit to End the Affordable Housing Crisis.” CC, February 27, 2017, pp. 1-3. This article can be found at at date.

    Bob Bruinsma, “God’s Gender: Is God Male or Female?” CC, January 22, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Note from proprietor of this website: The above entry includes criticism about referring to God as a female, a “she.” I include this article partially because I received the same criticism for so referring to Her in our memoirs. See first entry on the Boeriana page of this website – Every Square Inch.

    Justin Taylor, “The Real Reason Porno Shops Don’t Have Windows.” January 5, 2017. This article can be accessed at:

    Leonard Vander Zee, “Baptizing Babies.” The Banner, January 2017, p. 38. This article can be accessed at:

    Micah van Dijk, “Listen Carefully.” The Banner, January 2017, p. 34. This article can be accessed at: Van Dijk’s website:

    David Koyzis, “God’s Kingdom Will Have No End.” CC, December 12, 2016. This article can be accessed at:

    Derek Schuurman, “Humanism and Incarnation.” CC, December 12, 2016, p. 21. This article can be found on p. 21 of:

    Harry Fernhout, “Editorial: God the Giver.” IAPCHE, December 12, 2016, p. 2. This article can be accessed at:

    Brian Bork, “Conversations with the Dead.” CC, October 10, 2016, p. 8.

    Ruth Everhart, Ruined. Carol Stream IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2016. Named “2017 Book of the Year” by Christianity Today.

    Prayer from a pregnant woman who had years earlier been “ruined” by rape. This one item from the book is a pearl I do not want to hide behind a URL (pp. 277-278):

    “I was unprepared for the spiritual changes that pregnancy brought, especially the change in how I prayed.

    Each day brought many opportunities for prayer – in class, in chapel, at mealtimes. As I’d been taught to do, and as I’d done my whole life, I would begin to pray by bowing my head. But being pregnant changed this simple action. Dropping my chin brought my attention to my belly, which each day was a tablespoon bigger. A prayer would rise from me, a prayer that didn’t need words – certainly not a specific formula. This prayer was formed by an awareness of heartbeats, of blood pulsing through veins, of nourishment moving through a placenta. This prayer was carried to God upon the exhalation of my breath, and began again with inhalation.

    At first I fried to insert words into this process, proper words laid in sentences. But why? I could simply let the prayer rise and fall. It’s what my awareness wanted to do: to pause and lift this growing life to God for blessing and then gather that life back to my center. This prayer loop was wordless, spontaneous, unending. This was a loop of breath that was grateful for breath.”

    This website is a source for reviews of the book:

    Pastors’ Wives Ministry. This online document can be accessed at:

    Note from proprietor of this website: I include this item because it is a worthy ministry to worthy people and, secondly, the webmaster for this item is also the former volunteer webmaster for this website. It is out of gratitude for his work for me that I share this ministry website with you. Thank you, David!

    Len Vander Zee, “Whatever Happened to the Ten Commandments?” The Banner, September 2016.

    For a contemporary interpretation of the Ten Commandments in the Nigerian context, see Boer’s The Prophet Moses for Today on

    Rudy Eikelboom, “The Ethics of Access to Journal Articles.” CC, September 26, 2016, p. 3.

    David Koyzis, “The Return of ‘Holy Russia.’” CC, January 11, 2016.

    Shiao Chong, “Jesus taught that adultery is the only ground for divorce. Does this mean that you cannot divorce an abusive spouse?FAQs, The Banner, February 2015, p. 17.

    “Montana Crow Nation Declares 'Jesus Is Lord.'” CC, January 26, 2015, p. 6. This article can be accessed at:

    Ikenius Antuma, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Appreciating Animals.” Original title: “Over waardering van dieren.” Sophie 3/2013, p. 15.

    Ronald A. Kuipers, “The Contemporary Relevance of Religion.” ICS, n.d., but 2013 at the earliest.

    David T. Koyzis, “The two lives of the Virgin Mary”. CC, December 10, 2012, p. 8.

    Aart Deddens, transl. Jan H. Boer, “Greed or Compassion?” Original title, “Hebzucht of genade?” Beweging, Fall 2010, p. 13.

    John Witte, “Religion, Secularism and Human Rights: The Third Annual Hill Lecture.” Reviewed by Deborah Gyapong. Centre for Cultural Renewal, Ottawa: Centre Points, Winter/Spring 2003-2004, p. 4.

    “Human rights norms need a human rights culture to be effective. A human right culture needs religion to be enduring.”

    Anglican Church of Canada, “Litany for Our Country: Prayer for Peace and Country.” Book of Common Prayer, 1928. This document can be accessed at: